Edit concept Question Editor Create issue ticket

Barbiturate Abuse


Presentation

  • Presents detailed discussions of common diseases, as well as highlights of more rare diseases and their unique features that could be of importance in the perioperative period.[books.google.com]
  • Barbiturates are both physically and psychologically addicting and present a problem for substance abusers who seek a downer effect on mood and body.[avalonmalibu.com]
  • You will be asked if you drink alcohol or use drugs at present or in the past. Healthcare providers will ask you if you want to hurt or kill yourself or others. How you answer these questions can help healthcare providers decide on treatment.[drugs.com]
  • Effects of Barbiturate Abuse People who are abusing barbiturates will exhibit signs that are similar in presentation to someone who is intoxicated by alcohol.[drugabuse.com]
  • Since barbiturates dampen some of the functions of the central nervous system and disrupt brain chemistry, when these drugs are suddenly not present after dependence has formed, the body can experience a rebound.[oxfordtreatment.com]
Falling
  • Phenobarbitone and Pentobarbitone is used in some cases of epilepsy Sedation and hypnosis to calm the patient and induce sleep Signs of Barbiturate Abuse Some of the signs that can be observed when someone is addicted to this class of drugs includes: constant falling[castlecraig.co.uk]
  • At even higher does, the user may fall into a coma; could possibly stop breathing and death is highly likely.[neaddictions.com]
  • Lack of coordination (users may fall over frequently). Confusion. Effects of Barbiturate Abuse People who are abusing barbiturates will exhibit signs that are similar in presentation to someone who is intoxicated by alcohol.[drugabuse.com]
  • They fall under the classification of sedative-hypnotics and are generally used to treat anxiety, insomnia, and seizures.[axistreatmentwest.com]
  • Complications of an overdose include: Coma Death Head injury and concussion from falls when intoxicated Miscarriage in pregnant women or damage to the developing baby in the womb Neck and spinal injury and paralysis from falls when intoxicated Pneumonia[medlineplus.gov]
Fatigue
  • With long term use there is risk of developing extreme mood swings, bouts of depression, impaired memory, erratic sleep schedules, insomnia, intense weakness and fatigue.[castlecraig.co.uk]
  • Respiratory depression, hypotension, fatigue, irritability, sedation, confusion and unusual excitement are all possible effects and repercussions of using barbiturates.[avalonmalibu.com]
  • Quitting the use of barbiturates can result in harmful and painful barbiturate withdrawal including: Tremors Difficulty sleeping Agitation Hallucinations Fever Fatigue Seizures Barbiturates are addictive and have life-threatening effects in even small[gallusdetox.com]
Hypothermia
  • In addition, with an overdose, a person may suffer from hypothermia, hypotension, and respiratory depression. Chronic Symptoms Continued substance abuse causes chronic problems.[lasencinashospital.com]
  • The most common physical exam findings seen in a barbiturate overdose are: Low body temperature (hypothermia) Low blood pressure (hypotension) Decreased breathing rate (respiratory depression) Treatment Most overdoses of depressant medications are mixtures[aycnp.org]
  • It acts on thermoregulatory centres, causing hypothermia. The action of barbiturates is enhanced in association with analgesics, psycholeptics and ethyl alcohol.[thefreelibrary.com]
Nightmare
  • Between days three and eight, many people go through hallucinations, nightmares, insomnia, shortness of breath, and rapid heartbeats. Your medical professionals need to help you through this period, which usually lasts less than eight days.[crchealth.com]
  • Because barbiturates decrease rapid eye movement during sleep, during which dreaming takes place, withdrawal can results in sleep disruptions such as nightmares, insomnia or vivid dreaming.[castlecraig.co.uk]
  • Given the circumstances, the intensity and frequency of dreams and nightmares increase resulting ultimately in extreme anxiety, with greater visibility than the ordinary insomnia that initially required the administered narcotic drug.[thefreelibrary.com]
Chills
  • Withdrawal symptoms from barbiturates include excessive sweating, irritability, nausea, vomiting, restlessness, sleepiness, fever, chills, tremors, low blood pressure, irregular heartbeat, hallucinations, suicidal thoughts, depression and anxiety, and[deserthopetreatment.com]
Chest Pain
  • Some Side Effects of Barbiturates are: Light-headedness Dizziness Drowsiness Clumsiness Depression Confusion More Unpleasant Effects of Barbiturates Include: Bleeding sores on the lips Wheezing Chest pain and tightness Fever Muscle or joint pain Bloated[avalonmalibu.com]
Muscle Weakness
  • Additional withdrawal symptoms from barbiturates include insomnia, irritability, anxiety, depression, restlessness, abdominal cramps, muscle weakness, apprehension, nausea and vomiting, and drug cravings.[oxfordtreatment.com]
  • weakness and aches Difficulty feeling pleasure without the drug Increased suicidal ideations Psychosis and delirium Drug cravings Withdrawal symptoms can start within a day or two after the last dose, depending on how long the drug remains active in[townsendla.com]
Delusion
  • Cognitive and psychological effects : These effects include disorientation, confusion, slowed thinking, issues with memory, mood swings, issues with anxiety, depression, suicidal thoughts, and the presence of hallucinations or delusions.[deserthopetreatment.com]
  • ., hallucinations or delusions) Long-term use or abuse of barbiturates may result in: Respiratory issues, including bronchitis or pneumonia Issues with control over body movements Cardiac issues Liver and/or kidney damage Sexual disorders Cognitive issues[lagunatreatment.com]
Slurred Speech
  • It develops slurred speech and confused mind. ? If a person has taken high doses and is unable to be aroused (coma), then there is a possibility of stopping the breath involuntarily. ? Barbiturates are addictive.[streetdirectory.com]
  • If you are concerned that you or a loved one may be dealing with an addiction to barbiturates, be aware of these signs that may occur: Lack of motor coordination Shallow breathing Sleepiness Slurred Speech Sedation Decreased anxiety Inability to make[addictionhope.com]
  • If someone has taken too much barbiturate, the symptoms they display are quite striking and include: Difficulty thinking Poor judgment Slow and shallow breathing Slow or slurred speech Lethargy Extreme sleepiness or even unconsciousness Poor coordination[casarecovery.com]
  • Overdose symptoms include confusion, slurred speech, drowsiness, and fatigue and may even result in coma or death. If the drug is stopped suddenly, there is a high risk for withdrawal symptoms, which are very uncomfortable and even painful.[thegooddrugsguide.com]
  • Short term effects of barbiturates include: slurred speech, shallow breathing, sluggishness, fatigue, disorientation, lack of coordination, dilated pupils, impaired judgment, irritability, mild euphoria, lack of inhibition and drowsiness.[castlecraig.co.uk]
Confusion
  • Respiratory depression, hypotension, fatigue, irritability, sedation, confusion and unusual excitement are all possible effects and repercussions of using barbiturates.[avalonmalibu.com]
  • Patients may slur their words, stagger or become confused. Chronic use can cause irritability, memory loss, and difficulty dealing with people.[samadimd.com]
  • It develops slurred speech and confused mind. ? If a person has taken high doses and is unable to be aroused (coma), then there is a possibility of stopping the breath involuntarily. ? Barbiturates are addictive.[streetdirectory.com]
  • In larger amounts, speech difficulties, confusion, poor decision making and staggering can result.[rehabthailand.com]
Ataxia
  • They also cause drowsiness, slurred speech, ataxia, decreased anxiety and a loss of inhibitions. The danger of abusing barbiturates is respiratory depression, which can cause breathing to slow and stop altogether.[treatment4addiction.com]
  • […] ago, Willcox (1913), reading a paper at the seventeenth International Congress of Medicine on the "veronal habit" described how this drug taken in repeated small doses could lead to chronic veronal poisoning characterized by features such as tremor, ataxia[unodc.org]
Slow Speech
  • If your loved one has inappropriately used barbiturates, he or she may display poor judgment, slow speech, and slurred speech. He or she may move differently because of sluggishness and problems with coordination.[lasencinashospital.com]
Clumsiness
  • Some Side Effects of Barbiturates are: Light-headedness Dizziness Drowsiness Clumsiness Depression Confusion More Unpleasant Effects of Barbiturates Include: Bleeding sores on the lips Wheezing Chest pain and tightness Fever Muscle or joint pain Bloated[avalonmalibu.com]

