Edit concept Question Editor Create issue ticket

Apnea Neonatorum

Apnea in the Newborn


Presentation

  • For analysis, neonates who presented with neonatal apnea within the first week of life and prior to discharge from the birth hospitalization were classified as the Inpatient Group and infants who presented with apnea post discharge were identified as[content.iospress.com]
  • This text brings together leading authorities presenting state-of-the-art clinical reviews covering the science, recognition, and treatment of the inherited metabolic epilepsies and related disorders.[books.google.de]
  • [0001] The present invention relates to medical devices, specifically ー kinds of neonatal apnea resuscitation device. [0002] 背景技术: [0002] BACKGROUND: [0003] 新生儿呼吸暂停是指早产儿呼吸停止超过20秒,足月小儿呼吸停止超过15秒;或呼吸停止不超过15〜20秒,但伴有心跳减慢,皮肤青紫或苍白,肌肉张カ减低。[google.sr]
Hemophilia A
  • […] nervous system not mental deficiency Scalp and facial hair patterning Eye Nose Teeth Neck thorax and vertebrae nails creases dermatoglyphics Skin and hair Renal Unusual growth patterns MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES Down Syndrome Neurofibromatosis Achondroplasia Hemophilia[books.google.com]
Cerebral Palsy
  • Association of cerebral palsy with Apgar score in low and normal birth weight infants: population based cohort study. BMJ 2010;341:c4990. [ PubMed ] [ Full Text ] Freeman JM, Nelson KB. Intrapartum asphyxia and cerebral palsy.[acog.org]
  • Only 50 of the 220 children with motor impairment had cerebral palsy.[jamanetwork.com]
  • Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy is one of the most common causes of cerebral palsy and other severe neurological deficits in children, occurring in 2-9 of every 1000 live births.[radiopaedia.org]
  • HIE may result in neonatal death (15.2%). and may be manifested later as cerebral palsy, mental deficiency. HE in term infants result in neuronal injury of cortex (later cortical atrophy) and parasagittal ischemic injury.[easymbbs.org]
  • Outcomes The primary outcome of this study is a composite of death, cerebral palsy, cognitive delay, deafness, or blindness at a corrected age of 18 to 21 months.[nejm.org]
HELLP Syndrome
  • Syndrome 121 Review Questions and Answers 134 Menopause 140 Review Questions and Answers 147 Bacterial Sexually Transmitted Infections 156 Protozoan Sexually Transmitted Infections 162 Cancer 170 Review Questions and Answers 181 Cardiac Structural Defects[books.google.de]
Pulmonary Disorder
  • Henry L Halliday, Pulmonary disorder and apnea, Forfar and Arneil’s text book of pediatrics 2003. 36. Kenneth M Hunter, Metabolic Bone Disease of prematurity: John P Cloherty, Eric C Eichenwald, Ann. R.[medresearch.in]
Rales
  • Clinical features include retractions, rales, and areas of lung hyper- and hypoinflation. Because of nonhomogenous ventilation, an intrapulmonary shunt may produce hypoxemia and hypercarbia in patients with BPD.[anesth.unboundmedicine.com]
Hydrops Fetalis
  • Stay at the forefront of your field thanks to new and completely revised chapters covering topics such as: Principles and Practice l Immune and Non-immune Hydrops Fetalis l Amniotic Fluid Volume l Enhancing Safe Prescribing in the Neonatal Intensive Care[books.google.de]
  • Hydrops fetalis Hydrops fetalis is associated with excessive accumulation of fluid in at least two body compartments of the fetus and can range from mild peripheral edema to massive anasarca with pleural and/or pericardial effusions. Etiologies.[anesth.unboundmedicine.com]
Excessive Tearing
  • The majority of cases are due to blockage at the membrane of Hasner, and neonates develop excessive tearing with no nasal drainage. Lambdoid synostosis may be confused with positional plagiocephaly.[reliasmedia.com]
Lacrimation
  • Obstruction usually resolves by 6 months of age; if it persists after 12 months, ophthalmology referral is recommended for lacrimal duct probing. A secondary infection may occur and present with mucopurulent drainage, which is called dacryocystitis.[reliasmedia.com]
Cutaneous Manifestation
  • MANIFESTATIONS OF UNDERLYING DISEASE OTHER COMMON DERMATOLOGIC ISSUES IN PEDIATRICS HAIR AND NAIL DISORDERS BODY ART Make an Informed Decision Before You Get a Tattoo or Body Piercing Health Risks to Consider Before You Act Selecting a Tattoo Artist[books.google.com]
Alopecia
  • PEDIATRICS HAIR AND NAIL DISORDERS BODY ART Make an Informed Decision Before You Get a Tattoo or Body Piercing Health Risks to Consider Before You Act Selecting a Tattoo Artist or Piercer Dermatoogic Conditions Electronic Textbook of Dermatology National Alopecia[books.google.com]
Incontinence
  • EARDISORDERS 243 Eye Disorders 252 Skin Infections 344 Review Questions and Answer 355 Review Questions and Answers 368 NEUROLOGICAL AND MUSCULARDISORDERS 375 Review Questions and Answers 390 Review Questions and Answers 404 RENAL DISORDERS 412 Micturition and Incontinence[books.google.de]

