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Articulation Disorder



  • If your child presents with speech errors, a speech-language pathologist can conduct an evaluation to determine whether the errors are age-appropriate or not.[sensiblespeech.com]
  • PARENTAL SUGGESTIONS Present a good, slow speech model. Emphasize misarticulated words in phrases/sentences correctly. Have your child look closely at your face and mouth, when possible, so they can see how you form your sounds.[childrensal.org]
  • There are usually fewer errors than with a phonemic disorder, and distortions are more likely (though any omissions, additions, and substitutions may also be present).[en.wikipedia.org]
  • In conclusion, the present study showed that children with articulation disorder have heterogeneous phenotypes of speech and language profiles. About half the children with AD have developmental language problems as well.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Primary articulation disorder is defined as a disability in articulation without other speech or linguistic disabilities, and without a known cause.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] disorders associated with cleft palate. ( 19588407 ) Lee AS...Gibbon FE 2009 11 Speech sound classification and detection of articulation disorders with support vector machines and wavelets. ( 17946095 ) Georgoulas G...Stylios CD 2006 12 Speech summer camp[malacards.org]
  • E.g – /s/, /l/, /r/ etc Malocclusion – abnormal bite of the teeth. 2 types seen – underbite or overbite.[1specialplace.com]
  • Age – Children born to young parents might be neglected and unwanted. This emotional stress might mount up to interference with the speech sound production.[1specialplace.com]
Language Delays
  • To evaluate whether the AD resulted from expressive language delay in the AD with language delay group, the subjects were adjusted to their expressive language age.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Beitchman et al. [ 2, 14 ] reported a long term follow-up study of 5-year-old children with communication disorders, have concomitant attention-deficit/hyperactivity and anxiety disorders.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Loss of Speech
  • Depending on the severity of the hearing loss, the speech is affected from a few misarticulations to a delayed language acquisition.[1specialplace.com]


  • With treatment, it is possible to improve speech problems. Early treatment helps the most. Many children gain normal or close-to-normal speech with treatment.[intermountainhealthcare.org]
  • Evaluation and treatment for the children with articulation-phonology disorders. J Educ Stud. 2001; 9 :63–83. [ Google Scholar ][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Treatment [ edit ] For most children, the disorder is not lifelong and speech difficulties improve with time and speech-language treatment.[en.wikipedia.org]


  • However, there are only a few studies on articulation disorder overlapping with language delay; therefore, its assessment and prognosis remains unclear.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Prognosis is poorer for children who also have a language disorder, as that may be indicative of a learning disorder. [2] See also [ edit ] Accent (sociolinguistics) Developmental verbal dyspraxia FOXP2 KE family Infantile speech Speech and language pathology[en.wikipedia.org]


  • Although these disorders have varying organic etiologies, including structural, neurological, and auditory causes, the most common etiology is idiopathic [ 7 ].[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]


  • Because what causes most articulation disorders in children is unknown, it is hard to prevent. Keep track of how your child is speaking, and talk to their doctor if you think they might have a speech articulation disorder.[intermountainhealthcare.org]
  • Therefore, to prevent long-term complications, precise as well as early intervention is required.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Persistent difficulty with speech sound production that interferes with speech intelligibility or prevents verbal communication of messages. B.[en.wikipedia.org]

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