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Bronchostenosis


Presentation

  • A 23-year-old Chinese woman presented with right middle segmental bronchostenosis caused by bronchial tuberculosis. She was informed of the surgical procedure and she provided informed consent.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Case presentation A 23-year-old Chinese woman presented with cough, expectoration, wheeze and dyspnea for 3 months. A physical examination indicated weakened respiratory sounds in her right lower lobe.[jmedicalcasereports.biomedcentral.com]
  • Operative checklists are included in procedural chapters, and procedures are presented as bulleted to-do lists wherever possible.[books.google.de]
  • View larger version (77K) Fig. 3D — 82-year-old woman with anthracofibrosis who presented with dyspnea.[ajronline.org]
Soft Tissue Swelling
  • Note contusional soft tissue swelling in the right lateral chest wall (arrowhead). ( C ) Anteroposterior chest radiograph obtained ten days after A shows total collapse of the left lung.[synapse.koreamed.org]
Candidiasis
  • (candidiasis or thrush is a fungal infection): 3 people, 18.75% Cardiac Failure Congestive: 3 people, 18.75% Lung Transplant Rejection (failure of lung transplant): 3 people, 18.75% Renal Failure Chronic (long lasting kidney dysfunction): 3 people, 18.75%[ehealthme.com]
Falling
  • To make squares disappear and save space for other squares you have to assemble English words (left, right, up, down) from the falling squares. boggle Boggle gives you 3 minutes to find as many words (3 letters or more) as you can in a grid of 16 letters[dictionary.sensagent.com]
Hypoventilation
  • At stenoses of lobar and segmental bronchi there is hypoventilation, swelling or an atelectasis in the corresponding share or a segment. Stenoses of small bronchial tubes a long time can be compensated by development of collateral ventilation.[bigmed.info]
Diarrhea
  • Dysentery bacterial diarrhea 27. Dysphagia difficulty swallowing 28. Ectasia Dilation of any tubular vessle 29. –Edema swelling, accumulation of fluid 30. Endotoxin part of cell wall with gram-negative bacteria 31.[coursehero.com]
Osteoporosis
  • Medulloblastoma (a fast-growing, high-grade tumour that always begins in the cerebellum): 2 people, 12.50% Lung Transplant: 2 people, 12.50% Pseudomonas Infection (pseudomonas infection is caused by a bacterium, pseudomonas aeruginosa): 1 person, 6.25% Osteoporosis[ehealthme.com]
Ataxia
  • 支气管狭窄 bronchospirometry 支气管肺量测定法 bronchostenosis 支气管狭窄 bronchotomy 支气管切开术 bronchostenosis:枝气管狭窄 \\"枝气管肺炎\\",\\"bronchopneumonia\\" \\"枝气管狭窄\\",\\" bronchostenosis \\" \\"枝气管\\",\\"bronchus,bronchi\\" spasmodic bronchostenosis:痉挛性支气管狭窄,痉挛性支气管狭窄 spasmodic ataxia[englisher.net]

Workup

Air Bronchogram
  • Note obliteration of an air bronchogram of the left main bronchus (arrows). ( D ) Contrast-enhanced CT scan (7-mm-collimation) five days after C (15 days after injury) shows complete luminal obliteration at the mid-portion of the left main bronchus (arrowheads[synapse.koreamed.org]
Chlamydia
  • Chlamydia bacterial infection, parasites 22. Cocci bacteria that has a sphere shape 23. Cyst fluid filled sacs 24. Cystitis inflammation of bladder 25. Dactylecdema swelling of fingers and toes 26. Dysentery bacterial diarrhea 27.[coursehero.com]

Treatment

  • Bronchoscopic balloon dilation is a common method in the treatment of bronchostenosis but it is not an effective treatment due to its short dilating time (3 minutes) and low pressure ( 3atm).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Therefore, this self-designed novel high-handed videobronchoscopy balloon dilation is reliable and effective in the treatment of benign bronchostenosis but it is not suitable for trachea stenosis treatment.[jmedicalcasereports.biomedcentral.com]
  • Multidisciplinary contributions on medical treatment, radiation oncology, and surgery and anesthesia are included. Highlights include new material on minimally invasive procedures and thoroughly updated diagnostic and treatment information.[books.google.de]

