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Bed Bug Infestation

Bed Bugs


Presentation

  • If you are seeing these spots it may be an indicator of bed bug activity or a potential for Bed Bugs being present. As well discarded nymph casings and dark blackish fecal matter may also be present.[winnipeg.ca]
  • Bed bugs live in any articles of furniture, clothing, or bedding, so they or their eggs may be present in used furniture or clothing.[medicinenet.com]
  • Finding no insects identified as bed bugs does not mean that bed bugs are not present. It can mean that the inspection was inadequate, or that bed bugs are present but so few in number that the inspector missed them.[dph.illinois.gov]
  • Patients exposed to numerous bed bugs can present with a widespread erythematous rash or urticaria. Bullous eruptions are not uncommon and anaphylaxis has been reported, albeit rarely.[racgp.org.au]
  • One option is to run an object with a sharp edge (such as a credit card) past these areas to disturb any bugs that may be present. If you suspect bed bugs are present in the workplace, report this to your supervisor.[ccohs.ca]
Disability
  • If you are a low income tenant, or if you are receiving Ontario Works or the Ontario Disability Support Program (ODSP), please call 3-1-1, select your language, then '4' for Social Services. Receive Email Updates...[ottawapublichealth.ca]
  • Penn State is an equal opportunity, affirmative action employer, and is committed to providing employment opportunities to minorities, women, veterans, individuals with disabilities, and other protected groups. Nondiscrimination .[ento.psu.edu]
  • Phone: 1-888-332-3234 www.ltb.gov.on.ca Hamilton Housing Help Centre If you are low-income and unable to prepare your home for bed bug treatment due to a disability, you may qualify for help.[hamilton.ca]
  • But, you can use the cold treatment to disable bed bugs until you decide what to do with the object.[extension.umn.edu]
  • In addition to these direct effects, bed bug infestations prevent homebound patients—especially senior citizens and disabled individuals—from receiving care, as many home-care providers are reluctant to enter infested houses ( 10, 11 ).[pnas.org]
Pallor
  • It was also stated that chronic bed bug infestations can cause “nervousness, lethargy, pallor and diarrhea” ( 287 ); however, it is not clear if these symptoms are due to the bed bug bites or the mental trauma associated with having an infestation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Animal Bite
  • The bugs usually come out at night to feed on the blood of people and animals, biting their victims as they sleep. How can infestation occur? Bed bugs move very quickly and can travel through hallways, plumbing, and electrical lines.[ccohs.ca]
Agent Orange
  • Army used Agent Orange and other defoliants. But one other thing they tried to do was to create a detector that used an animal. They began looking at insects that were already attracted to humans because they eat blood.[smithsonianmag.com]
Hearing Impairment
  • ., Springfield, IL 62761, 217-782-5830, TTY (hearing-impaired use only) 800-547-0466.[dph.illinois.gov]
Small Eyes
  • They are roughly the size of a ladybug, with small eyes and a large antennae. They can not fly, but move quickly over floors, walls, ceilings and other surfaces. The most common type of bedbug that bites human is the Cimex Lectularius .[sandiegocounty.gov]
  • They have flat bodies, antennae and small eyes. Check out these photos . They are visible to the naked eye, but often hide in cracks and crevices.[consumer.ftc.gov]
Pruritus
  • Due to the strong pruritus eczematous lesions, bacterial infections may occur, although this is extremely rare. There are case reports of systemic reactions such as anaphylaxis and asthma, although these are uncommon.[bjmp.org]
  • Although hepatitis or human immunodeficiency virus is not effectively transmitted by the bedbug, pruritus and the fear and perceived violation of an infestation can be debilitating.[u.osu.edu]
Eczema
  • Bites on the skin are not always a good indicator of a bed bug infestation because bed bug bites can look like bites from other insects (such as mosquitoes or chiggers), rashes (such as eczema or fungal infections), or even hives.[allencountyhealth.com]
Night Sweats
  • Since last June I've had diarrhea , elevated blood pressure , night sweats and blood in my urine ( hematuria ).[medicinenet.com]
Hematuria
  • Since last June I've had diarrhea , elevated blood pressure , night sweats and blood in my urine ( hematuria ).[medicinenet.com]
Tingling
  • Later in the day after more scratching, burning, and irritability, I would get headaches with nauseous feelings and areas of my body would tingle, twitch, and go numb. I never had this feeling before the bites started.[medicinenet.com]

