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Campylobacter Coli


Presentation

  • We present a rare case of mid-gestation intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) associated with maternal bacteremia caused by C. coli infection.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The flaA, cadF and ciaB genes were present in 100% of isolates, while no plasmid of virB11 gene was present in their genome. The prevalence of invasion-associated marker was 100% among C. coli and was not detected in C. jejuni isolates.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • No pericardial effusion was present but the pericardium appeared echodense. A diagnosis of myopericarditis was made on the basis of chest pain, typical ECG changes and troponin rise.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • A case history of spontaneous abortion, at 26 weeks' duration, associated with maternal bacteraemia, due to Campylobacter coli is presented. Transmission, pathogenesis, treatment, and the need for further investigation are discussed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • In this minireview, the patterns of emerging resistance to the antimicrobial agents useful in treatment of the disease are presented and the mechanisms of resistance to these drugs in Campylobacter spp are discussed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Rigor
  • The results enabled a better understanding of strains circulating in Brazil and suggest that more rigorous control measures may be needed, given the importance of contaminated food as vehicles for Campylobacter coli. Copyright 2018 Elsevier Ltd.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Neglect
  • Although the associated gene clusters are well studied for C. jejuni subsp. jejuni, C. coli has been largely neglected.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Although Brazil is the largest exporter of poultry meat in the world, campylobacteriosis has been a neglected disease in the country.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Workup

Pericardial Effusion
  • No pericardial effusion was present but the pericardium appeared echodense. A diagnosis of myopericarditis was made on the basis of chest pain, typical ECG changes and troponin rise.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Hepatocellular Carcinoma
  • Two isolates of serum-susceptible Campylobacter coli were recovered in a 7-day interval from blood from a patient with hepatocellular carcinoma and liver cirrhosis whose peritoneal-caval (Denver's) shunt malfunctioned.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Treatment

  • Samples were analyzed before treatment, after each treatment step, and after 2, 4, and 6 months of frozen storage.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Campylobacter coli (C. coli) is a rare pathogen of bacteremia, but in immunocompromised hosts, C. coli occasionally causes bacteremia which can be refractory to antibiotic treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Although hospitalization for intravenous treatment was repeatedly recommended, he obstinately declined it.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The bacterial isolates were predominantly susceptible to antimicrobial agents, and the outcome of the disease was typically good, regardless of appropriate or inappropriate antimicrobial treatment given in the hospital.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The patient fully recovered after meropenem treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Etiology

Epidemiology

  • Epidemiological information was collected for each of these cases, including food and recreational exposure variables, and the epidemiologies of C. jejuni and C. coli were compared using case-case methodology.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • This analysis establishes for the first time in Greece and constitutes an important tool for the epidemiological surveillance and control of Campylobacter infection in our country.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Their clinical history, epidemiology and microbiological analysis, development of specific serum and mucosal immunity as well as total Ig synthesis are discussed on the basis of their close genetic and environmental relationships.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • At the same time, the epidemiological and environmental investigations of this outbreak were very limited and did not provide enough evidence to identify the source of infection, and thus to support the hypothesis formulated by the local epidemiologist[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • This microarray was confirmed to be a powerful diagnostic tool for monitoring emerging Campylobacter pathotypes as well as for epidemiological, environmental, and phylogenetic studies including the evaluation of genome plasticity.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Prevention

  • Author information 1 Division of Infection Control and Prevention, Osaka University Hospital, Japan. 2 Laboratory for Clinical Investigation, Osaka University Hospital, Japan. 3 Department of Pediatrics, Osaka University Hospital, Japan.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • However, MOS and other nondigestible oligosaccharides may also prevent pathogen colonization by inhibiting adherence in the gastrointestinal tract.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Crim SM , Griffin PM , Tauxe R , Marder EP , Gilliss D , Cronquist AB , ; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention .[wwwnc.cdc.gov]
  • Abstract Preventing campylobacteriosis depends on a thorough understanding of its epidemiology.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Therefore, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) primers used to detect these species need to be evaluated carefully to prevent misidentification of these important Campylobacter species.[liebertpub.com]

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