Prognosis

  • Atelectasis classically affects the anterior segments of the upper lobes or the medial segment of the RML · Pleura § Pleural effusion as a manifestation of primary TB occurs more often in adults than children § With appropriate treatment, it carries the best prognosis[learningradiology.com]
  • […] this has not yet developed in infants and young children, which is why the distal lung is rather hyperlucent in this population (e.g. congenital bronchial atresia, foreign body aspiration) distal airway dilatation double artery sign 9 Treatment and prognosis[radiopaedia.org]
  • . ; Data analysis including demographics, clinical features, histopathologic characteristics, treatment, and prognosis was performed using SPSS 20 (SPSS Inc, Chicago, IL), Prism 5.0 (Graphpad Software, La Jolla, CA), and Excel 2010 (Microsoft Corp, Redmond[yyqmomgt.gq]
  • The prognosis was so excellent. Although mild mucosal swelling and/or hyperemia and good prognosis were compatible with non-spesific bronchitic endobronchial tuberculosis, we did not classified our patient into this type.[tuberktoraks.org]
  • Fifty-six cases were subjected to bronchoscopy and chest computed tomography to assess the prognosis of bronchostenosis and bronchial obstruction.[spandidos-publications.com]

Etiology

  • Despite an exhaustive evaluation, a specific etiology was never determined. The patient was given the diagnosis of acquired idiopathic localized bronchostenosis with frequent recurrence of pneumonia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Treatment Treatment depends on an etiology B.[bigmed.info]
  • Etiology Study of causes of diseases 32. Exodate anything coming out of body 33. Gastralgia stomach pain 34. Gastromegaly enlargement of stomach 35. Helminths parasitic worms 36. Hepatomalacia softening of liver tissue 37.[coursehero.com]
  • Etiology Mucoid impaction may result from either obstructive or non-obstructive causes, although the latter does eventually obstruct the bronchi as well: Non-obstructive Non-obstructive causes are infectious or inflammatory in nature: cystic fibrosis[radiopaedia.org]

Epidemiology

  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and[ingentaconnect.com]
  • A prospective, population-based study of the demographics, epidemiology, management, and outcome of out-of-hospital pediatric cardiopulmonary arrest. Ann Emerg Med. ‎[books.google.it]
  • Moreover, it can facilitate epidemiological research and the longitudinal follow-up of asbestos exposure and asbestos-related diseases.[journals.plos.org]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Left Upper Lobe Atelectasis Common Pathophysiology: endobronchial cancer, rarely a metastasis endobronchial mucus plug (eg asthmatics, bronchopulmonary aspergillosis) constriction of bronchus by tumor (small cell, lymphoma), bronchostenosis endobronchial[individual.utoronto.ca]
  • These results are similar to those previously reported in other diseases (23, 53) and are in agreement with the involved pathophysiology (1, 43).[journals.plos.org]

Prevention

  • This necessitated laser therapy to eliminate the filaments of the stent crossing the lobar orifice, preventing subsequent obstruction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Thus, in order for early diagnosis and prevention of this disease, we need to pay meticulous attention to its clinical manifestations and bronchoscopic features.[jctm.mums.ac.ir]
  • The prompt diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis is important to prevent ETB complications and also to prevent dissemination to other individuals.[omicsonline.org]
  • CONCLUSION: Early diagnosis and early administration of anti-tuberculosis chemotherapy before involvement of the deeper airways is important to prevent the development of unwanted sequelae of bronchostenosis.[ingentaconnect.com]
  • Official American Thoracic Society/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/Infectious Diseases Society of America Clinical Practice Guidelines: Treatment of Drug-Susceptible Tuberculosis.[jtd.amegroups.com]

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