Edit concept Question Editor Create issue ticket

Bladder Scarring


Presentation

  • Vesico-ureteric reflux was present in 18 patients by 1 month of age (28%) and in 29 patients by 5 years of age (45%). New renal cortical scars developed in 9 patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Bladder pain may be present constantly, sporadically, or only when the bladder is full. Bladder pain may be associated with a serious condition.[healthgrades.com]
  • This answer is not intended as and does not substitute for medical advice - the information presented is for patient education only. Please see your personal physician for further evaluation of your individual case. Thanks, Kevin, M.D.[medhelp.org]
  • Taking out the uterus (hysterectomy) does not treat endometriosis at all because the ovaries are still present and producing estrogen.[melaniemarinmd.com]
Fever
  • It's often first detected when a child has a urinary tract infection (UTI) with a fever.[kidshealth.org]
  • If the child has a fever with no obvious source, a doctor should be consulted. Apart from a UTI, it could be an upper respiratory infection, viral gastroenteritis, or pneumonia.[medicalnewstoday.com]
  • […] platelet counts (thrombocytopenia) Symptoms Symptoms of bladder damage include: blood in the urine (hematuria) burning or pain during urination pain above the bladder (suprapubic pain) intense need to urinate (urgency) need to urinate often (frequency) fever[cancer.ca]
  • Professor Neil Turner, consultant nephrologist at Edinburgh Royal Infirmary, says developing a fever with simple cystitis is unusual and a sign an infection has spread to the kidneys.[dailymail.co.uk]
  • Seek immediate medical care (call 911) if you experience the following symptoms: high fever (higher than 101 degrees Fahrenheit), the inability to urinate, or severe abdominal pain .[healthgrades.com]
Surgical Procedure
  • Compared to TVT slings, the surgical procedure for TOT slings has a lower risk of urethral and bladder injury.[transvaginalmeshcenter.com]
  • Researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine developed a technique that avoids a second open surgical procedure and all the additional complications.[hopkinsmedicine.org]
  • Following such surgical procedures on the prostate, a bladder neck contracture or scar tissue can form at the junction of the bladder outlet and the prostate.[my.clevelandclinic.org]
  • Surgical procedures, such as myomectomy and endometriosis surgery, can also lead to adhesions.[innovativegyn.com]
Recurrent Urinary Tract Infection
  • These include recurrent urinary tract infections, strictures of the ureters or the urethra. And, this is caused by radiation damage to the lining of the urinary tract system.[mdanderson.org]
  • urinary tract infections In essence, inflammation from balanitis can render the foreskin useless and create more serious secondary issues.[suragel.com]
Hyperthermia
  • الصفحة 441 - Dantrolene: a review of its pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic properties and therapeutic use in malignant hyperthermia, the neuroleptic malignant syndrome and an update of its use in muscle spasticity. ‏[books.google.com]
Enuresis
  • الصفحة 365 - The genetics of enuresis. In: Kolvin I, MacKeith RC, Meadow SR (eds): Bladder control and enuresis. ‏[books.google.com]
Constipation
  • There are sections on the management of infection, renal problems, constipation, and sexual problems, and there is a review of the psychological problems encountered by these children and their families.[books.google.com]
  • Some patients may benefit from an increased fibre intake as constipation can also trigger the problem. Cherry says: ‘I now avoid doing too much because being run-down can make you more liable to infection. 'I try to eat well and stay well-hydrated.[dailymail.co.uk]
  • O’Regan S, Schick E, Hamburdger B, Yasbeck S (1986) Constipation associated with vesicoureteral reflux. Urology 28:394–396 PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar 40.[link.springer.com]
  • However, when it causes infertility, pain or gastrointestinal problems, such as bloating and constipation, a woman might consider a procedure called resection of pelvic adhesions.[innovativegyn.com]
Diarrhea
  • الصفحة 157 - Poley, JR: Role of bile acid malabsorption in pathogenesis of diarrhea and steatorrhea in patients with ileal resection. I. Response to cholestyramine or replacement of dietary long chain triglyceride by medium chain triglyceride. ‏[books.google.com]
