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Blue-Ringed Octopus Poisoning

Poisoning by Blue Ring Octopus


Presentation

  • The danger is nevertheless so present in Australia that in certain regions there are special signs saying "Danger - Blue Ringed Octopuses".[molluscs.at]
  • The origin of these genes also sheds light on the fundamentals of evolution, presenting a prime example of convergent evolution where species independently develop similar traits.[livescience.com]
  • All eligibility information must be present with the Participant to claim the Grand Prize.[thelivingplanet.com]
  • The smaller creatures like the Blue Ringed octopus, do not cause many of us to think, while Scuba diving, about the danger they may present. Certainly I am sure, most people think of Sharks and Rays as being the animals to watch out for![destination-scuba.com]
Fishing
  • Lethality The puffer fish is some what of a Japanese delicacy going under the name of Fugu. The fish can only be prepared by a qualified master chef, but even then it is hard to eliminate the chance of poisoning as cooking cannot remove the toxin.[chm.bris.ac.uk]
  • Pic:Martin Lange “It’s a concern if an eight-year-old or a 12-year-old had a fish, they don’t have their parents around and they don’t know what it is,” he said.[dailytelegraph.com.au]
  • It mainly eats small fish and crustaceans. It reaches a length of around 15 centimetres. Photographed in Mabul, Malaysia.[sciencephoto.com]
  • It's named after one of the main places you find it - fish within the order Tetraodontiformes. Fish like the famous and famously poisonous pufferfish. But it's also found in several other fish, certain starfish, crabs, algae and marine snails.[realmonstrosities.com]
  • […] ringed octopus can be a sting if Their botherd.The blue ringed octopus doesn't have many predators .The Moray eel is one predator.The blue ringed octopus Barely has any predators because it is Poisons other animals.The blue ringed octopus eats small fish[foxhollow.cherrycreekschools.org]
Swelling
  • “We’ve had big swells lately and it may have been attached to the weed and come in with that. I think it was just stuck on the beach and would have got washed back out with the next swell.”[illawarramercury.com.au]
  • Immediate excruciating pain, followed by swelling of the foot. Muscle weakness, paralysis and dying skin may follow. The pain will subside after a day, though the swelling may take longer to disappear.[bugbog.com]
Nausea
  • Blue-ringed Octopus Bite Symptoms Within ten minutes of the bite, nausea, vomiting, extreme pain, vision problems, numbness, muscular weakness, severe breathing difficulties, nausea and floppy paralysis. • reassure the victim and keep him/her still. •[bugbog.com]
  • If not treated immediately, this leads to feeling of nausea, suffocation, paralysis, and cardiac arrest. » Blue-ringed octopuses hunt mostly during the day feeding on shrimp and crabs including hermit crabs. » Blue-ringed octopuses are found mostly in[animalsake.com]
  • Symptoms of a blue-ringed octopus bite Onset of nausea Hazy Vision. (Within seconds you are blind.) Loss of sense of touch, speech and the ability to swallow Within 3 minutes, paralysis sets in and your body goes into respiratory arrest.[theupsidedownunder.blog]
  • Sometimes the victim further experiences nausea, visual disturbances, vomiting and difficulty speaking. When symptoms continue and worsen, unconsciousness occurs, with possibility of death following.[theculturetrip.com]
  • Other symptoms include nausea, vision loss or blindness, loss of senses and loss of motor skills. Ultimately, it will cause muscle paralysis—including the muscles needed for humans to breathe, leading to respiratory arrest.[oceanconservancy.org]
Vomiting
  • Sometimes the victim further experiences nausea, visual disturbances, vomiting and difficulty speaking. When symptoms continue and worsen, unconsciousness occurs, with possibility of death following.[theculturetrip.com]
  • Blue-ringed Octopus Bite Symptoms Within ten minutes of the bite, nausea, vomiting, extreme pain, vision problems, numbness, muscular weakness, severe breathing difficulties, nausea and floppy paralysis. • reassure the victim and keep him/her still. •[bugbog.com]
  • The victim may also have over sweating, headache, dizziness, speech problems, hypersalivation, vomiting, nausea, diarrhea, abdominal pain, movement disorders and a feeling of weakness, cyanosis to extremities and lips, petechial hemorrhages on the body[ipfs.io]
  • Bleeding may be excessive Numbness, nausea , vomiting , changes in vision, and difficulty swallowing .[emedicinehealth.com]
Vomiting
  • Sometimes the victim further experiences nausea, visual disturbances, vomiting and difficulty speaking. When symptoms continue and worsen, unconsciousness occurs, with possibility of death following.[theculturetrip.com]
  • Blue-ringed Octopus Bite Symptoms Within ten minutes of the bite, nausea, vomiting, extreme pain, vision problems, numbness, muscular weakness, severe breathing difficulties, nausea and floppy paralysis. • reassure the victim and keep him/her still. •[bugbog.com]
  • The victim may also have over sweating, headache, dizziness, speech problems, hypersalivation, vomiting, nausea, diarrhea, abdominal pain, movement disorders and a feeling of weakness, cyanosis to extremities and lips, petechial hemorrhages on the body[ipfs.io]
  • Bleeding may be excessive Numbness, nausea , vomiting , changes in vision, and difficulty swallowing .[emedicinehealth.com]
Food Poisoning
  • Abstract A food poisoning incident due to ingestion of unknown octopus occurred in Taipei in December, 2010.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Diarrhea
  • The victim may also have over sweating, headache, dizziness, speech problems, hypersalivation, vomiting, nausea, diarrhea, abdominal pain, movement disorders and a feeling of weakness, cyanosis to extremities and lips, petechial hemorrhages on the body[ipfs.io]
Hypotension
  • The victims are aware but unable to respond There is no known antidote for the venom and the only way to treat it currently is to conduct heart massage and artificial respiration as long as artificial respiration starts before marked cyanosis and hypotension[destination-scuba.com]
  • […] hypersalivation, vomiting, nausea, diarrhea, abdominal pain, movement disorders and a feeling of weakness, cyanosis to extremities and lips, petechial hemorrhages on the body. [6] The second phase of poisoning usually occurs after eight hours and includes hypotension[ipfs.io]
  • […] dizziness, speech problems, hypersalivation, moderate emesis, movement disorders, a feeling of weakness, cyanosis to extremities and lips and petechial hemorrhages on the body. [6] The second phase of poisoning usually occurs after eight hours and includes hypotension[en.wikipedia.org]
  • Respiratory failure and lethal hypotension due to blue-ringed octopus and tetrodotoxin envenomation observed and counteracted in animal models. J Toxicol Clin Toxicol. 1986-87. 24(6):485-502. [Medline]. Kizer KW. Marine envenomations.[emedicine.medscape.com]
Long Arm
  • The poison ocellate octopus is a relatively small octopus with a long arm span. I could have easily held these animals in the palm of my hand, but that said, their arms can stretch out to be more than 20 inches.[goscubadivemaui.com]
Agitation
  • Appearance of the blue rings is always a sign of agitation, so make sure you do not annoy them further by poking them with an object or clicking photographs without prior preparation.[animalsake.com]
  • When the Blue Ringed octopus is agitated, the brown patches darken dramatically, and iridescent blue rings or clumps of rings appear and pulsate within the maculae.[destination-scuba.com]
  • When they're agitated or annoyed, the rings brighten up while the surrounding skin darkens for contrast. Soon there's no ignoring them as the rings glow and even pulsate with a malign-yet-pretty power.[realmonstrosities.com]
Flaccid Paralysis
  • In severe cases, this is followed by flaccid paralysis and respiratory failure, leading to unconsciousness and death due to cerebral anoxia. Interestingly, the victim's heart continues to beat until extreme asphyxia sets in.[thecephalopodpage.org]

