Edit concept Question Editor Create issue ticket

Breast Hypertrophy

Virginal Breast Hypertrophy


Presentation

  • Pregnant women with gastric cancer may present symptoms that are considered common during pregnancy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • To present a case of massive bilateral gigantomastia with huge bilateral hypertrophy of the axillary breasts.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • A case of unilateral virginal breast hypertrophy with a review of the etiological factors and treatment modalities is presented. A 16-year-old girl presented with progressive enlargement of the left breast of 5 months' duration.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Normally breast hypertrophy presents itself as a bilateral clinical picture, but no study in the literature refers to the incidence of volumetric asymmetry.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • A 16-year-old girl presented with abnormal growth of her breasts in 1 year. Due to the enormous breast volume, which caused her physical and psychological problems, she curtailed her social life.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Bulimia
  • PATIENTS: Five adolescent and young adult females who had been treated for bulimia nervosa and underwent reduction mammaplasty.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • “It describes many types of people who may have some symptoms of anorexia or some of bulimia or binge eating and find those symptoms very difficult to live with,” she says.[tonic.vice.com]
Large Breast
  • Bilateral Hypertrophy means large breasts. 611.1 is a diagnostic code used for health insurance.[realself.com]
  • Convert to ICD-10-CM : 611.1 converts directly to: 2015/16 ICD-10-CM N62 Hypertrophy of breast Approximate Synonyms Atypical lobular hyperplasia of left breast Atypical lobular hyperplasia of right breast Breast hypertrophy Gynecomastia Large breast Macromastia[icd9data.com]
  • The superior pedicle custom-made technique is a safe method of breast reduction regardless of the degree of parenchymal resection, achieving a successful aesthetic outcome with minimal scarring and high satisfaction rate for both small and large breast[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Breast hypertrophy is by definition disproportionally large breasts with excessive breast tissue. This may occur as early as puberty, as a result of pregnancies, weight gain or even menopause.[drlilyvrtik.com.au]
  • Excessively large breasts can be more than an aesthetic embarrassment, they can also cause severe physical symptoms that directly impact quality of life.[nygplasticsurgery.com]

Treatment

  • In experienced clinics, use of tamoxifen in the treatment of juvenile breast hypertrophy during the brisk growth period may become a medical alternative to reconstructive surgery.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • There are several proposed causes and treatment options for virginal breast hypertrophy, but the investigations to support these theories are lacking.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • This study aimed to evaluate the impact of surgical treatment on the self-esteem of patients with breast asymmetry, breast hypertrophy, or hypomastia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Methods of treatment for each category of cystosarcoma phylloides, based upon morphological criteria, are outlined and the prognosis discussed. The special problem of cystosarcoma phylloides in the adolescent is reviewed and treatment recommended.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • A case of unilateral virginal breast hypertrophy with a review of the etiological factors and treatment modalities is presented. A 16-year-old girl presented with progressive enlargement of the left breast of 5 months' duration.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prognosis

  • Methods of treatment for each category of cystosarcoma phylloides, based upon morphological criteria, are outlined and the prognosis discussed. The special problem of cystosarcoma phylloides in the adolescent is reviewed and treatment recommended.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The prognosis for gynecomastia resulting from a disease ( cirrhosis of the liver or testicular cancer) depends on the outcome of that underlying disease. Drug-induced gynecomastia usually subsides with stopping the particular drugs.[nmihi.com]
  • Precise pathological diagnosis of breast disease is the most critical factor in determining treatment and establishing prognosis.[books.google.com]
  • Treatment and prognosis Medical treatment is with bromocriptine administration; however surgical intervention may be required if the disorder continues to progress. The usual surgical management involves reduction mammoplasty.[radiopaedia.org]

Etiology

  • A case of unilateral virginal breast hypertrophy with a review of the etiological factors and treatment modalities is presented. A 16-year-old girl presented with progressive enlargement of the left breast of 5 months' duration.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The latest advances regarding the etiology, clinical presentation, differential diagnosis, and treatment, both medical and surgical, are discussed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • It is not known if the hyperprolactinemia was etiologically related to the breast hypertrophy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Most authors agree that this condition is hormonal in etiology, but its precise mechanism is unclear.[aibolita.com]
  • The etiology for this condition is still not clear, but surgery remains the mainstay of treatment. We present a unique case of Gigantomastia, which was neither related to puberty nor pregnancy and has undergone three operations so far for recurrence.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Epidemiology

  • Discussions of most disease entities include clinical and radiological presentation, epidemiology, gross pathology, microscopic pathology, treatment, and prognosis.[books.google.com]
  • Pediatr Clin North Am 46 : 607 – 629 2 1997 Epidemiology of benign breast disease, with special attention to histologic types.[doi.org]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • It is unclear why the response to the hormones differs from neonate to neonate, but it has been suggested that individual factors such as hypersensitivity of the breast tissue to estrogen and/or prolactin are the main pathophysiologic factor for this[omicsonline.org]
  • Pathophysiology Estrogen & androgen metabolism The rate of plasma androgen conversion to estrogen in the entire body was measured using radioactive tracers.[doi.org]

Prevention

  • CCI-779 Prevented Hypertrophy of Pten-Deficient Neurons in the Dentate Gyrus.[pnas.org]
  • Sperling LS, Gold JJ (1973) Use of an anti-estrogen after a reduction mammoplasty to prevent recurrence of virginal hypertrophy of breasts. Plast Reconstr Surg 52:439–442 Google Scholar 4.[doi.org]
  • Many of the larger-breasted women also reported that they believed that their breast size prevented them from exercising easily, even in low-impact activities like walking or swimming.[nytimes.com]
  • This case raises the concern that treatment initiated after the development of gynecomastia may be too late to prevent premature epiphyseal closure.[doi.org]
  • Preventive measures should minimize their incidence: wearing of anti-thrombotic stockings, early deambulation, and possible use of anti-coagulant drugs. The occurrence of an infection requires antibiotic treatment and sometimes surgical drainage.[plastic-surgery-france.co.uk]

Ask Question

5000 Characters left Format the text using: # Heading, **bold**, _italic_. HTML code is not allowed.
By publishing this question you agree to the TOS and Privacy policy.
• Use a precise title for your question.
• Ask a specific question and provide age, sex, symptoms, type and duration of treatment.
• Respect your own and other people's privacy, never post full names or contact information.
• Inappropriate questions will be deleted.
• In urgent cases contact a physician, visit a hospital or call an emergency service!