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Calotropis Procera


  • DISCUSSION: The present data suggest that ethanol, butanol, and EtOAc extracts of Calotropis procera have negative chronotropism and positive inotropism.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
El Salvador
  • Árboles nativos e introduciados de El Salvador. Parte 1: Angiospermae - Familias A a L Englera 29-1: 1-438. Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (2009). Flora Mesoamericana 4(1): 1-855. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F. Lisowski, S. (2009).[plantsoftheworldonline.org]
  • Virgin Islands (British) CENTRAL AMERICA: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Venezuela BRAZIL: Brazil SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Paraguay Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. et al. 1996. Flora of St. John, U.S.[npgsweb.ars-grin.gov]
  • Serv. (2013) Naturalized Central America Central America (Pacific rim) El Salvador (Republic of) introduced invasive U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res.[hear.org]
  • […] fruit English (US) felt plant English (US) French cotton English (US) giant milkweed English mudar plant English rooster tree English Mudarstrauch German Oscherstrauch German Sodommapfel German algodón de seda Spanish (PY) bomba Spanish (CO) calotropo Italian[gd.eppo.int]
  • Oscherstrauch (Source: Dict Rehm) - German aak (Source: Dict Rehm) - India akada (Source: Dict Rehm) - India rui (Source: Dict Rehm) - India madar (Source: Hortus 3) - India (Hindi) mudar (Source: Hortus 3) - India (Hindi) calotropo (Source: Mansf Ency) - Italian[npgsweb.ars-grin.gov]
Cape Verde
  • [s.n.], Cape Verde K001134231 Cardoso, J. [173], Cape Verde K001134230 s.coll. [91 B], Bihar K000910117 Moseley [s.n.], Cape Verde K001134232 Bolle, C.B. [s.n.], Cape Verde K001134228 Mar 20, 1989 Royle, H.B.[plantsoftheworldonline.org]
  • Dict Rehm) - Spanish gråbladig kronbuske (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish akund (Source: Dict Rehm) - unknown Medicines: folklore (fide F ChinaEng; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2) Vertebrate poisons: mammals Weed: Native Africa MACARONESIA: Cape[npgsweb.ars-grin.gov]
Intravenous Administration
  • The intravenous administration of LPp1-P4 to mouse impaired neutrophil infiltration into the peritoneal cavity induced by carrageenan.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Corneal Edema
  • Corneal edema resolves if sufficient endothelial cell viability is still present after resolution of ushaar keratitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • All eyes had conjunctival congestion and mild to severe corneal edema with Descemet's folds. Three (10%) eyes had an epithelial defect, nine (31%) had iridocyclitis, and seven (24%) had associated secondary glaucoma.[ijo.in]
  • All patients presented with sudden painless dimness of vision with photophobia. Twenty-five (86%) patients had initial visual acuity of less than 20/60. All eyes had conjunctival congestion and mild to severe corneal edema with Descemet's folds.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Satan and his cohorts eat after having tempted Adam and Eve to eat an apple from the Tree of the knowledge of good and evil : ...greedy they pluck'd The Frutage fair to sight, like that which grew Neer that bituminous Lake where Sodom flam'd; This more delusive[en.wikipedia.org]
  • […] bituminous Lake where Sodom flam'd; This more delusive, not the touch, but taste Deceav'd; they fondly thinking to allay Thir appetite with gust, instead of Fruit Chewd bitter Ashes, which th' offended taste With spattering noise rejected: oft they assayd Hunger[en.wikipedia.org]
  • The large doses of its latex and leaf juice produces toxic symptoms like burning in throat, irriation of the stomach, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, tremors, vertigo and convulsions.[herbalcureindia.com]
  • It also yield ash for making gun powder, the latex is processed and use in treating vertigo, baldness, hair fall, tooth aches, intermittent fevers, rheumatoid/joints swellings and paralysis (Vohra, 2004).[article.sapub.org]


  • ., Microsporum spp. and Epidermophyton spp. using the agar incorporation method.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]


  • Treatment with the extracts at various doses of 1, 5, 10 and 25 microg/ml revealed that CM, CH and CE possessed cytotoxicity, whereas CW did not have cytotoxic effect.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The extremely poisonous roots are used in the treatment of snakebites[ 303 ]. The leaves are used for the treatment of asthma[ 266 ]. The milky sap is used as a rubefacient and is also strongly purgative and caustic[ 303 ].[pfaf.org]
  • Seedlings from the Canga treatment were significantly higher in concern to stem length, leaf biomass and total biomass. In respect to nutrient content there were higher phosphorus, iron and zinc levels in the seedlings from the Canga treatment.[revistas.unisinos.br]
  • Leaves are useful in the treatment of paralysis, arthralgia, swellings and intermittent fevers. Flowers are useful in asthma, catarrh, anorexia, inflammations and tumours.[motherherbs.com]


  • This study was carried out to elucidate the antimycotic activity of the fresh latex of C. procera against selected representative species of the dermatophytes (the etiologic agent of dermatomycosis), and clarify the above claim by the local people.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]


  • The latex of Calotropis procera causes significant ocular morbidity which may be preventable by simple health education. The long-term effect on corneal endothelium has to be studied further.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Remove developing seed pods before they split open to prevent possible invasive spread of wind-blown seed.[missouribotanicalgarden.org]
  • These restrictions may prevent the use of one or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances.[keyserver.lucidcentral.org]

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