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Bacillus


Presentation

  • CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of an 18-month-old Sudanese girl who presented at the age of 3 months with swelling of her left forearm following Bacillus Calmette-Guérin vaccination administered at birth.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • After 4 weeks, he presented another one associated with hemorrhage by cutaneous fistula, in the right common femoral artery.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The aim of this systematic review was to present available evidence on the safety and efficacy of BCG immunotherapy in patients with ABU.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The present study suggests that the heat-killed culture supernatant of B. coagulans can be more effective in inducing apoptosis of colon cancer cells and that can be considered for adjuvant therapy in the treatment of colon carcinoma.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • To present an unrecognized vascular complication of bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) therapy administered for superficial bladder carcinoma.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Weight Loss
  • At 6 months after the last dose, he developed fever, weight loss and malaise. He had an extensive negative workup at an outside hospital and was treated empirically with ciprofloxacin for 2 weeks.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Reiter's Syndrome
  • Reiter's syndrome was diagnosed as a rare but known complication of BCG instillation and the BCG immunotherapy was withheld.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Suprapubic Pain
  • A 39-year-old Chinese man presented with a 3-week history of dysuria, suprapubic pain, and pain at the tip of the penis postmicturition.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Low Back Pain
  • Four weekly cycles of BCG were administered uneventfully; however, before the fifth instillation, the patient complained of urethral discharge, bilateral conjunctivitis, and low back pain.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Ptosis
  • PATIENT CONCERNS: A 69-year-old male with bladder cancer developed ptosis and diplopia 4 days after the completion of a treatment regimen with intravesical BCG weekly for 6 weeks.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Urethral Discharge
  • Four weekly cycles of BCG were administered uneventfully; however, before the fifth instillation, the patient complained of urethral discharge, bilateral conjunctivitis, and low back pain.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Coinciding with the joint manifestations, the patient developed fever and purulent urethral discharge (culture was negative). Therefore, trying to investigate the cause of the arthritis, Purified Protein Derivate was taken, with reactive results.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Testicular Disease
  • The difficulties in diagnosing this condition based on imaging alone, given the extensive overlap with the appearance of bacterial epididymo-orchitis, malignant testicular disease and testicular torsion, are discussed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Dysarthria
  • An 89-year-old Caucasian man with a history of relapsing high-grade bladder carcinoma treated with intravesical BCG presented with recurring episodes of right upper limb paresthesia with clumsiness and dysarthria.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Clumsiness
  • An 89-year-old Caucasian man with a history of relapsing high-grade bladder carcinoma treated with intravesical BCG presented with recurring episodes of right upper limb paresthesia with clumsiness and dysarthria.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Altered Mental Status
  • Patients presenting with altered mental status while on BCG therapy should be evaluated for disseminated infections.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Workup

  • […] report, of a 77-year-old man with a history of intravesical BCG therapy and recent cardiac surgery, highlights the need for patients with similar features on history, presenting with generalised symptoms, to have mycobacterial cultures included in their workup[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • He had an extensive negative workup at an outside hospital and was treated empirically with ciprofloxacin for 2 weeks.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Pyuria
  • A literature search within the Medline and the Embase databases was conducted with the following search terms: adverse events, bacteriuria, BCG, bladder cancer, cystitis, infection, pyuria, side effects and urinary tract infection (UTI).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Corynebacterium Diphtheriae
  • diphtheriae (Kruse 1886) Lehmann & Neumann, 1896 Species Bacillus dipsosauri Lawson et al., 1996 accepted as Gracilibacillus dipsosauri (Lawson et al. 1996) Wainø et al., 1999 Species Bacillus dysenteriae Shiga, 1898 accepted as Shigella dysenteriae[irmng.org]
Polyps
  • The author herein reports a rare case of a tuberculosis-associated endobronchial inflammatory polyp that was AFB smear- and culture-negative and the patient's clinical course after treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
HLA-B27
  • Therefore, such diagnosis should be considered when confronted with an osteoarticular clinical picture in patients treated with intravesical Calmette-Guérin Bacillus, especially patients with HLA-B27 ( ) and B7 ( ), as Poncet's disease is a reactive arthritis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Liver Biopsy
  • Bone marrow and liver biopsies showed non-caseating granulomas and were negative for acid-fast bacillus (AFB) and fungal stains. Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex PCR of the bone marrow was negative.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Treatment