Treatment

  • What Types Of Addiction Treatment Programs Are Offered For Abuse Of Barbiturates? A wide variety of treatment programs are offered for abuse of barbiturates.[sfrc.net]
  • Read more about our Detox Program Residential Treatment Our drug and alcohol residential treatment programs focus on individualized client care. The intensive multidisciplinary approach uses the advantages of all types of clinical care.[justbelieverecovery.com]
  • After formal treatments ends, you will probably remain in counseling and attend support meetings. Residential treatment usually produces better outcomes than outpatient care.[crchealth.com]
  • Medical Treatment The treatment of barbiturate abuse or overdose is generally supportive. The amount of support required depends on the person’s symptoms.[webmd.com]
  • Northeast Addictions Treatment Center - Author Northeast Addictions Treatment Center is a Drug and Alcohol Addiction Treatment Center in Quincy, Massachusetts.[neaddictions.com]

Prognosis

  • A person's outcome, also called prognosis, after abusing barbiturates depends on a number of factors.[emedicinehealth.com]
  • Outlook (Prognosis) For barbiturate overdose or mixture overdose, the death rate is about 10%, and can be higher if proper treatment is not readily given. Early deaths result from cardiovascular collapse and respiratory arrest.[aycnp.org]
  • If that is so the prognosis would be naturally very poor.[unodc.org]

Etiology

  • Radel (1), the authors of Medical Sociology argue that "undoubtedly, there is no etiology for addiction, but there is still a number of factors that often coexist".[thefreelibrary.com]

Epidemiology

  • Epidemiological aspects are discussed as well as pharmacological treatment possibilities where applicable.[books.google.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Marschall, remains your go-to reference for concise, thorough coverage of pathophysiology of the most common diseases and their medical management relevant to anesthesia.[books.google.com]

Prevention

  • During treatment, you’ll learn about the root cause of your addiction, how to prevent relapse, and ways you can enjoy a healthy, drug-free life.[detoxtorehab.com]
  • Doing so can prevent some of the more severe and/or life-threatening side effects from occurring.[drugabuse.com]
  • Relapse prevention has been found to be most effective when it involves several individuals from various parts of the addicted individual's life.[emedicinehealth.com]
  • Depressants will put you to sleep, relieve anxiety and muscle spasms, and prevent seizures.[streetdrugs.org]

Ask Question

5000 Characters left Format the text using: # Heading, **bold**, _italic_. HTML code is not allowed.
By publishing this question you agree to the TOS and Privacy policy.
• Use a precise title for your question.
• Ask a specific question and provide age, sex, symptoms, type and duration of treatment.
• Respect your own and other people's privacy, never post full names or contact information.
• Inappropriate questions will be deleted.
• In urgent cases contact a physician, visit a hospital or call an emergency service!