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Benign Breast Tumor

Mammary Polyadenomatosis


Presentation

  • A substantial amount of 9-cis beta-carotene was present in adipose tissue and was the only carotenoid that had a significantly lower level in benign breast tumor patients than in breast cancer patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • BACKGROUND: In the present study, we investigated the plasma levels of M-CSF and commonly accepted tumor marker (antigen CA 15-3) in breast cancer patients in relation to the group with benign breast tumor and to the healthy controls.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Most all of texture parameters present significant difference between malignant and benign tumors with p-value of less than 0.05 except the average of fractal dimension.[proceedings.spiedigitallibrary.org]
  • The classifier’s performance is evaluated by the selection of ‘present’ or ‘not present’ conditions of features [ 2, 3 ].[alliedacademies.org]
  • To examine nipple discharge, a small amount of the fluid is placed on glass slides under a microscope to determine if cancer cells are present. « Previous 1 2 3 Next »[imaginis.com]
Liver Dysfunction
  • Patients for whom EABS was contraindicated included patients with severe comorbid conditions, such as heart disease, renal failure, liver dysfunction, and poor performance status as assessed by the primary physicians.[wjso.biomedcentral.com]

Workup

  • Further workup strategy: if there is a single malignant feature: consider biopsy if there are no malignant features: then look for benign features if there are no malignant features or any benign features: indeterminate lesion, consider biopsy look at[radiopaedia.org]

Treatment

  • Because no incision is made or scalpel used, laser treatment generally leaves only minimal scars. • Natural shape and feel maintained. There is no “dimpling” with laser treatment because unlike a lumpectomy, the procedure does not remove tissue.[novianhealth.com]
  • Conventional fibroadenoma treatment includes close monitoring for changes or growth, or surgical excision to remove breast fibroadenomas. However, a novel, FDA approved treatment called cryoablation offers many women an alternative option.[breastlink.com]
  • Oil cysts can be diagnosed by fine needle aspiration, which also serves as a treatment.[imaginis.com]
  • Patients with metastatic cancer undergoing therapy had lower S-VEGF than those who had symptomatic treatment only (P 0.021).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Abstract: Cryoablation is a well established, FDA approved, minimally invasive treatment modality for fibroadenomas. Additionally, several pilot studies have shown its success in the treatment of small breast cancers.[interventionaloncology360.com]

Prognosis

  • Recently, increased serum concentrations of VEGF (S-VEGF) have been reported in patients with various types of cancer, and high S-VEGF levels have also been associated with unfavorable prognosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Prognosis: Women with fibroadenoma have a slightly higher risk of breast cancer later in life.[chattahoocheesurgical.com]
  • Overall, benign tumors respond well to treatment and the prognosis is usually favorable.[thetruthaboutcancer.com]
  • Conclusions Phyllodes tumors are a heterogeneous tumor group whose prognosis is difficult to define. The prognosis depends on the histological and biological characteristics of the tumors.[medichub.ro]

Etiology

  • The detection of high-oncogenic HPV genotypes in patients with breast cancer supports the hypothesis of an etiologic role for the virus in breast cancer development.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Breast Lump Types There are four types of breast lumps, classified by their cause, or etiology: Fibroadenoma—a type of benign mass that occurs most often in young women. It is usually very mobile.[maurerfoundation.org]
  • The most common etiology of spontaneous nipple discharge is an intraductal papilloma or papillomas. These are benign lesions.[glowm.com]
  • (Etiology) The cause of most Benign Breast Lumps is unknown. However, they are believed to develop, as a result of reproductive hormonal abnormalities It has been found that increased estrogen levels increase the risk of developing breast lumps.[dovemed.com]
  • Sarcoidosis is a benign granulomatous systemic condition of unknown etiology that can secondarily affect the breast in 46 in patients with active systemic disease.[appliedradiology.com]

Epidemiology

  • To estimate relative risks, we compared the number of observed breast cancers with the number expected on the basis of the rates of breast cancer in the Iowa Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results registry.[nejm.org]
  • […] is recommended in some cases, but HIFU in particular is not part of treatment guidelines. [26] Further research into the usefulness of HIFU, specifically in fibroadenoma, is required before more widespread use of the technique in fibroadenoma. [25] Epidemiology[en.wikipedia.org]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • The pathophysiology of cryotherapy involves disruption of the cellular membrane of gland cells both near and far away from the probe, as well as capillaries, resulting in thrombosis and hypoxia of the target lesion.[gs.amegroups.com]

Prevention

  • It is important to recognize the benign nature of this neoplasm to prevent extensive mutilating surgical procedures.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • الصفحة 360 - Effects of tamoxifen on uterus and ovaries of postmenopausal women in a randomised breast cancer prevention trial. ‏[books.google.com]
  • Some patients with atypical hyperplasia may also be recommended to take the drug tamoxifen to help prevent breast cancer.[imaginis.com]
  • If you have a history of benign breast lumps or are concerned that you may develop them, ask your doctor for tips on prevention.[sheknows.com]
  • Considerations In addition to cutting down on caffeine from coffee, teas, soft drinks and chocolate, other actions that can be taken to reduce or prevent breast cysts are to eat a high fiber diet and consume more seafood.[livestrong.com]

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