Treatment

  • The treatment is often symptomatic, because there is no available antidote for tetrodotoxin The prognosis is generally guarded and mostly depends upon the quantity of venom injected and the speed with which treatment is provided Who gets Blue-Ringed Octopus[dovemed.com]
  • Disclaimer : The information contained in this article is for educational purposes only and should not be used for diagnosis or to guide treatment without the opinion of a health professional.[scribol.com]
  • The only treatment is hours of heart massage and artificial respiration until the poison has worked its way out of your system.[didyouknow.cd]

Prognosis

  • Prognosis The prognosis for octopus envenomation is generally excellent, unless significant hypoxia has occurred.[emedicine.medscape.com]

Etiology

  • (Etiology) The Blue-Ringed Octopus Bite releases a deadly poison into the human skin, which can affect the body Depending on the amount of poison injected, the severity of the signs and symptoms is dictated What are the Signs and Symptoms of Blue-Ringed[dovemed.com]
  • Other fractions of the venom include 5-hydroxytryptamine, hyaluronidase, tyramine, histamine, tryptamine, octopamine, taurine, acetylcholine, and dopamine. [15] Etiology Envenomations usually occur when an individual picks up a blue-ringed octopus or[emedicine.medscape.com]

Epidemiology

  • Epidemiology Frequency United States The blue-ringed octopus does not naturally dwell in the coastal waters of the United States. International Rare cases of octopus envenomation occur in the Indo-Pacific region.[emedicine.medscape.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Pathophysiology There are many fractions in the venom secreted from the salivary glands of the blue-ringed octopus, one of which is identical to tetrodotoxin.[emedicine.medscape.com]

Prevention

  • With the exception of some of the toxic seafood-borne illnesses, most seafood-borne infectious diseases, heavy metal poisonings, and pesticide poisonings can be prevented by careful selection and preparation of fresh seafood and adherence to weekly seafood[jstage.jst.go.jp]
  • The extremity should also be immobilized with a splint or stick of some sort to prevent it from bending at the joint(s). The elastic bandage should be removed for 90 seconds every 10 minutes and then reapplied for the first 4 to 6 hours.[emedicinehealth.com]

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