Edit concept Question Editor Create issue ticket

Calf Muscle Strain


Presentation

  • It is necessary to identify tenderness, swelling, thickening, defects, and masses if present. Gastrocnemius strains typically present with tenderness in the medial belly or the musculotendinous junction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Abstract CLINICAL PRESENTATION & EXAM : Calf strains are usually the result of a sudden pushing off movement or over-stretching of the muscle and usually afflict athletes and others later in life.[digitalcommons.wku.edu]
  • These injuries present with more pain (described as sharp in nature), significant loss of muscle strength and range of motion. Swelling is more severe and bruising quickly develops because of the internal bleeding from the torn muscle fibers.[wikihow.com]
Swelling
  • Swelling and disability are generally mild [ 8 ].[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Additionally, the patient should be observed for swelling, bruising, and overpronation.[digitalcommons.wku.edu]
  • Symptoms of a calf muscle strain include a ‘popping’ or’tearing’ sensation, pain, swelling, bruising or pain on moving. There are different types of muscle strains varying from minor to a complete rupture.[myphysio.ie]
  • Ice—Ice therapy may help relieve swelling. Heat or cold may be advised throughout recovery if they provide benefits. Compression—Used for a limited time, compression bandages can provide gentle pressure to help move fluids out of the area.[winchesterhospital.org]
  • Question If my calf hurts, but there is no swelling or redness, could I have torn it? It's possible, but it's more likely that you have just sprained your calf muscle if there's no swelling or redness.[wikihow.com]
Pain
  • Grade Symptoms Signs Pathologic correlation Radiology correlation Grade 1 1st degree mild Sharp pain at time of injury or pain with activity. Usually able to continue activity Mild pain and localized tenderness.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Soleus muscle damage usually occurs lower in the leg and is not painful when bending the knee.[digitalcommons.wku.edu]
  • Symptoms of a calf muscle strain include a ‘popping’ or’tearing’ sensation, pain, swelling, bruising or pain on moving. There are different types of muscle strains varying from minor to a complete rupture.[myphysio.ie]
  • Topical NSAIDs for acute pain in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010;(6):CD007402. EBSCO Medical Review Board Alan Drabkin, MD 201803 20130318[winchesterhospital.org]
  • I head a pop in my upper calf and had severe pain afterwards. I was able to point my toe when the doctor asked me to and I didn't have pain when he held my foot to the floor and told me to push down.[wikihow.com]
Physician
  • […] flexible, so they can absorb the energy of sudden physical stress Learn the proper technique for exercise and sporting activities to decrease stress on all your muscles Resources American Council on Exercise Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians[winchesterhospital.org]
  • It may be particularly useful when used as part of the initial clinical exam by the sports medicine physician when severe pain and swelling limit clinical testing.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • If you develop calf pain that won't go away after a few days, then schedule an appointment with your family physician.[wikihow.com]
Weakness
  • During the patient history, the patient usually presents with a sharp pain at the back of the lower leg and has pain and weakness in active plantarflexion. Additionally, the patient should be observed for swelling, bruising, and overpronation.[digitalcommons.wku.edu]
  • Previous strain or injury to the area Muscle fatigue Tight calf muscles Poor conditioning Not being ready for the exercise or stress (poor conditioning) Symptoms Symptoms may include: Pain and tenderness in the calf Stiffness in the calf muscles Weakness[winchesterhospital.org]
Severe Pain
  • Edema and hemorrhage Grade 3 3rd degree severe Immediate severe pain, disability Complete loss of muscle function Palpable defect or mass.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • I head a pop in my upper calf and had severe pain afterwards. I was able to point my toe when the doctor asked me to and I didn't have pain when he held my foot to the floor and told me to push down.[wikihow.com]
Muscle Strain
  • MyPhysio’s thoughts on Calf Muscle Strain If given enough time and rest, a minor muscle strain will heal itself.[myphysio.ie]
  • Factors that increase your chance of developing a calf muscle strain: Participation in sports that require bursts of speed.[winchesterhospital.org]
  • TREATMENT & RETURN TO ACTIVITY : Calf muscle strains are graded from I-III, representing the degree of muscle fiber tear: 50%, respectively.[digitalcommons.wku.edu]
  • Keywords: Muscle strain, Calf, Gastrocnemius, Soleus Introduction Calf strains are a common injury.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Rest and home care modalities (such as ice) are appropriate for mild-to-moderate calf muscle strains.[wikihow.com]
Muscle Weakness
  • Previous strain or injury to the area Muscle fatigue Tight calf muscles Poor conditioning Not being ready for the exercise or stress (poor conditioning) Symptoms Symptoms may include: Pain and tenderness in the calf Stiffness in the calf muscles Weakness[winchesterhospital.org]
Calf Pain
  • If you develop calf pain that won't go away after a few days, then schedule an appointment with your family physician.[wikihow.com]
Muscle Cramp
  • Warming up then stretching your calf muscles prior to any athletic activity may help prevent injuries such as strains, sprains and muscle cramps. [7] Part 3 Treating Grade II Calf Strains 1 Differentiate between gastrocnemius vs. soleus strain.[wikihow.com]
Muscle Spasm
  • It involves significant pain (burning and/or sharp in nature), immediately severe inflammation and bruising, muscle spasms and sometimes an audible "pop" as the muscle is severed. [14] There is also a palpable bulging defect in the calf as the larger[wikihow.com]
Suggestibility
  • A palpable defect in the muscle helps in localization and suggests more severe injury. The origin of the gastrocnemius and soleus are anatomically distinct arising from above and below the knee respectively.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Do you have any suggestions for me? I head a pop in my upper calf and had severe pain afterwards. I was able to point my toe when the doctor asked me to and I didn't have pain when he held my foot to the floor and told me to push down.[wikihow.com]

