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Bacterial Hepatitis


Presentation

  • The present study aims to analyze the relation between bacterial infection in patients with CHC, interferon treatment and virulence factors of isolated bacteria.[ejbo.journals.ekb.eg]
  • Isolation and Identification the Causative Agent of Bacterial Hepatitis in the Common Carp Cyprinus carpio (Linnaeus, 1758) Abstract The present study was conducted to isolate and diagnose the bacterial infection of liver of common carp fish, with investigated[iiste.org]
  • The acute forms are temporary, while the chronic forms are long-term and present the most side effects.[natureword.com]
  • In our study, only two patients among the 54 (3.7%) who developed neutropenia during the course of HCV therapy presented bacterial infection.[journals.lww.com]
  • On Admission POA Help "Present On Admission" is defined as present at the time the order for inpatient admission occurs — conditions that develop during an outpatient encounter, including emergency department, observation, or outpatient surgery, are[icd10data.com]
Malaise
  • In the early stages: tiredness, general malaise, slight fever nausea, poor appetite, changes in taste perception pressure or pain below the right ribs caused by an enlarged liver aching muscles and joints, headache, skin rash.[netdoctor.co.uk]
  • Symptoms of hepatitis A range from mild to severe, and can include fever, malaise, loss of appetite, diarrhoea, nausea, abdominal discomfort, dark-coloured urine and jaundice (a yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes).[who.int]
  • However, malaise, anorexia, and fatigue are common, sometimes with low-grade fever and nonspecific upper abdominal discomfort. Jaundice is usually absent.[merckmanuals.com]
  • Typical cases of acute HAV infection are marked by several weeks of malaise, anorexia, nausea, vomiting, and elevated aminotransferase levels. Jaundice develops in more severe cases.[emedicine.medscape.com]
Fishing
  • […] the histopathological changes in effected organs. 102 common carp fish were collected from fish farms located in the area of the Abbasia, Najaf, Iraq, During six month of experimental period extended from 1 st January to 1 st July of 2016.[iiste.org]
  • Theodoropoulou A, Roussomoustakaki M, Michalodimitrakis MN, Kanaki C, Kouroumalis EA (2002) Fatal hepatic abscess caused by a fish bone. Lancet 359: 977 PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar 10.[link.springer.com]
Plethora
  • Combining scientific knowledge with practical concerns, this comprehensive guide provides a plethora of information on the broad class of diseases referred to by the collective term of hepatitis.[books.google.com]
Hypothermia
  • Peritonitis Indications for Testing In a patient with ascites, the presence of new-onset fever (temperature greater than 37.8 C or 100 F), abdominal pain, hepatic encephalopathy, metabolic acidosis, renal failure, hypotension, diarrhea, paralytic ileus, hypothermia[hepatitisc.uw.edu]
Pathologist
  • This particular viewpoint makes the book relevant for scientists from both human and veterinary medicine, gastroenterologists, pathologists, virologists and students of human and veterinary medicine.[books.google.com]
Intestinal Perforation
  • Ascitic fluid carcinoembryonic antigen and alkaline phosphatase levels for the differentiation of primary from secondary bacterial peritonitis with intestinal perforation. J Hepatol. 2001;34:215-21. 25. Lu MLR, Agarwal A, Sloan J, Kosmin A.[hepatitisc.uw.edu]
Anger
  • Hospital Group University, INSERM U 707, Pierre and Marie Curie University, (UPMC-Paris 6), France b East Hospital Group University, University Paris 6, France c Archet Hospital, Nice, France d Grenoble University Hospital, France e Medicine Faculty of Angers[journals.lww.com]
Fear
  • This information not only debunks fearful myths but also provides helpful particulars on how to avoid the risks for contracting hepatitis. James L.[books.google.com]

Workup

Burkholderia Mallei
  • Anthrax Report Form Botulism Report Form Brucellosis Report Form Burkholderia mallei (Glanders) Report Form Burkholderia pseudomallei (Melioidosis) Report Form Clostridium Perfringens (Epsilon Toxin) Report Form Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever (Ebola) Report[health.ri.gov]

