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Autosomal Recessive Agammaglobulinemia

Isolated Hypogammaglobulinemia


Presentation

  • Nearly 30% of ARA cases present mutations in the μ heavy constant region gene IGHM. Here, we present a 7-month-old patient, born from non-consanguineous parents, who is affected by ARA due to defect in the μ heavy chain.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • This study describes the third case worldwide of autosomal recessive agammaglobulinemia due to a novel non-sense mutation in Igβ presenting with neutropenia, ecthyma and mild respiratory infections.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • In order to achieve this goal, about 90 cases drawn from real life are presented, along with approximately 300 related questions.[books.google.com]
  • The pathogenesis and clinical presentation of X-linked agammaglobulinemia, caused by mutations in the BTK (Bruton’s tyrosine kinase) gene, are then presented in detail, followed by descriptions of the clinical manifestations and molecular basis of the[books.google.com]
  • Acronym AGM7 Synonyms Agammaglobulinemia autosomal recessive due to PIK3R1 defect Disclaimer Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only.[uniprot.org]
Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrome
Ecthyma
  • This study describes the third case worldwide of autosomal recessive agammaglobulinemia due to a novel non-sense mutation in Igβ presenting with neutropenia, ecthyma and mild respiratory infections.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Neonatal Seizures
  • Seizures 1199 141 The Timing of Neonatal Brain Damage 1208 142 Thrombosis in the Development of Newborn Brain Damage 1216 143 Epidemiology of Adverse Cerebral Outcome 1228 144 Neuromuscular Disorders 1232 145 Ocular Malformations 1240 146 Retinopathy[books.google.com]

Workup

  • The workup should start with a complete blood count (CBC) and differential. In the case of autosomal agammaglobulinemia, the number neutophils is within normal limits, The workup should start with a complete blood count (CBC) and differential.[clinicaladvisor.com]
  • The immunologic workup of the child suspected of immunodeficiency. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 2001;87(5):362-370. 4. Paul ME, Shearer WT. Chapter 33- Approach to the Evaluation of the Immunodeficient Patient. In: Rich RR, Fleisher TA (eds).[hawaii.edu]
Helicobacter Pylori
  • Chronic atrophic corpus gastritis type A and Helicobacter pylori were also identified. Abdominal magnetic resonance imaging confirmed the stenosis resulting from a semicircular intramural tumor without obvious local or distant metastatic spread.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Campylobacter jejuni bacteremia and Helicobacter pylori in a patient with X-linked agammaglobulinemia. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2010 Nov. 29(11):1315-9. [Medline]. [Full Text]. Vancikova Z, Freiberger T, Vach W, Trojanek M, Rizzi M, Janda A.[emedicine.medscape.com]
Human Parvovirus B19
  • Parvovirus B19 880 Congenital Syphilis and Tuberculosis 893 115 Toxoplasmosis in the Fetus and Newborn 898 116 Neonatal Bacterial and Fungal Infections 905 117 Neonatal Septic Shock 931 Enteroviruses and Respiratory Syncytial Virus 940 119 Vaccinations[books.google.com]

Treatment

  • 85 Pathology and Treatment of Liver Diseases 641 86 Neonatal CholestasisConjugated Hyperbilirubinemia 650 87 Surgical Treatment of Biliary Tract Malformations 659 88 Orofacial Malformations 664 89 Esophageal Atresia 675 90 Gastrointestinal Malformations[books.google.com]
  • CLOSE Medical Disclaimer The medical information on this site is provided as an information resource only, and is not to be used or relied on for any diagnostic or treatment purposes.[diseaseinfosearch.org]
  • It is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care. Our staff consists of biologists and biochemists that are not trained to give medical advice .[uniprot.org]
  • Features sweeping content updates throughout, including basic science research which serves as a foundation for modern hematology, recent advances in stem cell transplantation, clinical advances in the treatment of each of the hematologic malignancies[books.google.com]
  • This book is a comprehensive yet manageable resource for physicians and nurses wishing to learn more about PID, as well as a useful tool for both doctors-in-training and specialists in clinical decision-making and treatment planning.[books.google.com]

Prognosis

  • Prognosis The prognosis depends on the age at diagnosis, compliance with therapy and the development of complications. Most patients on treatment can lead a normal life.[orpha.net]
  • , Prevention, and Complications Prognosis normal prognosis with regular IVIG therapy and early detection Prevention screening in newborns regular IVIG to prevent infections Complications small risk of malignancy Please rate topic.[medbullets.com]
  • […] such as a bronchitis, diarrhea, eye infections, ear infections, and sinus infections The treatment options for Agammaglobulinemia may include antibody replacement through gamma globulin therapy and treating infections with appropriate antibiotics The prognosis[dovemed.com]
  • However, because the prognosis is poor, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is preferred if an HLA-identical sibling donor is available.[merckmanuals.com]
  • Prognosis Currently, there is no cure for SCID. Most untreated patients die before age two. Prevention Resources Organizations Immune Deficiency Foundation. 25 W. Chesapeake Ave., Suite 206, Towson, MD 21204. (800) 296-4433. .[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