Treatment

  • Wavy tendon morphology and retraction Treatment for calf strains Accurate diagnosis and early appropriate treatment can significantly affect duration and amount of disability [ 1 ].[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you.[winchesterhospital.org]
  • TREATMENT & RETURN TO ACTIVITY : Calf muscle strains are graded from I-III, representing the degree of muscle fiber tear: 50%, respectively.[digitalcommons.wku.edu]
  • Most Grade I lower leg strains cause discomfort for between two to five days post injury, but may take a few weeks to fully heal, depending on proportion of muscle fibers involved and the type of treatment sought. 2 Utilize the R.I.C.E. treatment protocol[wikihow.com]

Prognosis

  • Differentiating strains in the gastrocnemius and soleus is particularly important for an accurate prognosis, appropriate treatment, and successful prevention of recurrent injury.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Epidemiology

  • Differentiating calf muscle strains Although epidemiology and clinical history can help to distinguish strains of the soleus and gastrocnemius, it is the physical exam that allows us to isolate the site and severity of injury.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Prevention

  • Elevation—Keeping the area elevated can help fluids drain out or prevent fluids from building up. Prescription or over-the-counter medications may be advised to reduce pain. Physical Therapy A physical therapist will assess the muscle.[winchesterhospital.org]
  • Acute treatment is aimed at limiting hemorrhage and pain, as well as preventing complications.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Poor biomechanics or foot posture contribute to calf injuries, so you may be fit with custom foot orthotics after your rehabilitation to prevent further problems.[wikihow.com]

Ask Question

5000 Characters left Format the text using: # Heading, **bold**, _italic_. HTML code is not allowed.
By publishing this question you agree to the TOS and Privacy policy.
• Use a precise title for your question.
• Ask a specific question and provide age, sex, symptoms, type and duration of treatment.
• Respect your own and other people's privacy, never post full names or contact information.
• Inappropriate questions will be deleted.
• In urgent cases contact a physician, visit a hospital or call an emergency service!