  • Chronic diarrhea or poor absorption of food is one of the common late side effects of radiation.[mdanderson.org]
  • I know the radiation may give him diarrhea & tiredness, but is urethral stricture & bowel adhesions a common side effect? Are there any other side effects we should be aware of while trying to make a decision about treatment? Thank you![oncolink.org]
  • An infant who is refusing food, eating poorly, is lethargic, difficult to wake up, has inconsolable crying, diarrhea, or vomiting also needs medical attention.[medicalnewstoday.com]
  • ., bloating, diarrhea, constipation, painful bowel movements) as they squeeze the intestines or pull the tailbone forward.[clearpassage.com]
Suprapubic Pain
  • pain) intense need to urinate (urgency) need to urinate often (frequency) fever or chills Bladder irritation may occur shortly after chemotherapy is given.[cancer.ca]
Steatorrhea
  • الصفحة 157 - Poley, JR: Role of bile acid malabsorption in pathogenesis of diarrhea and steatorrhea in patients with ileal resection. I. Response to cholestyramine or replacement of dietary long chain triglyceride by medium chain triglyceride. ‏[books.google.com]
Hypertension
  • Percutaneous angioplasty in clinical management of renovascular hypertension: initial and long-term results. ‏[books.google.com]
  • الصفحة 673 - National High Blood Pressure Education Program Working Group on Hypertension Control in Children and Adolescents: Update on the 1987 task force report on high blood pressure in children and adolescents: A working group report from the National[books.google.com]
  • Hypertension, or high blood pressure, may result if the kidneys do not work properly. Acute kidney failure can occur if toxins build up rapidly in the blood because of a loss of kidney function.[medicalnewstoday.com]
  • These problems include: high blood pressure (hypertension) protein in the urine decreased kidney function or kidney failure In some cases, VUR may be detected before a baby is born during a routine prenatal ultrasound.[kidshealth.org]
  • High blood pressure, or hypertension, occurs when the pressure of your blood against the walls of your blood vessels increases. If not controlled, high blood pressure can be a cause of chronic kidney disease.[ppt-health.com]
Ulcer
  • The downside of Hunner's ulcer fulguration is that it is not a cure. Most patients develop new ulcers and pain within 3-9 months.[smithinstituteforurology.com]
  • This examination may also uncover a rare type of ulcer called Hunner’s ulcer. This type of ulcer is associated with IC. You may notice that particular foods or drinks aggravate your symptoms.[healthline.com]
  • , ulcerated, ulcerating, ulceration, ulcerative bladder (solitary) (sphincter) N32.89 ICD-10-CM Codes Adjacent To N32.89 N31.2 Flaccid neuropathic bladder, not elsewhere classified N31.8 Other neuromuscular dysfunction of bladder N31.9 Neuromuscular dysfunction[icd10data.com]
  • This thickening can lead to the formation of ulcers on the inside lining of the intestines. When the ulcers grow deeper, they can begin to burrow through the wall of the intestine, forming a tunnel that leads to whatever tissue is next to the sore.[zurology.com]
  • There is also the risk of an ulcer in the front wall of the rectum that can cause pressure, (giving a sensation like you need to have a bowel movement), bleeding and pain. This occurs in 3 to 5% of men.[oncolink.org]
Blister
  • Genetic changes cause abnormal blisters of fluid ( cysts ) to grow in the kidneys. It is congenital (you are born with it), familial (runs in families) and affects both sexes. It is more usually seen in adults between the ages of 30 and 50.[ppt-health.com]
Muscle Spasticity
  • الصفحة 441 - Dantrolene: a review of its pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic properties and therapeutic use in malignant hyperthermia, the neuroleptic malignant syndrome and an update of its use in muscle spasticity. ‏[books.google.com]
Convulsions
  • الصفحة 13 - Arieff AI: Hyponatremia, convulsions, respiratory arrest, and permanent brain damage after elective surgery in healthy women. ‏[books.google.com]
  • The onset is sudden and may be accompanied by a convulsion in a child. Treatment usually involves drinking lots of water and other fluids to flush the infection out of the kidney.[ppt-health.com]