Treatment

  • A total of 135 patients (12%) had an infection at baseline, 251 (23%) developed infections during treatment, and 89 (8%) developed infections after treatment, the investigators reported.[mdedge.com]
  • Keywords HCV ; Interferon treatment ; bacterial infection ; Hematological complications Statistics Article View: 195 PDF Download: 321[ejbo.journals.ekb.eg]
  • In recent years, vast progress has been made toward the identification, prevention and treatment of this disease.[books.google.com]
  • Review article: spontaneous bacterial peritonitis--bacteriology, diagnosis, treatment, risk factors and prevention. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2015;41:1116-31. 2. Alaniz C, Regal RE. Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis: a review of treatment options.[hepatitisc.uw.edu]
  • Treating the cause behind ischemic hepatitis is the most efficient form of treatment. 5) Hereditary conditions.[natureword.com]

Prognosis

  • Long-term prognosis of cirrhosis after spontaneous bacterial peritonitis treated with ceftriaxone. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2001;33:295-8. 32. França A, Giordano HM, Sevá-Pereira T, Soares EC.[hepatitisc.uw.edu]
  • Early treatment can improve symptoms, reduce the risk of complications, and also greatly improve your outlook (prognosis).[patient.info]
  • What is the prognosis of viral hepatitis? The prognosis of viral hepatitis for most patients is good; however, this prognosis varies somewhat depending on the infecting virus.[medicinenet.com]
  • Non-invasive test for evaluation of liver disease severity and prognosis . Journal of Hepatology 2015;63:237-264. 2. Liver biopsy . Rockey DC, Caldwell SH, Goodman ZD, Nelson RC, Smith AD. Hepatology 2009; 49(3):1017-44.[aeeh.es]
  • Prognosis is highly variable. Chronic hepatitis caused by a drug often regresses completely when the causative drug is withdrawn.[merckmanuals.com]

Etiology

  • Hepatitis Overview of the Etiologic Agent Viral hepatitis is an acute and/or chronic liver disease caused by several etiologic agents.[sparknotes.com]
  • This volume reviews today’s knowledge about hepatitis with emphasis on comparative aspects between hepatitis in humans and animals, but also between different etiological agents.[books.google.com]
  • "Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis: Background, Pathophysiology, Etiology". Emedicine.medscape.com. N.p., 2016. Web. 25 May 2016. Liou, MD, Iris W.[hepatitisc.net]
  • Unless these tests indicate viral etiology, further testing is required.[merckmanuals.com]
  • Rahimian J, Wilson T, Oram V, Holzman RS (2004) Pyogenic liver abscess: recent trends in etiology and mortality. Clin Infect Dis 39: 1654–1659 PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar 27.[link.springer.com]

Epidemiology

  • Bacterial infections in cirrhosis: epidemiological changes with invasive procedures and norfloxacin prophlaxis. Hepatology. 2002;35:140-8. Garcia-Tsao G.[hepatitisc.uw.edu]
  • Hepatitis delta virus: epidemiology, natural course and treatment. J Infect Dis Ther. 2016 Mar 3. 4(271): [Full Text]. Khuroo MS, Kamili S, Khuroo MS.[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • Romero-Jimenez MJ, Suarez-Lozano I, Fajardo JM, Benavente A, Menchero A, de la Iglesia A (2003) Hepatitis as unique manifestation of Q fever: clinical and epidemiologic characteristics in 109 patients.[link.springer.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • "Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis: Background, Pathophysiology, Etiology". Emedicine.medscape.com. N.p., 2016. Web. 25 May 2016. Liou, MD, Iris W.[hepatitisc.net]
  • Sleisenger and Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease: Pathophysiology/Diagnosis/Management. 10th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2016:chap 79. Updated by: Michael M.[medlineplus.gov]
  • Pathophysiology Hepatitis A The incubation period of hepatitis A virus (HAV) is 15-45 days (average, 4 weeks). The virus is excreted in stool during the first few weeks of infection, before the onset of symptoms.[emedicine.medscape.com]

Prevention

  • The study of viral hepatitis is extensive and will be discussed here only with regards to its transmission and prevention sexually.[sparknotes.com]
  • Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole for the prevention of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in cirrhosis: a randomized trial. Ann Intern Med. 1995;122:595-8. 44. Rolachon A, Cordier L, Bacq Y, et al.[hepatitisc.uw.edu]
  • In recent years, vast progress has been made toward the identification, prevention and treatment of this disease.[books.google.com]
  • Prevention of Hepatitis A Hepatitis A is completely avoidable, since a hepatitis A vaccine exists to prevent it. However, since the vaccine only became recommended for all children in 2006, many people are not vaccinated.[foodborneillness.com]
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2016). Viral Hepatitis. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2016). Hepatitis A Questions and Answers for Health Professionals. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2016).[womenshealth.gov]

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