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Calf Muscle Discomfort


Presentation

  • This is required to identify swelling, thickening, tenderness, defects and masses if present.[physio-pedia.com]
  • Minimal pain but an inability to walk will be present.[thephysiocompany.com]
  • The pain from the Plantar Fasciitis tends to ease after a few minutes of walking but is present every day.[sydneyheelpain.com.au]
  • While blood clots in the deep veins of the leg can cause pain the leg, it is not the usual presentation. Most of them do not have symptoms. Blood clots in the deep veins are treated with blood thinners.[zocdoc.com]
  • Leg deformity and swelling may also be present. Bone Infection Rarely, a bone infection in the lower leg may cause calf pain, usually described as dull and constant. In addition to pain, warmth, redness, and swelling may be present.[verywell.com]
Movement Disorder
  • Leg twitching or kicking while sleeping – Many people with RLS also have periodic limb movement disorder (PLMD), which involves repetitive cramping or jerking of the legs during sleep.[helpguide.org]
Nausea
  • Medications to watch out for include: Over-the-counter sleeping pills Cold and allergy medications containing antihistamines (such as Benadryl, NyQuil, and Dimetapp) Anti-nausea medications (such as Antivert, Compazine, and Dramamine) Calcium channel[helpguide.org]
Arthritis
  • Arthritis There are many types of arthritis . Osteoarthritis, the most common form, breaks down the cartilage in your joints, causing a buildup of painful bone spurs, cartilage loss, inflammation or soreness.[nextavenue.org]
  • Also, neuritis (a nerve infection) and arthritis (a joint infection). Septic Arthritis (Serious). A bacterial infection of any joint space is a medical emergency. The symptoms are severe joint pain, joint stiffness and a high fever.[seattlechildrens.org]
  • A variety of changes in the back from arthritis, a herniated disc , muscle spasm, or injury may cause sciatica.[emedicinehealth.com]
  • Increased forefoot loading exacerbates any problem a patient may have in the forefoot such as: 2nd MTP joint instability Lesser toe problems Hammer toe Claw toe Mallet toe Bunion (hallux valgus) Big toe arthritis (hallux rigidus) Morton’s neuroma Lesser[lfaclinic.co.uk]
Flexion Contracture
  • But don't forget about it; if left in place too long can cause a flexion contracture (shortening) of the achilles tendon and permanent stiffness of the ankle.[wikihow.com]
Foot Drop
  • Rarely, a severe peroneal nerve entrapment leads to muscle weakness and foot drop .[verywell.com]

Treatment

  • Treatment Treatment may not be medically necessary unless symptoms are problematic. However, some people may want treatment for cosmetic reasons, because they are unhappy with the appearance of varicose veins.[southerncross.co.nz]
  • Our Sports Physiotherapists have extensive experience in the treatment of calf injuries and will guide you through a personalised treatment plan, so you know you are in safe hands.[thephysiocompany.com]
  • Seek treatment as soon as you feel heel pain — a medical professional can formulate a treatment plan incorporating the following strategies: Stretch it out.[experiencelife.com]
  • When should I seek treatment for my calf pain? If you’ve suffered a trauma and are experiencing any of the above symptoms of calf pain, it’s a good idea to seek out treatment.[therapydiaportland.com]
  • Medical treatments can help if your doctor says you have a condition like leg cramps , blood clots , or issues with the nerves. But you can do things at home that help, too. Bones, Joints, and Muscles Muscle cramp.[webmd.com]

Prognosis

  • Prognosis of a calf strain With appropriate management, patients with a minor calf strain can usually recover in one to three weeks. With a more severe calf strain, recovery may take four to eight weeks or longer depending on the severity.[physioadvisor.com.au]
  • The prognosis of this disease is highly variable and depends heavily on habits, medical history, and genetics. Peripheral artery disease is a chronic non-life threatening condition.[buoyhealth.com]
  • Inability to contract calf muscle May have palpable defect Thomson's test positive 6 months after surgery Characteristics/Clinical Presentation It is important to differentiate between muscle strains within the calf complex in order to formulate a correct prognosis[physio-pedia.com]
  • What Is the Prognosis of Leg Pain? Advances in the management of chronic pain are occurring routinely, and those with chronic leg pain may be beneficiaries of that research.[emedicinehealth.com]

Etiology

  • Functionally, plantaris is not a major contributor and acts with gastrocnemius as both a flexor of the knee and a plantarflexor of the ankle. [9] Epidemiology/Etiology Muscle strains most commonly occur in bi-articular muscles such as the hamstrings,[physio-pedia.com]

Epidemiology

  • Seite 81 - Garrick JG: The frequency of injury, mechanism of injury and epidemiology of ankle sprains. ‎ Seite 81 - CLOSE, JR: Some Applications of the Functional Anatomy of the Ankle Joint. J. Bone and Joint Surg., 38-A: 761-781, July 1956. ‎[books.google.de]
  • Functionally, plantaris is not a major contributor and acts with gastrocnemius as both a flexor of the knee and a plantarflexor of the ankle. [9] Epidemiology/Etiology Muscle strains most commonly occur in bi-articular muscles such as the hamstrings,[physio-pedia.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Prevention

  • How to Prevent Muscle Spasms While Pregnant Ideally, it is best to take steps to prevent muscle spasms versus spending time treating them when they occur.[americanpregnancy.org]
  • This knowledge will help you prevent injury and muscle stress. Tips To conclude, we will leave you with two invaluable tips to help you prevent calf muscle pain.[medguidance.com]
  • Preventative methods can help you reduce the risk of leg cramps and avoid the pain that they bring.[belmarrahealth.com]
  • Prevention Tight calf muscles are more often the result of inadequate stretching complicated by an underlying foot or gait abnormality. To this end, there are several things you can do to prevent them from occurring: Never run cold.[verywellfit.com]
  • Rather, you need to prevent calf injuries in two contexts. First, strengthen the hips and glutes to ensure that you generate enough power to prevent the leg from being straight as it passes underneath the body.[active.com]

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