Bacterial vaginosis, abbreviated as BV is a type of inflammatory disease of the vagina caused due to bacterial infection.
In the initial stages, BV presents with mild signs and symptoms that are often overlooked by affected women. However, in the later stages the symptoms take a severe turn causing great discomfort. The following are the various signs and symptoms of bacterial vaginosis :
Past medical history of the woman is normally taken at the preliminary level of investigation. This would be followed by various diagnostic procedures which include:
It is advised to all affected women that they religiously complete the antibiotic course to prevent the recurrence of bacterial vaginosis. Affected women are more likely to suffer from recurrent bouts of BV after 3 months.
Prognosis of the condition is usually favorable with prompt initiation of treatment. However, women are advised to follow certain steps to prevent the recurrence of bacterial vaginosis. It has been seen that women who could successfully get rid of the condition, are found to experience signs and symptoms of BV after 3 months.
Bacterial vaginosis may not be a life threatening condition. It can however lead to several debilitating complications if the condition is not promptly treated. The following are the several signs and symptoms of bacterial vaginosis.
The exact cause behind development of BV is not understood. However, researchers believe that certain activities such as frequent douching or having unprotected sex with multiple partners can disrupt the natural bacterial balance of the vagina paving way for bacterial vaginosis.
Women in the age group of 15 to 44 years are likely candidates of bacterial vaginosis. BV is a common condition affecting about 1 in every 3 women in the reproductive age group .
Certain groups of bacteria are normal inhabitants of the vagina. The vagina normally consists of 2 types of bacteria: lactobacilli (good bacteria) and anaerobes (bad bacteria). When there is excessive growth of anaerobes the natural balance of the vagina gets disrupted giving rise to an array of unpleasant symptoms. Such a phenomenon causes bacterial vaginosis to develop .
It is necessary to prevent the development of bacterial vaginosis as it can give rise to various other secondary complications. The following measures can be adopted to keep BV at bay.
Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is caused due to overgrowth of the bacteria which are normal inhabitants of the vagina. Due to such a situation, the natural balance of the bacteria in the vagina is greatly disturbed leading to development of bacterial vaginosis . What triggers bacterial over growth is yet to be figured out; however certain activities are known to give rise to such a condition. Women who are in their reproductive years fall prey to BV.
Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is characterized by inflammation of the vagina due to bacterial overgrowth. It is common in women in the reproductive age group. It has been estimated that 1 in every 3 women would suffer from bacterial vaginosis at least once in their life time. The condition can be successfully treated with a strong antibiotic course.
The exact factor that causes bacterial overgrowth is not known. However, it is thought that certain activities such as frequent douching and having multiple sexual partners can predispose women to contract this condition .
BV presents with mild symptoms that often go unnoticed. In later stages, women experience vaginal itching, foul smell from vaginal discharge, and color of the discharge changes to white or grey and appear thin or watery.
Diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis consists of physical examination of the genital region. It is also necessary to carefully examine the pelvic region to determine presence of unusual characteristics. Sample of vaginal secretions are also tested for bacterial overgrowth. In addition, pH of the vagina is also measured using pH strips. A vaginal pH of 4.5 or above, confirms the presence of bacterial vaginosis.
A strong antibiotic regime for a specified period is recommended for treating bacterial vaginosis. In addition to oral pills, affected women are also administered topical agents such as antibiotic creams or gels to be applied on the affected area .