  • There were significant differences between BCG and other treatments or no additional treatment for recurrence (P 0.034), progression (P 0.004) and cancer-specific survival (P 0.014).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Analysis was performed by Kaplan-Meier method (P RESULTS: Fifty-two patients received treatment with a median recurrence follow-up of 16.3 months and overall follow-up of 41.8 months.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Thereupon, the treatment of the tumour began with transurethral resection technique and intravesical instillation of Calmette-Guérin Bacillus as adjuvant treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Delay in diagnosis of this disease process will lead to delays in initiation of antimycobacterium treatment to prevent dissemination into other arterial beds and potentially complicate effective surgical treatment leading to aneurysmal rupture and other[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • This case highlights the direct choroidal mycobacterial infection of the disease after BCG instillations for bladder cancer and failure of treatment despite culture-proven drug sensitivity, thus suggesting the need to revaluate adequate treatment to avoid[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prognosis

  • IPTW-adjusted multivariate analysis revealed that BCG therapy did not worsen the prognosis of these patients. The limitations of our study were its retrospective design and small sample size.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Conclusion: Overall, our results show that intravesical BCG instillation for variant histology in NMIBC leads to a better prognosis with regard to progression and cause-specific survival than other intravesical treatments or no additional treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Candida species are responsible for one-third of these infections and carry a worse prognosis [ 1 – 3 ].[ann-clinmicrob.biomedcentral.com]

Etiology

  • * Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/diagnosis Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/etiology* BCG Vaccine/administration & dosage BCG Vaccine/adverse effects* Diagnosis, Differential Humans Imaging, Three-Dimensional Male Tomography, X-Ray Computed Urinary Bladder Neoplasms[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Epidemiology

  • Investigation of Bioterrorism-Related Anthrax, United States, 2001: Epidemiologic Findings. Emerg Infect Dis. 8: 1019-1028. 5. Leise JM, Carter CH, Friedlander H, and Freeid SW . 1958. Criteria for the Identification of Bacillus anthracis.[asmscience.org]
  • […] cramps and diarrhea; both forms are usually mild and self-limiting (24 hrs); immunocompromised individuals are susceptible to bacteremia, endocarditis, meningitis, pneumonia; also associated with posttraumatic endophthalmitis (ocular infection - rare) EPIDEMIOLOGY[msdsonline.com]
  • Epidemiology Individuals at risk for anthrax include those in contact with infected animals or animal products.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Epidemiology- No seasonal variance. Bacillus spp. are found in most natural environments. Because they form spores, they can tolerate extremes of temperature, humidity, etc. They also form a small part of normal human flora.[infectiousdiseaseadvisor.com]
  • Many questions about the epidemiology, biology and impact of this cluster of anthrax causing B. cereus still remain open.[doi.org]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Prevention

  • Delay in diagnosis of this disease process will lead to delays in initiation of antimycobacterium treatment to prevent dissemination into other arterial beds and potentially complicate effective surgical treatment leading to aneurysmal rupture and other[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • BACKGROUND: The Bacillus Calmette-Guérin vaccine, which is used for the prevention of tuberculosis, is considered protective against the severe forms of childhood tuberculosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Time and temperature control following heat treatment is of prime importance to prevent extensive Bacillus cereus growth and/or formation of emetic toxin.[cfs.gov.hk]
  • The isolates were adhered strongly to Caco-2 cells and coaggregated with Escherichia coli MTCC 433 and Listeria monocytogenes MTCC 1143 preventing pathogen invasion into Caco-2 cells in vitro.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Some people use Bacillus coagulans to prevent respiratory infections and ramp up the immune system. It is also used to prevent cancer or the formation of cancer -causing agents.[webmd.com]

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