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Balantidium Coli


Presentation

  • Specific antibiotic treatment is efficacious, and it is important to consider the risk of this parasitic disease in susceptible patients presenting with bloody diarrhoea.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The authors present two cases of dysentery caused by Balantidium coli with numerous colonic ulcers, documented by colonoscopy and diagnosed by endoscopic biopsies.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • In the present study, the prevalence of B. coli in pigs was investigated in Hunan province, subtropical China, between January 2012 and August 2014.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The patient was a 60-year-old immunocompetent man presenting with quadriplegia of short duration. Magnetic resonance imaging of the cervical spine showed extradural and prevertebral abscess at the C3-4 level.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We present a case of parasitologically diagnosed as causes of diarrhea in a patient with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma from Turkey.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Sepsis
  • Fatal cases of balantidiosis have also been associated with sepsis secondary to intestinal disease ( 51, 58 ).[doi.org]
Chronic Infection
  • The following three clinical manifestations of balantidiosis can occur ( 71 ): (i) asymptomatic hosts who are carriers of disease and serve as reservoirs of infection in the community; (ii) chronic infection that presents with nonbloody diarrhea, cramping[doi.org]
Cough
  • We reported that the first case of pneumonia caused by B. coli in Korea in an immunocompetent 40-year-old woman who displayed symptoms of chest discomfort and cough, and was cured with metronidazole.[synapse.koreamed.org]
  • Computerized tomography scans and X-rays showed lung lesions in a 58-year-old woman (Greece) with leukemia who also suffered weight loss, weakness, abdominal cramps, and a cough.[doi.org]
Aspiration
  • […] portal circuit) or lymphatic systems ( 3, 9, 70 ), perforation of the colon and spread through the peritoneal cavity ( 70 ), invasion of the lungs across the diaphragm ( 58 ), and colonization of the nasopharynx with spread to the lungs, resulting from aspiration[doi.org]
Acute Diarrhea
  • A 54-year-old alcoholic pork butcher (France) with acute diarrhea suffered colonic perforation but recovered after doxycycline treatment and colectomy ( 20 ).[doi.org]
Abdominal Cramps
  • Computerized tomography scans and X-rays showed lung lesions in a 58-year-old woman (Greece) with leukemia who also suffered weight loss, weakness, abdominal cramps, and a cough.[doi.org]
Chronic Diarrhea
  • A significantly larger proportion of animals with chronic diarrhea harbored pathogenic bacteria ( Campylobacter spp., Shigella flexneri, and Yersinia enterocolitica ) than those without diarrhea.[doi.org]
Halitosis
  • […] following three clinical manifestations of balantidiosis can occur ( 71 ): (i) asymptomatic hosts who are carriers of disease and serve as reservoirs of infection in the community; (ii) chronic infection that presents with nonbloody diarrhea, cramping, halitosis[doi.org]
Neglect
  • Human B. coli infections are easily treated but may be severe and even fatal if neglected.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Human B. coli infections are easily treated but may be severe and even fatal if neglected. Contributeur : Anne-Pauline Bellanger Soumis le : jeudi 27 juin 2013 - 09:46:58 Dernière modification le : mercredi 5 septembre 2018 - 17:04:02[hal.archives-ouvertes.fr]
  • Balantidium is an often-neglected pathogen. Research on Balantidium has been sparse. In the present study, we devised in vitro techniques for cultivation and maintenance of B. coli that are easy and cost-effective.[ijhas.in]
  • Balantidium is an often-neglected pathogen. Research on Balantidium has been sparse.[doi.org]
Cervical Cord Compression
  • The authors describe a case of vertebral osteomyelitis with secondary cervical cord compression caused by B. coli. The patient was a 60-year-old immunocompetent man presenting with quadriplegia of short duration.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The authors describe a case of vertebral osteomyelitis with secondary cervical cord compression caused by B. coli . The patient was a 60-year-old immunocompetent man presenting with quadriplegia of short duration.[thejns.org]
Quadriplegia
  • The patient was a 60-year-old immunocompetent man presenting with quadriplegia of short duration. Magnetic resonance imaging of the cervical spine showed extradural and prevertebral abscess at the C3-4 level.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The patient was a 60-year-old immunocompetent man presenting with quadriplegia of short duration. Magnetic resonance imaging of the cervical spine showed extradural and prevertebral abscess at the C3–4 level.[thejns.org]
Agitation
  • Trophic ciliates, however, did not survive agitation in attempts at manometric studies. Biphasic media in tubes were often used with an agar, inspissated egg yolk, or serum butt overlaid with nutrient medium.[doi.org]
Lethargy
  • A Barbary sheep (Korea) from a zoological park died after showing signs of emaciation, lethargy, and weakness ( 9 ). At autopsy, B. coli was found in the gastric lymph ducts and in the submucosa of the abomasum of the animal.[doi.org]

