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Calcium Carbonate


Presentation

  • We report the first case of Mirizzi syndrome in a patient who presented with biliary obstruction caused by pure calcium carbonate stones. A 61 years old male with history of portal vein thrombosis presented with rash, nausea and jaundice.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Bioracine is a buried dental implant with a special screw thread, presenting a large surface which shows pores of 2-3 mum.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty periodontitis subjects presenting hypersensitivity were subjected to scaling and root planing and in-office application of either 8% arginine and calcium carbonate desensitizing paste (25 subjects, test group) or fluoride-free[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • How calcium carbonate is turned into fillers and functional additives A long history of uses from prehistory to the present day Calcium carbonate has been used since prehistoric times to the present day.[calcium-carbonate.org.uk]
  • RESULTS: SEM analysis presented occlusion and narrowing of dentinal tubules in all treatment groups, but more prominent occlusion was observed in the combined treatment group.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Medication Noncompliance
  • Initially, severe hypocalcemia (corrected Ca: 4.8-5.6mg/dL; nadir ionized Ca: 0.57-0.69mmol/L) was attributed solely to medical noncompliance with oral Ca carbonate (3750mg, 3 /day between meals) and calcitriol (2-4mcg/day).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Euthyroid
  • A 61-year-old white woman with primary hypothyroidism, systemic lupus erythematosus, celiac disease, and history of Whipple resection for pancreatic cancer was euthyroid with levothyroxine 175-188 micrograms/d.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Noncompliance
  • Initially, severe hypocalcemia (corrected Ca: 4.8-5.6mg/dL; nadir ionized Ca: 0.57-0.69mmol/L) was attributed solely to medical noncompliance with oral Ca carbonate (3750mg, 3 /day between meals) and calcitriol (2-4mcg/day).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Jaundice
  • A 61 years old male with history of portal vein thrombosis presented with rash, nausea and jaundice. An ultrasound of biliary tree showed gallstones with dilatation of hepatic duct and intrahepatic biliary tree.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Thrombosis
  • A 61 years old male with history of portal vein thrombosis presented with rash, nausea and jaundice. An ultrasound of biliary tree showed gallstones with dilatation of hepatic duct and intrahepatic biliary tree.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • After a total of 11 applications the patient developed a port thrombosis resistant to lysis with urokinase. The blocked catheter was surgically explanted and the firm material inside was analyzed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Vascular Disease
  • Calcium carbonate deposition disease represents an unusual clinical entity that is possibly associated with scleroderma or other collagen-vascular diseases, and it is distinct from ligamentum flavum calcification, calcium pyrophosphate deposition disease[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Neglect
  • Calcium carbonate gallbladder stones were easily neglected because they were previously reported as a rare stone type in adults.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • In classical nucleation theories, only enthalpic effects (interaction potentials) are taken into account, and entropic solvent effects are neglected.[science.sciencemag.org]

Treatment

  • […] would improve the efficacy of the treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The study consisted of two treatment phases with a washout period lasting seven ( /- three) days preceding each treatment phase. A silica-based dentifrice without fluoride was used during the washout period.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • RESULTS: Immediately after prophylaxis, the Test treatment provided significant reduction in DHS when compared to baseline values (VAS 26.2% and Schiff 29.1%), while for Control treatment this difference was not statistically significant (VAS 8.1% and[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Treatment with hydration, furosemide, and discontinuation of the calcium and vitamin D source is adequate. Pamidronate treatment is associated with considerable risk for hypocalcemia, even in cases of initially severe hypercalcemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • After a second two-week washout period, subjects crossed over to either of the alternate treatments for another eight weeks.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prognosis

  • KEYWORDS: calcium carbonate; lanthanum carbonate; patient prognosis; vitamin D3 preparations[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Etiology

  • Preoperative work-up revealed no etiology. Analysis of the stones revealed the content to be pure calcium carbonate. The mother had taken a calcium carbonate supplement during the last four months of the pregnancy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Pathophysiology

  • Given the pathophysiology of milk-alkali syndrome compared to other causes of hypercalcemia, hypocalcemia with rebound hyperparathyroidism is probably unique to milk-alkali syndrome.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • In addition to our highlighted cases, we review the history, classification, pathophysiologic features, and treatment of milk-alkali syndrome and summarize the cases reported from early 1995 to November 2003.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prevention

  • It is possible that the incidence of the milk-alkali syndrome will increase with the current popularity of prescribing calcium carbonate for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • CONCLUSION: Supplementation with calcium (citrate or carbonate) and vitamin D is recommended after surgery for prevention of secondary hyperparathyroidism.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Furthermore, CD9-Lac/CaCO 3 /Rapa exhibited high uptake and anti-senescence effects (reduced β-galactosidase and p53/p21/CD9/cyclin D1 expression, reduced population doubling time, enhanced cell proliferation and migration, and prevention of cell cycle[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are given calcium carbonate to bind dietary phosphorus, reduce phosphorus retention, and prevent negative calcium balance; however, data are limited on calcium and phosphorus balance during CKD to support this[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Calcium products bind to quinolone (for example, ciprofloxacin ) and tetracycline (for example, Sumycin) antibiotics in the intestine and can prevent their absorption into the body.[medicinenet.com]

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