Urinary Incontinence
  • It can even result in urinary incontinence. The blockage can also cause damage of the bladder and even ‘upstream’ in the kidneys.[medstarwashington.org]
  • Bladder and urethral sling surgeries are used to treat urinary incontinence that cannot be successfully treated with medication.[zurology.com]
  • I think it is a great solution for men with severe urinary incontinence, but I would advise this procedure be performed by a doctor who specializes in incontinence surgery. 10.[drcatalona.com]
  • Patients who suffer from stress urinary incontinence (SUI) experience urine leakage when they laugh, sneeze, cough, exercise, or perform other regular activities. The condition is often caused by a weakening of the pelvic muscles after pregnancy.[transvaginalmeshcenter.com]
  • Dysuria (painful urination) Burning with urination Urinary frequency Urinary urgency Urinary incontinence (involuntary loss of urine) Nocturia (awakening at night to urinate, considered a disturbance in voiding if it occurs two or more times in a night[chemocare.com]
Urinary Urgency
  • Produces urine and helps regulate body fluids Transports urine to the bladder Serves as a reservoir for urine Conveys urine to exterior A condition characterized by urinary urgency and frequency without obvious infection or other pathology Inability to[quizlet.com]
  • IC involves scarring and inflammation of the bladder lining bringing about symptoms of urinary urgency, urinary frequency, and pelvic pain. Pain may vary in intensity as the bladder fills or empties with urine.[alkalineforlife.com]
  • If you have ongoing urinary urgency or pelvic pain, make an appointment to see your doctor. There is no single test to diagnose IC.[healthline.com]
  • Dysuria (painful urination) Burning with urination Urinary frequency Urinary urgency Urinary incontinence (involuntary loss of urine) Nocturia (awakening at night to urinate, considered a disturbance in voiding if it occurs two or more times in a night[chemocare.com]
  • This leads to symptoms like urinary urgency and frequency, incontinence due to overactive bladder or overflow of a full bladder, pain, and bladder infections.[turnsresearch.org]
Nocturia
  • As the scar contracts, the bladder wall gets stiffer and the bladder may get smaller, causing permanent frequency, urgency, and nocturia that varies in severity.[oncolink.org]
  • Patients had improved frequency and nocturia 12 weeks post injection. 2016 S.[karger.com]
  • This symptom can occur all day and throughout the night ( nocturia ), interrupting your sleep pattern.[healthline.com]
  • Dysuria (painful urination) Burning with urination Urinary frequency Urinary urgency Urinary incontinence (involuntary loss of urine) Nocturia (awakening at night to urinate, considered a disturbance in voiding if it occurs two or more times in a night[chemocare.com]
  • […] diagnose it from the description alone: burning and stinging on passing urine (dysuria) passing urine often (frequency) experiencing an intense need to pass urine (urgency) passing only small amounts at a time having to pass urine frequently at night (nocturia[nmihi.com]
Nocturia
  • As the scar contracts, the bladder wall gets stiffer and the bladder may get smaller, causing permanent frequency, urgency, and nocturia that varies in severity.[oncolink.org]
  • Patients had improved frequency and nocturia 12 weeks post injection. 2016 S.[karger.com]
  • This symptom can occur all day and throughout the night ( nocturia ), interrupting your sleep pattern.[healthline.com]
  • Dysuria (painful urination) Burning with urination Urinary frequency Urinary urgency Urinary incontinence (involuntary loss of urine) Nocturia (awakening at night to urinate, considered a disturbance in voiding if it occurs two or more times in a night[chemocare.com]
  • […] diagnose it from the description alone: burning and stinging on passing urine (dysuria) passing urine often (frequency) experiencing an intense need to pass urine (urgency) passing only small amounts at a time having to pass urine frequently at night (nocturia[nmihi.com]
Bladder Neck Obstruction
  • […] sphincter) N32.89 ICD-10-CM Codes Adjacent To N32.89 N31.2 Flaccid neuropathic bladder, not elsewhere classified N31.8 Other neuromuscular dysfunction of bladder N31.9 Neuromuscular dysfunction of bladder, unspecified N32 Other disorders of bladder N32.0 Bladder-neck[icd10data.com]