Workup

Pseudomonas
  • To report a rare case of polymicrobial keratitis due to Balantidium coli and gram-negative bacteria, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Klebsiella pneumoniae, in a soft contact lens (CL) wearer.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • PURPOSE:To report a rare case of polymicrobial keratitis due to Balantidium coli and gram-negative bacteria, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Klebsiella pneumoniae, in a soft contact lens (CL) wearer.[pubpharm.de]

Treatment

  • Treatment with topical antibiotics may not suffice, and the intravenous route of antiprotozoal drugs may be a useful adjunct. Increasing awareness, early diagnosis, and treatment may improve the final visual outcome.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Specific antibiotic treatment is efficacious, and it is important to consider the risk of this parasitic disease in susceptible patients presenting with bloody diarrhoea.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Complete resolution was observed after intravenous rehydration and ten days of oral treatment with metronidazole (Flagyl ). Balantidium coli is the largest ciliate protozoan able to infect humans.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States or a currently accepted medical use with severe restrictions.[drugs.com]
  • This collection of symptoms is Balantidiasis, which can be treated effectively with antibiotics and can be prevented with proper hand washing practices, water treatment, separation of human and swine habitats, and proper waste disposal.[stanford.edu]

Prognosis

  • Prognosis In the antibiotic era, severe balantidiasis carries an improved prognosis, and most affected patients now recover.[emedicine.medscape.com]

Etiology

  • In order to find out the causative etiologic agent of diarrhea, stool samples were examined by native, lugol and flotation methods and we detected moving trophozoites, which were approximately 60 microm long and 35 microm wide.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • To broaden information about those etiological agents in captive animals in Brazil, gastrointestinal parasites in captive NHP were researched in nurturing Centers of Rio de Janeiro State.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Other factors must be taken into account, such as (i) host factors, including resistance and/or possible immunity; and (ii) the etiologic agent itself and its ability to invade host tissues.[doi.org]

Epidemiology

  • Epidemiological control and treatment are similar to those of E. histolytica .[facstaff.cbu.edu]
  • […] and micronucleus; cysts are usually 50-55 µm in diameter SECTION II - HEALTH HAZARD PATHOGENICITY: Infection of colon characterized by diarrhea or dysentery; accompanied by abdominal colic, tenesmus, nausea, and vomiting with bloody and mucoid stools EPIDEMIOLOGY[msdsonline.com]
  • Epidemiology Balantidiasis in humans is common in the Philippines, but it can be found anywhere in the world, especially among those that are in close contact with swine.[monsterologist.blogspot.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Pathophysiology B coli exists as a trophozoite and a cyst and usually affects the large intestine, from the caecum to the rectum. The trophozoites replicate by binary fission and conjugation, and they subsist on bacteria.[emedicine.medscape.com]

Prevention

  • This collection of symptoms is Balantidiasis, which can be treated effectively with antibiotics and can be prevented with proper hand washing practices, water treatment, separation of human and swine habitats, and proper waste disposal.[stanford.edu]
  • […] monkeys, guinea pigs, rats (cecum and colon) cyst ingested in contaminated food and water dairrhea, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, loss of weight, ulcerated colon and cecum identification of parasite in feces carbarsone, diiodohydroxyquin, tetracycline prevent[quizlet.com]
  • In a Gorilla gorilla - Gorilla , a retaining enema of two grams of tetracycline plus two grams of iodoquinol suspended in 1,500 g of physiological saline was used successfully. ( B214 .3.1.w18) Prevention It is important to sterilise the environment to[wildpro.twycrosszoo.org]
  • Balantidiasis infections can be prevented by following proper hygiene practices. Do not use human feces as fertilizer in agriculture. Wash your hands after going to the toilet and before meal. Only drink pure water.[parasitesinhumans.org]

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