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Autosomal Recessive Spastic Ataxia with Leukoencephalopathy

ARSAL


Presentation

  • Neuromuscular syndromes are presented clinically either as a case study or as an overview from the literature, accompanied by text presenting molecular defects, and differential diagnosis.[books.google.es]
  • An expert author team presents more than 3,000 high-quality images - nearly all in full color - to provide unmatched visual guidance on the microscopic and gross pathologic presentation of a full range of neurologic diseases.[books.google.de]
  • Acronym SPAX3 Keywords Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only.[uniprot.org]
  • These advances have been associated with discoveries of new clinical disorders, in particular in the field of genetic ataxias, and the growing number of diseases presents a source of difficulty for clinicians during daily practice.[books.google.es]
Dystonia
  • She has received many awards, among others the European Dystonia Society David Marsden Award and the AAN Jon Stolk Award in Movement Disorders for Young Investigators.[books.google.es]
  • Her research activity has focused on pathophysiology and treatment of Parkinsonian syndromes, Dystonia, Huntington’s disease and functional movement disorders. Dr.[books.google.es]
  • Get Update Overview Spastic ataxia-5 (SPAX5) is an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by early-onset spasticity resulting in significantly impaired ambulation, cerebellar ataxia, oculomotor apraxia, dystonia, and myoclonic epilepsy[diseaseinfosearch.org]
  • […] rare disease Autosomal recessive spastic ataxia with leukoencephalopathy Disease definition A rare, genetic, autosomal recessive spastic ataxia disease characterized by cerebellar ataxia, spasticity, cerebellar (and in some cases cerebral) atrophy, dystonia[orpha.net]
  • […] juvenile-onset Dystonia, DOPA-responsive, autosomanl recessive Dystonia-deafness syndrome DYT1 DYT10 DYT11 DYT11, DRD2 related DYT12 DYT16 DYT18 DYT2 DYT24 DYT25 DYT27 DYT3 DYT4 DYT5A DYT6 DYT8 Early infantile epileptic encephalopathy Emery-Dreifuss[qlinics.com]
Hyperreflexia
  • Related phenotypes are hyperreflexia and cerebellar hypoplasia[malacards.org]
  • Definition A neurologic disorder characterized by cerebellar ataxia, ataxic gait, spasticity, and hyperreflexia. Other variable features include dysarthria, dysmetria, mild cognitive impairment, urinary urgency and dystonic positioning.[uniprot.org]
  • Spasticity is usually accompanied by HYPERREFLEXIA and variable degrees of MUSCLE WEAKNESS.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Severe spasticity with hyperreflexia has also been reported. Global cerebral hypomyelination is a characteristic imaging feature of this disease.[mendelian.co]
  • Disease description A neurologic disorder characterized by cerebellar ataxia, ataxic gait, spasticity, and hyperreflexia. Other variable features include dysarthria, dysmetria, mild cognitive impairment, urinary urgency and dystonic positioning.[uniprot.org]
Dysmetria
  • Other variable features include dysarthria, dysmetria, mild cognitive impairment, urinary urgency and dystonic positioning.[uniprot.org]
  • Dysmetria MedGen UID: 68583 • Concept ID: C0234162 • Finding A type of ataxia characterized by the inability to carry out movements with the correct range and motion across the plane of more than one joint related to incorrect estimation of the distances[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Delayed speech and language development Optic neuropathy Sensory ataxia Episodic ataxia Abnormal chorioretinal morphology Hyporeflexia Truncal ataxia Microcephaly Clumsiness Unsteady gait Peripheral axonal neuropathy Slow progression Muscle weakness Dysmetria[mendelian.co]

Treatment

  • CLOSE Medical Disclaimer The medical information on this site is provided as an information resource only, and is not to be used or relied on for any diagnostic or treatment purposes.[diseaseinfosearch.org]
  • It is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care. Our staff consists of biologists and biochemists that are not trained to give medical advice .[uniprot.org]
  • Key points for each genetic disease are identified to suggest treatment, when available, or the main clinical exams useful in follow-up of patients.[books.google.es]
  • Each disease is covered in a consistent, easy-to-follow format: basics (including signs and symptoms), diagnosis, treatment, medications, follow-up, and miscellaneous considerations (including diseases with similar characteristics, pregnancy, synonyms[books.google.de]
  • In addition, new neurophysiological and imaging techniques are discussed, along with an in-depth examination of the treatment and management protocols of ataxic diseases.[books.google.com]

