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Bronchostenosis


Presentation

  • A 23-year-old Chinese woman presented with right middle segmental bronchostenosis caused by bronchial tuberculosis. She was informed of the surgical procedure and she provided informed consent.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We conclude (1) that self-expanding metal Wallstent implantation is a safe procedure and good alternative to silicone stent insertion for the treatment of bronchostenosis following lung transplantation, provided granulomas are not present and (2) that[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Case presentation A 23-year-old Chinese woman presented with cough, expectoration, wheeze and dyspnea for 3 months. A physical examination indicated weakened respiratory sounds in her right lower lobe.[jmedicalcasereports.biomedcentral.com]
  • Operative checklists are included in procedural chapters, and procedures are presented as bulleted to-do lists wherever possible.[books.google.de]
  • […] disease lung fields lupus pernio lymph nodes lymphocytes macrophages mesothelioma mottling nerve nodular nodules occasionally occur onset opacities pathogenesis Pathology patients peripheral plaques pleural effusion pneumoconiosis polyarteritis nodosa present[books.google.com]

Treatment

  • Bronchoscopic balloon dilation is a common method in the treatment of bronchostenosis but it is not an effective treatment due to its short dilating time (3 minutes) and low pressure ( 3atm).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The first-line treatment relied on Wallstent insertion (n 4) or on balloon dilatation (n 8). Early restenosis occurred in four of eight dilated stenoses and subsequently led to Wallstent insertion.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The patient had fourteen episodes of pneumonia in two years and therefore surgical resection of the right lower lobe was performed for both diagnosis and treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Therefore, this self-designed novel high-handed videobronchoscopy balloon dilation is reliable and effective in the treatment of benign bronchostenosis but it is not suitable for trachea stenosis treatment.[jmedicalcasereports.biomedcentral.com]
  • Multidisciplinary contributions on medical treatment, radiation oncology, and surgery and anesthesia are included. Highlights include new material on minimally invasive procedures and thoroughly updated diagnostic and treatment information.[books.google.de]

Prognosis

  • […] lung fields lupus pernio lymph nodes lymphocytes macrophages mesothelioma mottling nerve nodular nodules occasionally occur onset opacities pathogenesis Pathology patients peripheral plaques pleural effusion pneumoconiosis polyarteritis nodosa present prognosis[books.google.com]
  • Atelectasis classically affects the anterior segments of the upper lobes or the medial segment of the RML · Pleura § Pleural effusion as a manifestation of primary TB occurs more often in adults than children § With appropriate treatment, it carries the best prognosis[learningradiology.com]
  • […] this has not yet developed in infants and young children, which is why the distal lung is rather hyperlucent in this population (e.g. congenital bronchial atresia, foreign body aspiration) distal airway dilatation double artery sign 9 Treatment and prognosis[radiopaedia.org]
  • The prognosis was so excellent. Although mild mucosal swelling and/or hyperemia and good prognosis were compatible with non-spesific bronchitic endobronchial tuberculosis, we did not classified our patient into this type.[tuberktoraks.org]
  • Fifty-six cases were subjected to bronchoscopy and chest computed tomography to assess the prognosis of bronchostenosis and bronchial obstruction.[spandidos-publications.com]

Etiology

  • Despite an exhaustive evaluation, a specific etiology was never determined. The patient was given the diagnosis of acquired idiopathic localized bronchostenosis with frequent recurrence of pneumonia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Epidemiology

  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and[ingentaconnect.com]
  • A prospective, population-based study of the demographics, epidemiology, management, and outcome of out-of-hospital pediatric cardiopulmonary arrest. Ann Emerg Med. ‎[books.google.it]
  • Moreover, it can facilitate epidemiological research and the longitudinal follow-up of asbestos exposure and asbestos-related diseases.[journals.plos.org]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Left Upper Lobe Atelectasis Common Pathophysiology: endobronchial cancer, rarely a metastasis endobronchial mucus plug (eg asthmatics, bronchopulmonary aspergillosis) constriction of bronchus by tumor (small cell, lymphoma), bronchostenosis endobronchial[individual.utoronto.ca]
  • These results are similar to those previously reported in other diseases (23, 53) and are in agreement with the involved pathophysiology (1, 43).[journals.plos.org]

Prevention

  • This necessitated laser therapy to eliminate the filaments of the stent crossing the lobar orifice, preventing subsequent obstruction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Thus, in order for early diagnosis and prevention of this disease, we need to pay meticulous attention to its clinical manifestations and bronchoscopic features.[jctm.mums.ac.ir]
  • The prompt diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis is important to prevent ETB complications and also to prevent dissemination to other individuals.[omicsonline.org]
  • CONCLUSION: Early diagnosis and early administration of anti-tuberculosis chemotherapy before involvement of the deeper airways is important to prevent the development of unwanted sequelae of bronchostenosis.[ingentaconnect.com]
  • Official American Thoracic Society/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/Infectious Diseases Society of America Clinical Practice Guidelines: Treatment of Drug-Susceptible Tuberculosis.[jtd.amegroups.com]

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