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Bovine Actinomycosis

Bovine Lumpy Jaw


Presentation

  • The present study describes a typical case of bovine actinomycosis in a 2 year cross bred heifer with a hard swelling at the level of second molar teeth on right ramus of mandible. Halitosis was also present.[scopemed.org]
  • In the present study, three Sahiwal cows with Actinomycosis presented to the authors in different periods of time were subjected to three different recommended treatment protocols viz cow no. 1 was given potassium iodide 7 g/day, orally for ten days,[en.engormix.com]
  • This patient presented with a 2-day history of hemisensory loss, hyper-reflexia and retro-orbital headache, 7 days following a dental extraction for apical peridonitis. Neuroimaging showed a large left parietal abscess with surrounding empyema.[casereports.bmj.com]
Swelling
  • The present study describes a typical case of bovine actinomycosis in a 2 year cross bred heifer with a hard swelling at the level of second molar teeth on right ramus of mandible. Halitosis was also present.[scopemed.org]
  • Pathology The lesion begins as a painless swelling of the affected bone, the swelling becomes more painful and enlarges over a number of weeks, gaining fistulous tracts which discharge pus.[en.wikivet.net]
  • The disease is characterized by the development of multiple abscesses (painful, hard, pus-filled swellings) and draining sinus tracts (channels that extend from the site of infection to an opening at the skin surface), which exude sulfur granules (yellow[britannica.com]
Sulfur Granules
  • The disease is characterized by the development of multiple abscesses (painful, hard, pus-filled swellings) and draining sinus tracts (channels that extend from the site of infection to an opening at the skin surface), which exude sulfur granules (yellow[britannica.com]
  • Bovine has both chronic proliferative osteomyelitis and granulomatous lesions and humans only have granulomatous lesions -granulomatous lesions- called sulfur granules bc yellow-white color.[quizlet.com]
Inflammation
  • Histopathological examination revealed granulomatous inflammation. From these findings the cow was diagnosed as a case of actinomycosis.[ci.nii.ac.jp]
  • It causes granulomatous inflammation of soft tissues and bone, causing lumpy jaw. It usually invades the mandible to cause osteomyelitis and may extend to surrounding muscles.[en.wikivet.net]
Sulfur Granules
  • The disease is characterized by the development of multiple abscesses (painful, hard, pus-filled swellings) and draining sinus tracts (channels that extend from the site of infection to an opening at the skin surface), which exude sulfur granules (yellow[britannica.com]
  • Bovine has both chronic proliferative osteomyelitis and granulomatous lesions and humans only have granulomatous lesions -granulomatous lesions- called sulfur granules bc yellow-white color.[quizlet.com]
Fever
  • Thoracic actinomycosis may result from inhalation of the organism into the air passages and is usually associated with weight loss, night sweats, coughing, and high fever.[britannica.com]
Halitosis
  • Halitosis was also present. Tentative diagnosis was made through clinical signs. Carefull exploration of pus revealed a single whitish-yellow pinhead sized sulphur granule.[scopemed.org]

Workup

Actinomyces Bovis
  • 岐阜県岐阜家畜保健衛生所 Gifu Livestock Hygiene Service Center, Prefecture of Gifu 抄録 A cow had a lesion from which Actinomyces bovis and Corynebacterium pyogenes were isolated.[ci.nii.ac.jp]
  • Actinomyces bovis Learning Resources Literature Search Search for recent publications via CAB Abstract (CABI log in required) Actinomyces bovis publications[en.wikivet.net]
  • The most common pathogenic species are Actinomyces bovis in cattle and A. israeli and A. gerencseriae in humans.[britannica.com]
Actinomyces Bovis
  • 岐阜県岐阜家畜保健衛生所 Gifu Livestock Hygiene Service Center, Prefecture of Gifu 抄録 A cow had a lesion from which Actinomyces bovis and Corynebacterium pyogenes were isolated.[ci.nii.ac.jp]
  • Actinomyces bovis Learning Resources Literature Search Search for recent publications via CAB Abstract (CABI log in required) Actinomyces bovis publications[en.wikivet.net]
  • The most common pathogenic species are Actinomyces bovis in cattle and A. israeli and A. gerencseriae in humans.[britannica.com]

Treatment

  • The book further tackles the discovery of antibiotics and the role of antibiotics in the treatment of actinomycosis.[books.google.com]
  • Various treatment protocols documented in the literature for the lumpy jaw have sub-satisfactory responses and are expensive for resource poor settings such as Cholistan.[en.engormix.com]
  • Key words: Actinomycosis, Sulphur Granules, Lumpy Jaw, Treatment Advertisement Journal of Contemporary Medical Education SUBMIT YOUR ARTICLE NOW[scopemed.org]
  • It was subjected to a symptomatic treatment with a large amount of penicillin, which resulted in success in a short time. Histopathological examination revealed granulomatous inflammation.[ci.nii.ac.jp]
  • Treatment Surgical treatment is possible when the lesions are small and prolonged parenteral penicillin treatment may be beneficial early in the disease.[en.wikivet.net]

Prognosis

  • The book starts by describing the etiology, microscopical appearance, production of odor, epidemiology and pathogenesis, direction of peripheral spreading, differential and clinical diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of antinomycosis.[books.google.com]

Etiology

  • The book starts by describing the etiology, microscopical appearance, production of odor, epidemiology and pathogenesis, direction of peripheral spreading, differential and clinical diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of antinomycosis.[books.google.com]
  • Observations regarding the etiology of actinomycosis in cattle and swine. Journal of Comparative Pathology and Therapeutics , Vol. 43, p. 216. CrossRef Google Scholar Colebrook, Leonard 1921.[cambridge.org]
  • Abstract The role of anaerobic bacteria in the etiology of pyogenic liver abscess has not been fully recognized. In 11 years we have encountered 25 cases of anaerobic liver abscess, which represent 45% of all liver abscesses seen in the same period.[annals.org]

Epidemiology

  • The book starts by describing the etiology, microscopical appearance, production of odor, epidemiology and pathogenesis, direction of peripheral spreading, differential and clinical diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of antinomycosis.[books.google.com]
  • ISSN: 0950-2688 EISSN: 1469-4409 URL: /core/journals/epidemiology-and-infection Unfortunately you do not have access to this content, please use the Get access link below for information on how to access this content.[cambridge.org]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

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