Prognosis

  • PMID: 21597885 Prognosis Yahalom G, Anikster Y, Huna-Baron R, Hoffmann C, Blumkin L, Lev D, Tsabari R, Nitsan Z, Lerman SF, Ben-Zeev B, Pode-Shakked B, Sofer S, Schweiger A, Lerman-Sagie T, Hassin-Baer S J Neurol 2014 Dec;261(12):2275-82.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Etiology

  • Beginning with an examination of the cerebellar region, and then progressing to a fresh perspective on the clinical aspects of the various forms of ataxia, this handbook gives clinicians a state-of-the-art reference for the management of the many etiologies[books.google.com]
  • Genetic analysis implicates APOE, SNCA and suggests lysosomal dysfunction in the etiology of dementia with Lewy bodies. Hum Mol Genet. PubMed PMID: 24973356 Guerreiro R, Wojtas A, Bras J, et al. TREM2 variants in Alzheimer's disease. N Engl J Med.[books.google.es]
  • Etiology Neuroepidemiology 2014;42(3):174-83. Epub 2014 Mar 5 doi: 10.1159/000358801.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Spinocerebellar ataxia type 7 Spinocerebellar ataxia type 8 Spinocerebellar ataxia with axonal neuropathy type 1 Spinocerebellar ataxia with axonal neuropathy type 2 Spinocerebellar ataxia-dysmorphism syndrome Sporadic adult-onset ataxia of unknown etiology[se-atlas.de]
  • Etiology Although the causative gene has been identified in some cases, in others it remains unknown.[plaza.umin.ac.jp]

Epidemiology

  • Piedmont type Synonym(s): - ARSAL - Autosomal recessive spastic ataxia type 3 - SPAX3 Classification (Orphanet): - Inborn errors of metabolism - Rare genetic disease - Rare neurologic disease Classification (ICD10): - Diseases of the nervous system - Epidemiological[csbg.cnb.csic.es]
  • His research activity has focussed on epidemiology and pathophysiology of dystonia, Tourette’s syndrome (with a special focus on the role of environmental factors and immunity), functional movement disorders and drug-induced movement disorders.[books.google.es]
  • . - Fragile X-Associated Tremor Ataxia Syndrome: The Expanding Clinical Picture, Pathophysiology, Epidemiology, and Update on Treatment Deborah A. Hall, Joan A. O'keefe -[canadianataxiaconference.com]
  • The Global Epidemiology of Hereditary Ataxiaand Spastic Paraplegia: A systematic review of prevalence studies. Neuroepidemiology 2014; 24:174-183. Ashizawa T, Figueroa KP, Perlman SL, et al.[rarediseases.org]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Her research activity has focused on pathophysiology and treatment of Parkinsonian syndromes, Dystonia, Huntington’s disease and functional movement disorders. Dr.[books.google.es]
  • . - Fragile X-Associated Tremor Ataxia Syndrome: The Expanding Clinical Picture, Pathophysiology, Epidemiology, and Update on Treatment Deborah A. Hall, Joan A. O'keefe -[canadianataxiaconference.com]

Prevention

  • Spax3 also cause problems for everyone.As i said ACTUAL TROLLS (Which does not include BigAl2k6, GuardianEarth, HendryHedgehog (AKA Yamatobushi, for which i apologise for any misconceptions i made towards you) or any other well know users on YT) Now to prevent[deviantart.com]
  • It is extremely important to prevent episodes of deterioration, especially in young children, by preventing and treating infections and fever when possible through the use of vaccinations, antibiotics for minor infections and antipyretics for fever.[ulf.org]
  • If leukoencephalopathy appears due to inherited genetic mutations, the treatments will be focused on preventing the progression of the disease, improving the person's quality of life and other preventive methods.[lifepersona.com]
  • Myelin is the insulator of the nerve fibres (like insulation on electrical cables) and has two functions; to prevent short-circuits and secondly acceleration of impulse conduction along the nerve fibres.[chloesaxby.com.au]
  • The small size of the gene and the limited number of restriction sites prevented us from generating informative Southern blots to further investigate the breakpoints of rearrangements.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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