Workup

  • A sepsis workup may be needed to help identify the location of the infection and type of microorganism causing the infection. A sepsis workup may include the following procedures: Blood tests Lumbar puncture (also called spinal tap).[stanfordchildrens.org]
  • Laboratory Testing Initial Workup of Suspected Neonatal Sepsis Initial, nonspecific testing (eg, urine cultures, white blood cell counts) may prove useful for identifying infants with a low probability of developing sepsis, but not for identifying infants[arupconsult.com]
  • If sepsis is suspected, a full sepsis workup is indicated with blood, urine, and CSF analysis and cultures.[reliasmedia.com]
Pseudomonas
  • […] pneumonia due to viral agent P231Congenital pneumonia due to Chlamydia P232Congenital pneumonia due to staphylococcus P233Congenital pneumonia due to streptococcus, group B P234Congenital pneumonia due to Escherichia coli P235Congenital pneumonia due to Pseudomonas[cms.gov]
  • Bacterial causes include group B strep, S. aureus , listeria, E. coli, pertussis, klebsiella, proteus, pseudomonas, group A strep, and Neisseria meningitidis .[reliasmedia.com]
  • Contaminated respiratory equipment is suspected in outbreaks of hospital-acquired Pseudomonas aeruginosa pneumonia or sepsis.[msdmanuals.com]
  • Later-onset infections may be caused by Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Enterobacter cloacae, enterococcus, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The clinical features of sepsis include respiratory failure, seizures, and shock.[anesth.unboundmedicine.com]

Treatment

  • Make informed clinical choices for each patient , from diagnosis and treatment selection through post-treatment strategies and management of complications, with new evidence-based criteria throughout.[books.google.de]
  • Make informed clinical choices for each patient, from diagnosis and treatment selection through post-treatment strategies and management of complications, with new evidence-based criteria throughout.[books.google.de]
  • The more prompt and rational the treatment, the sooner the normal parent-infant relationship will commence. This book is devoted exclusively to the first days following birth. In its 15 chapters, postpartum and postnatal physiology and pathophy[ i:.[books.google.de]
  • […] of Parents of Blind Children Ann M PetersenSmith and Shirley Becton McKenzie DEVELOPMENT ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY PATHOPHYSIOLOGY AND DEFENSE MECHANISMS ASSESSMENT Birth to 3 Months 6 to 12 Months MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES SPECIFIC EAR PROBLEMS IN CHILDREN Treatment[books.google.com]
  • This text brings together leading authorities presenting state-of-the-art clinical reviews covering the science, recognition, and treatment of the inherited metabolic epilepsies and related disorders.[books.google.de]

Prognosis

  • Apnea of prematurity is essentially a diagnosis of exclusion carries the most excellent prognosis. Other secondary causes bear uniformly poor prognosis and essentially high mortality.[medresearch.in]
  • For preterm infants, compared with term infants, the overall prognosis is worse.[radiopaedia.org]
  • Prognosis and Treatment Sepsis in a newborn is treated with antibiotics given intravenously. Antibiotics are often started even before laboratory and culture results are available.[rchsd.org]
  • Outlook (Prognosis) Apnea is common in premature babies. Most babies have normal outcomes. Mild apnea does not appear to have long-term effects. However, preventing multiple or severe episodes is better for the baby over the long-term.[pennstatehershey.adam.com]
  • Prognosis in neonatal seizures. Adv Neurol . 1983;34: 101–113. 25. Ronen GM, Buckley D, Penney S, Streiner DL. Long-term prognosis in children with neonatal seizures. Neurology . 2007;69:1816–1822. 26. Laroia N, Guillet R, Burchfiel J, McBride MC.[dovepress.com]