Treatment

  • In some cases chemical treatments are used when there is not a bed bug problem.[bouldercounty.org]
  • Top of Page Prepare for Treatment Jumping straight into control is tempting, but won't work. Preparing for treatment is essential to getting successful control.[epa.gov]
  • Prepare your home before pest control treatment Review the 3 steps below to help prepare for treatment.[hamilton.ca]
  • You can discuss bed bug treatment options with your licensed pest management technician. Non-chemical treatments These are safe and effective in reducing bed bug numbers prior to insecticide treatment.[healthywa.wa.gov.au]
  • At the end of the treatment the room should be well ventilated and re-entry periods observed. A follow up treatment visit should be conducted in about a week, to allow for hatching of eggs, and pesticide re-applied where necessary.[www2.health.vic.gov.au]

Prognosis

  • What Is the Prognosis for Bedbug Bites? The prognosis for bedbug bites is excellent.[emedicinehealth.com]
  • What is the prognosis for Chagas disease? In general, the prognosis for people who do not develop the chronic phase of Chagas disease is usually good.[medicinenet.com]

Etiology

  • Bed bugs are competent vectors of Trypanosoma cruzi ( 13, 14 ) and Bartonella quintana ( 15 ), the etiological agents of Chagas disease and trench fever, respectively.[pnas.org]
  • Within the insect order Hemiptera, to which bed bugs belong, the triatomine bugs from the family Reduviidae are known to transmit Trypanosoma cruzi , the etiological agent of Chagas' disease ( 169 ).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Epidemiology

  • Epidemiology In the past, bed bugs were particularly an affliction of the poor.[bjmp.org]
  • Zprávy epidemiológie a mikrobiológie (Epidemiology and microbiology news) 2009; 18: 17–18 [in Czech]. 29. Jírovec O, Jíra J. Parasitologie pro lékaře. Praha, Avicenum; 1977 [in Czech]. 30. Thomas S, Wrobel MJ, Brown J.[aaem.pl]
  • The epidemiological link between bed bugs and HBV in these cases is by inference only. Following the initial epidemiological investigation in the Gambia, an intervention program to manage the bed bugs was implemented ( 199 ).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Chagas was the first scientist to discover all aspects of a new infectious disease: its pathogen ( T. cruzi ), main insect vector ( Triatominae, Triatoma genus, or kissing bugs), hosts (humans, mammals), clinical manifestations, and epidemiology.[medicinenet.com]
  • Whether or not bed bugs currently are, or will become, epidemiologically relevant in the transmission of infectious agents remains unknown. The optimal political response to the bed bug epidemic has yet to be determined.[pnas.org]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Prevention

  • How do you prevent bed bug infestation? The best way to prevent bed bugs is regular inspection for the signs of an infestation. Be careful when buying used furniture. Inspect each item carefully and wash/clean before use.[ccohs.ca]
  • Preventing Bed Bug Infestations The best way to control bed bugs is to prevent them from entering your home. Here's how: Inspect secondhand furniture, beds, and couches for signs of bed bug infestation before bringing them home.[consumer.ftc.gov]
  • Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services Bed Bug Prevention Methods - Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services Bed Bug Prevention, Detection and Control - Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Traveler Q & A: Preventing bed bugs[npic.orst.edu]
  • References Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. “Joint statement on bed bug control in the United States from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the U.S.[aad.org]
  • Is It Possible to Prevent Bedbug Bites? The best preventive measure against bedbug bites is to avoid situations that may give rise to bedbug infestations.[emedicinehealth.com]

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