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Breech Presentation


  • As a consequence, group of cephalic presenting fetuses is heterogeneous. Some fetuses randomly assume the cephalic presentation while others assume cephalic presentation 'intentionally' for a reason.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Wound Infection
  • Among them 11(10.7%) developed wound infection and five stayed in hospital waiting for baby. CONCLUSION: Nullipara ladies with breech presentation should have elective caesarean section as a preferred route of delivery.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • RESULTS: Increased TSH in pregnancy, defined as thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) 97.5th percentile ( 3.53mIU/L), was associated with a higher risk for breech presentation at term (aOR 2.32, CI 1.1-4.8, p 0.02) compared to euthyroidism (TSH between 2.5th[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Abdominal Pain
  • Haug Browse recently published Learning/CME Learning/CME View all learning/CME CME Partial Oral versus Intravenous Antibiotic Treatment of Endocarditis Case 4-2019: An 18-Year-Old Man with Abdominal Pain and Hematochezia Bridging the Gap Challenge Yourself[nejm.org]
  • If you have bleeding, abdominal pain, contractions or notice that your baby is moving less afterwards, you should phone your doctor or maternity unit.[babycenter.com.au]
  • Reasons for discontinuing stimulation and consulting the investigator (abdominal pain, other suspected adverse effects, sensation that version had occurred before completion of 7 days' treatment) were explained to the subject, together with symptoms suggesting[jamanetwork.com]
Behavior Disorder
  • .- ) Type 2 Excludes mental and behavioral disorders associated with the puerperium ( F53.- ) obstetrical tetanus ( A34 ) postpartum necrosis of pituitary gland ( E23.0 ) puerperal osteomalacia ( M83.0 ) Use Additional code from category Z3A , Weeks of[icd10data.com]
  • Composite neonatal mortality and morbidity (death, assisted ventilation, convulsions, or specific birth injury) was the primary outcome. Logistic regression was used to estimate the independent effects of mode of delivery.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]


  • Moxibustion treatment also significantly increases version from a breech presentation to a cephalic presentation where there are fewer side effects reported, if the woman is multiparous and has support during the administration of moxibustion treatment[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]


  • (Outcomes/Resolutions) The prognosis of Breech Presentation and Breech Birth is generally good.[dovemed.com]
  • Prognosis for the fetuses depends on the gestational age, congenital malformations, mode of delivery and delivery complications. · If there is breech presentation of the fetus, delivery may be complicated by fetal asphyxia or trauma. · External cephalic[folk.uio.no]
  • Prognosis Perinatal mortality is increased with breech presentation by a factor of between 2 and 4 regardless of the mode of delivery.[patient.info]


  • Abstract An evaluation of the possible etiologic factors in hyperextension of the fetal head in breech presentation and a discussion of management are presented.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • CONTENTS • Definition • Classification • Etiology • Diagnosis • Complications • Mechanism of Labour • Management 3. Fetus in longitudinal lie and the podalic pole or the buttocks present with the legs extended or flexed 4.[slideshare.net]
  • (Etiology) The exact cause of breech presentation is not known However a few factors, such as multiple pregnancies, abnormal uterus condition, and labor before the designated delivery period, are commonly associated with breech position or breech presentation[dovemed.com]


  • Author information 1 INSERM, U-1153, Epidemiology and Biostatistics Sorbonne Paris Cité Center, Obstetrical, Perinatal and Pediatric Epidemiology Team, DHU Risk in Pregnancy, Paris, France. 2 Department of Obstetrics, Groupe Hospitalier Paris Saint Joseph[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The authors also acknowledge the Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services, Section of Epidemiology for Public Health Practice as the original source of the data.[nature.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution


  • Keeping high index of suspicion, an early cesarean section can be an aide in preventing these complications. Once the baby is born, careful examination and early intervention should be done to prevent long term complications.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • In these cases, an episiotomy may prevent excessive tearing.[healthline.com]

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