Workup

  • You have had a very thorough urology workup include an IVP, cystourethrogram, cytology and cystoscopy. This would exclude most of the structural causes for recurrent UTIs. This would also exclude most of the causes for the blood in your urine.[medhelp.org]
  • This was the first cystoscopy these patients underwent, as part of their IC/BPS workup.[karger.com]
Hyponatremia
  • الصفحة 13 - Arieff AI: Hyponatremia, convulsions, respiratory arrest, and permanent brain damage after elective surgery in healthy women. ‏[books.google.com]

Treatment

  • Problems after radiation treatment for prostate cancer: Radiation therapy is an essential treatment for prostate cancers. Complications from radiation are very rare, but occasionally men can develop a urethral stricture after radiation treatment.[turnsresearch.org]
  • Some options are sperm banking for males prior to treatments and egg harvesting for females prior to treatments.[mdanderson.org]
  • Surgical treatment options If surgery is recommended as part of your bladder cancer treatment plan, you’ll have several options to choose from.[aurorahealthcare.org]
  • This also helps to guide the treatment course.[urology.ucla.edu]
  • Hemorrhagic cystitis can occur during treatment, immediately following treatment, or the onset may be delayed for months following treatment.[chemocare.com]

Etiology

  • The diagnosis of IC/PBS is made in patients with chronic bladder pain without any underlying etiology for the symptoms. The current AUA guidelines require the duration of symptoms to be at least 6 weeks.[karger.com]

Epidemiology

  • References Koziol JA: Epidemiology of interstitial cystitis. Urol Clin North Am 1994;21:7-20. van de Merwe JP: Interstitial cystitis and systemic autoimmune diseases. Nat Clin Pract Urol 2007;4:484-491.[karger.com]
  • Adhesion-related readmissions following gynaecological laparoscopy or laparotomy in Scotland: an epidemiological study of 24 046 patients. Hum Reprod. 2004; 19:1877 Wiseman, D. M.[hormonesmatter.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Mostwin J (2002) Pathophysiology: the varieties of bladder overactivity. Urology 60:22–26 PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar 5.[link.springer.com]

Prevention

  • Prevention of neural tube defects: results of the Medical Research Council Vitamin Study. ‏[books.google.com]
  • For mild VUR, we tend to treat with a low dose of preventive antibiotics and perform regular tests to evaluate the VUR and kidney function. The antibiotics help prevent urinary tract infections (UTIs).[beaumont.org]
  • Prevention and management To help prevent the bladder from becoming irritated during chemotherapy, the healthcare team may: give extra fluids intravenously (into a vein) give a drug called mesna (Uromitexan) to help protect the bladder before, during[cancer.ca]
  • How to Prevent or Minimize C-Section Adhesions If you know you will be having a C-Section take a pro-active approach using these tips to prevent C-Section Adhesions from becoming a problem. – Inquire about using adhesion blockers with your doctor.[worry-free-c-section.com]
  • But with prompt treatment, long-term complications and damage to the kidneys can be prevented. Date reviewed: March 2014[kidshealth.org]

Ask Question

5000 Characters left Format the text using: # Heading, **bold**, _italic_. HTML code is not allowed.
By publishing this question you agree to the TOS and Privacy policy.
• Use a precise title for your question.
• Ask a specific question and provide age, sex, symptoms, type and duration of treatment.
• Respect your own and other people's privacy, never post full names or contact information.
• Inappropriate questions will be deleted.
• In urgent cases contact a physician, visit a hospital or call an emergency service!