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Binge Eating Disorder

Eating Binges


Presentation

  • Furthermore, there are first hints that body-related cognitive biases are present in individuals with BED.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • RESULTS: Both groups presented similar nutritional characteristics; there were no differences when it came to the health status of individuals with or without BED.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] of the pleasantness while eating the presented food and to the amount of food they would eat.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • In both cases, criteria for diagnosing of other axis I or axis II disorder were not present. Fluvoxamine was used in pharmacotherapy, and psychodynamic psychotherapy as a psychotherapeutical approach.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The eating disorder has been present for 3 years, and it developed after recurrent nocturnal hypoglycemic episodes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Plethora
  • BED co-occurs with a plethora of psychiatric disorders, most commonly mood and anxiety disorders. BED is also associated with obesity and its numerous complications.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Auditory Hallucination
  • He was hospitalized for a mixed-mood episode with anxiety, mystical delusions, and auditory hallucinations. To overcome treatment resistance, we suggested electroconvulsive therapy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Generalized Seizure
  • Topiramate is a novel antiepileptic drug that is used as an adjunctive in the treatment of partial and secondary generalized seizures.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Workup

Taenia Solium
  • We report a case of binge eating disorder (BED) in a 19-year-old Spanish woman, whose onset followed a nowadays uncommon parasitic intestinal disease (Taenia solium by cysticercosis).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Treatment

  • The primary outcomes will be the number of binge-eating episodes, abstinence from binge eating and diagnosis of BED at post-treatment and/or follow-up(s), and changes from pre-treatment to post-treatment and/or follow-up(s).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Immediately after the treatment the number of binge-eating episodes showed significant improvement (d 1.02, between group) in the treatment group relative to the wait-list condition.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Treatment approaches include psychological and behavioral treatments (hereafter “psychological”), pharmacologic treatments, and combinations of the 2 approaches. Table 1 describes common treatments for BED. Table 1.[doi.org]
  • , and the clinical features that predict favorable response to different treatment modalities.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Psychological and behavioral interventions have been a mainstay of treatment for BED, but as understanding of this disorder has grown, pharmacologic agents have become promising treatment options for some patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prognosis

  • Prognosis The poor dietary habits and obesity that are symptomatic of BED can lead to serious health problems, such as high blood pressure, heart attacks, and diabetes, if left unchecked.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]
  • Prognosis for treatment is very positive—remission rates are higher in binge eating disorder treatment outcomes than in bulimia or anorexia, says Murphy.[self.com]

Etiology

  • It is also argued in this paper that despite a positive relationship between obesity and addictive tendencies towards food, it is over-inclusive to model obesity as an addiction disorder, especially given the multi-faceted etiology and current pervasiveness[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • BED in the absence of overvaluation does not appear to align with current models of the disorder in which ER difficulties are viewed as a core etiological mechanism. Further research is needed to elucidate the status of this presentation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Further studies should clarify the implications of attentional processes for the etiology and maintenance of BED.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • It considers the advantages, especially in psychiatric research, if obesity were found to represent, not one disease, but the end stage of a variety of different conditions with differing etiologies.[doi.org]
  • BED has a complex etiology.[psychcentral.com]

Epidemiology

  • Cross-sectional epidemiologic data suggest that BED is associated with medical conditions related to obesity, including diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemias, sleep problems/disorders, and pain conditions, and that BED may be related to these conditions[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • , NC, USA. 2 Department of Neurosurgery, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA. 3 RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA. 4 Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA. 5 Department of Medical Epidemiology[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Electronic address: catherine.chamayweber@hcuge.ch. 2 Clinical Research Center & Division of Clinical Epidemiology, Department of Health and Community Medicine, University Hospitals of Geneva, University of Geneva, Switzerland. 3 Pediatric Obesity Consultation[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Electronic address: linda.mustelin@helsinki.fi. 2 Departments of Psychiatry and Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA; Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] addition, both obese bingers [17,18] and BED patients have been reported to have similar attitudes about body weight and shape, as compared with both nonpurging [19] and purging bulimia nervosa patients. [20] Regardless of the appellation, it is clear from epidemiologic[medscape.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Abstract Reward mechanisms are likely implicated in the pathophysiology of binge-eating behaviour, which is a key symptom of binge-eating disorder (BED).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prevention

  • […] data suggest that parental traumatic experiences play a role in their offspring's mental health; the data also showed different psychopathological configurations in male and female adolescents with BED and their parents, suggesting the development of prevention[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Prevention Science 2013. Pope, H.G., J.K. Lalonde, L.J. Pindyck, et al. "Binge Eating Disorder: A Stable Syndrome." American Journal of Psychiatry 163 Dec. 2006: 2181-2183. Sinha, S., and N. Warfa.[medicinenet.com]
  • If confirmed, our findings would support prevention and treatment strategies that target subsets of women based on obesity and BED status. Copyright 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. KEYWORDS: Binge eating; Hunger; Obesity; Stress[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Importance: The ability of pharmacotherapies to prevent relapse and maintain efficacy with long-term treatment in psychiatric conditions is important.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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