Etiology

  • etiologies and evaluations with those infants with infantile acute life threatening event (ALTE).[content.iospress.com]
  • Its etiology is often multi factorial and diagnosis of idiopathic forms requires exclusion of other underlying diseases.[jpnim.com]
  • Etiologic considerations Identification of the underlying etiology is also an important issue when considering appropriate management of neonatal seizures.[dovepress.com]
  • IGBS is associated with both early and late onset sepsis and the most common etiologic agent of neonatal meningitis.[atlases.muni.cz]
  • Numerous factors are likely to play a role in the etiology of apnea including inputs from the carotid chemoreceptors.[semanticscholar.org]

Epidemiology

  • [5] Cases of obstructive apnea are rarely found in infants that are healthy. [3] Mixed Apnea [ edit ] Mixed apnea is a combination of both central and obstructive factors. [1] The majority of premature infants with sleep apnea have mixed apnea. [3] Epidemiology[en.wikipedia.org]
  • […] by absent airflow but persistent chest wall motion Mixed apnea Mixed etiology, with obstructive apnea preceding (usually) or following central apnea Periodic breathing is a normal neonatal breathing pattern, defined by 3 pauses, each 3 seconds, with Epidemiology[unboundmedicine.com]
  • Epidemiology [ edit ] Apnea of prematurity occurs in at least 85 percent of infants who are born at less than 34 weeks of gestation.[en.wikipedia.org]
  • Studies from the developing country settings were primarily reviewed for epidemiology, domiciliary risk factors as well as potential interventions for thermal care.[nature.com]
  • […] to account for 2.3% of hospitalized children, and to occur in between 0.5% and 0.6% of all newborns. [10] Since brief resolved unexplained event (BRUE) is a fairly new term having only been described since 2016, there are no reports to describe its epidemiology[emedicine.medscape.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY Parasympathetic System PATHOPHYSIOLOGY AND DEFENSE MECHANISMS ASSESSMENT OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES SPECIFIC NEUROLOGIC PROBLEMS OF CHILDREN Cognitive Other Sensory Bowel Skin Infants Brain Injury Association of[books.google.com]
  • Covers basic concepts of pulmonary pathophysiology and gives practical guidance on providing neonatal respiratory support with a variety of techniques , so you can learn both basic and advanced methods in one volume.[books.google.it]
  • Jones & Bartlett Learning, 2008 - 557 Seiten Quick Look Nursing: Obstetric and Pediatric Pathophysiology is a quick reference book that works well as a supplement to other text books.[books.google.de]
  • Jones & Bartlett Learning , 2007 - 557 Seiten Quick Look Nursing: Obstetric and Pediatric Pathophysiology is a quick reference book that works well as a supplement to other text books.[books.google.de]
  • "Pathophysiologic Mechanisms Underlying Apnea of Prematurity". NeoReviews. 3 (4): e59–e65. doi : 10.1542/neo.3-4-e59. Baird, T.M.; et al. (2002). "Clinical Associations, Treatment, and Outcome of Apnea of Prematurity".[en.wikipedia.org]

Prevention

  • Prevention of sepsis is probably the best management strategy as far as neonatal sepsis is concerned. Strategies include prevention of early-onset sepsis and prevention of late-onset sepsis.[books.google.de]
  • OF THE GYNECOLOGIC SYSTEM MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES NORMAL GYNECOLOGIC SYSTEM and COMMON VARIATIONS PATHOPHYSIOLOGY AND DEFENSE MECHANISMS OF THE GYN SYSTEM SPECIFIC GYNECOLOGIC PROBLEMS OF CHILDREN SPECIFIC GYNECOLOGIC PROBLEMS OF ADOLESCENTS Partners Prevention[books.google.com]
  • IV dextrose (for prevention and treatment) Enteral feeding Sometimes IM glucagon Most high-risk neonates are treated preventively.[merckmanuals.com]
  • […] bacterial infection, 98 thereby preventing a common cause of secondary hypothermia.[nature.com]
  • All infants that have meconium stained amniotic fluid (liquor) at birth need special care to prevent severe meconium aspiration.[gfmer.ch]

Ask Question

5000 Characters left Format the text using: # Heading, **bold**, _italic_. HTML code is not allowed.
By publishing this question you agree to the TOS and Privacy policy.
• Use a precise title for your question.
• Ask a specific question and provide age, sex, symptoms, type and duration of treatment.
• Respect your own and other people's privacy, never post full names or contact information.
• Inappropriate questions will be deleted.
• In urgent cases contact a physician, visit a hospital or call an emergency service!