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Bacterial Infections

Bacterial infection is the invasion of a host organism by pathogenic bacteria, their multiplication and the reaction of the host organism.


Presentation

  • At present, such data are mostly presented as hospital or other aggregate antibiograms, showing antimicrobial susceptibility testing results by bacterial species.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We present these cases to highlight the importance of close surveillance and when appropriate, rapid intervention, following non-ablative fractional procedures, especially when patients present with atypical symptoms and signs. 2015 Wiley Periodicals,[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The differentiation between chronic infectious colitis (IC) and UC with concurrent infection is difficult owing to their similar clinical presentations.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Abstract Two clinical cases of mycotic infections secondary to knee spacers medicated with antibiotics against bacterial infections are presented.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • In all five cases, virus detection enabled the physicians to better understand an otherwise puzzling clinical presentation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Fever
  • Fever myth teaser Q : Does having a fever mean your infection is bacterial rather than viral? A : A fever usually means you have an infection but it doesn't tell you if it's bacterial or viral.[abc.net.au]
  • The last patient had fever of unknown origin. (18)F-FDG PET/CT identified splenic abscesses, which were surgically treated.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Differentiating between the two requires medical intervention since both may cause fever and irritability. And the treatments vary significantly.[dukemedicine.org]
Hypertension
  • Portal hypertensive bleeding and complicated ascites were the commonest reasons of admission. The incidence of proven bacterial infection was 25.6% (60% community acquired and 40% nosocomial).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Red Eye
  • How To Prevent Eye Infections If you are near a person with a red eye, avoid contact around your own eye until you wash your hands first.[allaboutvision.com]

Workup

  • In the three cases described, uncommon infections resulted in further workup and subsequent resection for occult colonic malignancy. Awareness of this association is critical for early diagnosis and management.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • KEYWORDS: chills; fever; rigors; sepsis workup[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Treatment

  • Additionally, controlled clinical trials that directly compared outcomes resulting from rifampin treatment versus treatment without rifampin were limited.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Based upon post-treatment cultures, 72 of 82 strains of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria were eradicated or suppressed following treatment with either norfloxacin or chloramphenicol.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • CONCLUSIONS: Continuous treatment with rifaximin may prevent bacterial infections in cirrhotic patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Bacteria can survive antibiotic treatment if they are resistant or tolerant to a drug.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Abstract Several studies now support outpatient treatment of many serious bacterial infections in children, such as periorbital or buccal cellulitis, urinary tract infection, pneumonia, and abscess.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prognosis

  • BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to determine the specific role of different types of bacterial infections (BIs) on the prognosis of cirrhotic patients with acute decompensation (AD).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • A few patients have been reported as atypical HV with systemic involvement, development of lymphoma, and poor prognosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • OBJECTIVE: Bacterial infections are a leading factor in the progression from compensated to decompensated cirrhosis, with consequent worsening of the prognosis, and concerted efforts have been made to reduce infections and improve the survival rate of[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Prognosis Prognosis in infancy and early childhood is poor, in particular if the disease is not known to parents and physicians.[orpha.net]

Etiology

  • In relation to major clinical symptoms of respiratory tract infections (cough, sore throat, stuffy nose, and signs of sinusitis), AUCs varied between 0.88 and 0.93 in those patients with likely etiology (i.e., etiology is likely determined) of infection[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • METHODS: We analyzed the Pediatric Heart Transplant Study database of patients transplanted between 1993 and 2014 to determine the etiologies, risk factors and outcomes of children with bacterial infections post-heart transplantation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • : by recall / by precision Prognosis: by recall / by precision Subheadings: complications / diagnosis / embryology / epidemiology / etiology / metabolism / microbiology / surgery / therapy Browse - New search Clinical Trials for "Bacterial Infections"[hon.ch]
  • Therefore, identification of the etiologic agent and antimicrobial susceptibility testing should be practiced to select the appropriate antimicrobial agent to treat eye infections and prevent the emergence of drug resistant bacteria.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Discuss the bacterial etiologies of cellulitis and erysipelas. Recognize clinical patterns and risk factors that suggest methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA).[aad.org]

Epidemiology

  • However, data describing the epidemiology and outcomes of these infections in children are limited.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Empirical antibiotic regimens need to reflect the epidemiology of most likely causative bacteria, type of infection and patient risk factors. Summary data from relevant isolates in similar patients help to identify appropriate empirical regimens.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Most parts of the world have witnessed a shift in epidemiology toward Gram-negative bacteria; a large proportion of which are resistant to fluoroquinolones, extended-spectrum beta-lactams, carbapenems, and in some units even colistin.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Abstract To illustrate diagnostic approaches, potential pathogenetic differences, epidemiological implications and therapeutic dilemmas posed by glomerulonephritis (GN) with acute renal failure (ARF) complicating bacterial infections, we analyzed the[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Consult HON's world-wide database of medical meetings Browse - New search Refine the search for "Bacterial Infections" Subheadings: complications / diagnosis / embryology / epidemiology / etiology / metabolism / microbiology / surgery / therapy Broader[hon.ch]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Despite the differences in pathophysiology, assumptions about respiratory tract infections in patients with PCD are often extrapolated from cystic fibrosis (CF) airway microbiology.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • With increasing understanding of the biology and pathophysiology of S. aureus, this article highlights how this knowledge has led to the design principles of an efficacious AAC, and discusses how the AAC platform could be translationally applied to treat[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prevention

  • We report a facile, effective means of coating devices with niclosamide to both clear and prevent biofilm formation of common bacteria encountered in hospital-acquired and device-associated infections.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • CONCLUSIONS: Continuous treatment with rifaximin may prevent bacterial infections in cirrhotic patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Twenty-four-hour prospective culture was felt to be insufficiently preventive after multiple TTBIs occurred and strategies to improve safety were sought.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The list will be used to further assess risks and determine appropriate preventive measures.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Prevention Of Bacterial Infection There are many steps you can take to help prevent infection from bacteria. Practice good hygiene, such as frequent hand washing. Fortify your immune system with healthy foods such as fruits and vegetables.[sharecare.com]

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Last updated: 2018-06-22 04:50