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Burn Injury


Presentation

  • However, nonepidemic forms, which are present worldwide, may have a severe invasive presentation, especially among those with liver disease or other immunocompromised states.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Cervical epidural abscesses are rare and present in a variety of ways. Acute onset of quadriplegia without a history of trauma should trigger a workup to make the diagnosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The authors present a case of Takotsubo cardiomyopathy complicating a minor burn injury that occurred during an operating room fire.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Patients with circumferential extremity burns may have a deficiency of cutaneous veins, which presents a challenge for both autologous reconstruction and vascularized composite allotransplantation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • In this report, we describe a patient with chronic pain, morbid obesity, and severe sleep apnea who presented with uncontrolled pain resulting from a burn injury to the dorsum of his feet.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Sleep Apnea
  • In this report, we describe a patient with chronic pain, morbid obesity, and severe sleep apnea who presented with uncontrolled pain resulting from a burn injury to the dorsum of his feet.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Left Ventricular Dysfunction
  • Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is characterized by severe left ventricular dysfunction that is incited by severe psychological or physical stress.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Myopathy
  • After treatment for her burn injuries, her cardiac myopathy resolved, and she was discharged home. Takotsubo cardiomyopathy may be precipitated by burn injury. Treatment is supportive, but it should be instituted quickly to avoid complications.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Erythema
  • Pathological analysis and the donor's medical history suggested that rosacea transferred from the donor caused the erythema, successfully treated with topical metronidazol.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] restoration, as nearly as possible, to the pre-burn quality of health and psychological well being. (4) The burn wound is a complex and dynamic injury characterized by a central zone of coagulation, surrounded by an area of stasis, and bordered by an area of erythema[uhms.org]
  • Examples of exfoliative disorders or major skin disorders: Steven’s Johnson Syndrome TEN: Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis Erythema Multiforme SSSS: Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome Fournier’s Gangrene DRESS Syndrome: Drug Reaction with Eosinophila and[columbia-stmarys.org]
  • Injuries can range from local erythema to full-thickness burns. As with other organs, the severity of a surface burn depends on the intensity of the current, surface involved, and duration of exposure.[accjournal.org]
  • . % TBSA – percentage of total body surface area burnt (not including erythema or superficial burns) calculated using the Lund Browder chart .[rch.org.au]
Alopecia
  • Our experience with minigrafts for burn alopecia has not been adequate. Here in this article, different methods of eyebrow reconstruction are presented with the greater emphasis on superficial temporal artery flap.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Hyperkeratosis
  • Abstract X-linked ichthyosis is a skin condition of decreased keratin degradation and hyperkeratosis resulting from a deficiency of steroid sulfatase causing scaly skin.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Quadriplegia
  • Acute onset of quadriplegia without a history of trauma should trigger a workup to make the diagnosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Workup

  • Acute onset of quadriplegia without a history of trauma should trigger a workup to make the diagnosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Treatment

  • While the goals for treatment were the same for both children, the child who received only standard care was diagnosed with two blood stream infections and four hospital acquired conditions while the child who received supplemental treatment with essential[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] in Siemianowice Śląskie, Siemianowice Śląskie, Poland. 5 Dr Stanislaw Sakiel Center for Burns Treatment in Siemianowice Śląskie, Siemianowice Śląskie, Poland. 6 Dr Stanislaw Sakiel Center for Burns Treatment in Siemianowice Śląskie, Siemianowice Śląskie[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Treatment is supportive, but it should be instituted quickly to avoid complications.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • One acute rejection episode was reversed with a brief methylprednisolone bolus treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prognosis

  • Resuscitation was carried out, and the patient's family consented to an emergency Caesarean section in view of the grave prognosis of such burn injuries. A live male infant was delivered via emergency Caesarean section.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Persons who have large surface areas of their body burned have a poorer prognosis (chance of surviving and doing well after an injury).[jamanetwork.com]
  • Fourth-degree burns are of grave prognosis, particularly if they involve more than a small portion of the body. In these deep burns toxic materials may be released into the bloodstream.[britannica.com]
  • If patients are brought to a centre for burn injuries with hypothermia, starting at a body temperature below 36 C, it has a measurable influence on the prognosis, i.e., the severity of the disease, the development in the next hours and the survival of[ctif.org]
  • Hypertrophic scarring is more common following deeper burns treated by surgery and skin grafting than with superficial burns. [ 2 ] Prognosis Will depend on depth of burn and the body surface area affected.[patient.info]

Etiology

  • The etiologic factors, symptoms, signs, course, and treatment alternatives for phytophotodermatitis are also reviewed briefly.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Unusual etiologies of foot injury may be of interest.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Scalds were the most prevalent etiology at 76%. Parents involved with DCFS were 5 years younger than those without DCFS.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] therapy* Compression Bandages Dermatologic Agents/administration & dosage* Disease Models, Animal Humans Laser Therapy Patient Satisfaction Phototherapy Pruritus/etiology Quality of Life* Skin Transplantation*/methods Skin Transplantation*/trends Surgical[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Although the underlying etiology that triggered the events leading to thermal injury was an electrical accident, the current did not pass through any part of the patient's body, as what happens in an electrical injury.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Epidemiology

  • Copyright 2016 Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. KEYWORDS: Antibiotic use; Antimicrobial resistance[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Enhanced regional and global understanding of burn epidemiology may help prioritise the selection, development and testing of primary prevention interventions for burns in resource-limited settings. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The majority of DCFS investigations were unsubstantiated and there were no significant epidemiological differences between unsubstantiated and substantiated cases of abuse.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Epidemiological study, level III; Therapy, level IV.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • This is the first study to report the epidemiology of postburn contractures in the pediatric population.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • […] and Allergy Research, Center for Pathophysiology, Infectiology, and Immunology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • In our current understanding, the pathophysiology of electrical injury dictates the transmission of current through living tissues, leading to a specific type of tissue damage that should be distinguishable from the type that results from a usual thermal[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • BACKGROUND: It is known that acute respiratory distress syndrome and acute lung injury are independent risk factors for developing acute kidney injury (AKI) through complex pathophysiologic mechanisms.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • However, major burns generate a marked pathophysiological inflammatory response through a widespread release of abundant pro-inflammatory mediators that predispose patients to a systemic inflammatory response syndrome, sepsis and multi-organ failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The body's response to burns Understanding the pathophysiology of a burn injury (sometimes called burn shock) is key to effective management. Different causes lead to different burn injury patterns, which require different management.[journals.lww.com]

Prevention

  • More accurate and objective assessment of burn depth would assist in the prevention and identification of wounds requiring customized surgery.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Our findings may help clinicians to develop effective preventive and therapeutic strategies and provide appropriate, timely initial treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We propose that MAM7-functionalized microbeads can be used as a topical treatment, to reduce bacterial attachment and hence prevent bacterial colonization and infection of wounds.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • However, over the years, readers have misinterpreted their findings and incorporated misleading information about the time-temperature relationship into a wide range of industrial standards, burn prevention literature and medicolegal opinion.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Hip prosthesis in the sitting posture is an effective temporary prosthesis to prevent disuse until wounds are healed and to continue rehabilitation with standard prostheses.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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