Etiology

  • Certain conditions have both an underlying etiology and multiple body system manifestations due to the underlying etiology.[icd10coded.com]
  • Etiology The disorder is due to mutations in various genes involved in humoral immunity, including: IGHM (14q32.33), BLNK (10q23.2-q23.33), CD79A (19q13.2), CD79B (17q23), IGLL1 (22q11.23), PIK3R1 (5q13.1) and TCF3 (19p13.3) Common causative microorganisms[orpha.net]
  • : bronchiectasis is found in patients of all ages, genders, and ethnic groups However, older adults are mre commonly affected than youngr age groups Sex : females are more commonly affected than males in North America Relative Prevalence of Specific Etiologies[mdnxs.com]
  • (Etiology) The causative factors of Bruton’s Agammaglobulinemia include mutations in the BTK gene, located on the X chromosome.[dovemed.com]
  • The most common of these is common variable immunodeficiency (CVID), a cause of hypogammaglobulinemia in which the etiology is unknown. In CVID, females may be affected, B-cells are usually present, and tonsils and adenoids may be present.[dermatologyadvisor.com]

Epidemiology

  • All Andrology Astronomy Biochemistry Bioinformatics Biology Biophysics Biotechnology Botany Cardiology Cell Biology Chemistry Dermatology Ecology Epidemiology Evolutionary Biology General Genetics Genomics Geology Geriatrics Gynaecology Immunology Informatics[myjournals.org]
  • Syndrome 1160 137 Neuroprotective Strategies 1173 138 Cerebral Hemorrhage 1180 139 Neonatal Arterial Stroke 1192 140 Neonatal Seizures 1199 141 The Timing of Neonatal Brain Damage 1208 142 Thrombosis in the Development of Newborn Brain Damage 1216 143 Epidemiology[books.google.com]
  • Summary Epidemiology Fewer than 100 cases of autosomal inherited agammaglobulinemia have been reported to date.[orpha.net]
  • […] cytometry – if protein expression is absent or reduced, suggests X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA) in males Differential Diagnosis X-linked hyper IgM syndrome X-linked severe combined immunodeficienc y X-linked lymphoproliferative disease HIV Background Epidemiology[arupconsult.com]
  • Enteroviruses in X-Linked Agammaglobulinemia: Update on Epidemiology and Therapy. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. 2016; 4(6):1059-1065. PMID: 26883540 Berglöf, A, et al.[invitae.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • 699 92 Meconium Plug Syndrome 704 93 Hirschsprungs Disease 708 94 Gastroenteritis and Intractable Diarrhea 713 95 Rehydration after Diarrhea 719 96 Necrotizing Enterocolitis 724 97 Surgical Treatment of Necrotizing Enterocolitis 731 Overview 735 99 Pathophysiology[books.google.com]
  • Although the book’s primary focus is on practical diagnosis and management, the pathophysiology of PID is also discussed.[books.google.com]
  • […] immunodeficienc y X-linked lymphoproliferative disease HIV Background Epidemiology Incidence – estimated 1/250,000-700,000 male births Age 50% diagnosed by 2 years 80% diagnosed by 5 years Sex – 99% male Ethnicity – most commonly diagnosed in Caucasians Pathophysiology[arupconsult.com]
  • Clinical Information Discusses physiology, pathophysiology, and general clinical aspects, as they relate to a laboratory test X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA) is a humoral primary immunodeficiency affecting males in approximately 1 in 200,000 live births[mayomedicallaboratories.com]
  • Disorders of Complements Clue: Defective "respiratory burst" CGD Clue: "Cold" cutaneous abcess Job Syndrome Clue: causes are corticosteroids and cyclosporin A, result in diabetes, HIV & AIDS Secondary Disorder of Phagocytosis YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE... 70 terms Pathophysiology[quizlet.com]

Prevention

  • Immunoglobulin is particularly effective in preventing the spread of infections into the bloodstream and to deep body tissues or organs.[primaryimmune.org]
  • These results suggest that patients with non-X-linked forms of HIM may have an intrinsic B cell defect preventing heavy chain switching, which is not related to expression of CD40L.[jimmunol.org]
  • These mutations prevent the development and regulation of B lymphocytes Pre-B-lymphocytes are unable to mature into B lymphocytes.[dovemed.com]
  • , and Complications Prognosis normal prognosis with regular IVIG therapy and early detection Prevention screening in newborns regular IVIG to prevent infections Complications small risk of malignancy Please rate topic.[medbullets.com]

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