Edit concept Question Editor Create issue ticket

Campylobacter Fetus


Presentation

  • Human infection with Campylobacter fetus is rare, but it often presents with non-gastrointestinal tract infection among immunocompromised individuals. A 55-year-old abattoir worker presented with a fever.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • No periprosthetic fluid to suggest aortic endograft infection was present. During hospitalization for sepsis, he developed acute right knee pain and swelling.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • It is important to be aware of the possibility of C fetus joint infections in high-risk patients who present with pain after total joint arthroplasty.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We present a rare case of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) infected with Campylobacter fetus. The patient presented with abdominal pain and leukocytosis, without a palpable AAA.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Septic ovarian vein thrombosis should be considered as a differential diagnosis in female patients presenting with fever associated with lower abdominal pain.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Edema of Lower Extremity
  • In this article, a 51-year-old Chinese woman with severe hepatitis B virus infection complicated with alcoholic liver cirrhosis was admitted with a 3-month history of fatigue, jaundice, and edema of lower extremity, as well as presenting a high fever.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Fulminant Sepsis
  • Asplenia may yield an increased risk of fulminant sepsis with various pathogens. Human infection with Campylobacter fetus is rare, but it often presents with non-gastrointestinal tract infection among immunocompromised individuals.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Camping
  • One cluster contained 19 strains clearly identified as Camp. fetus subsp. venerealis. The other cluster comprised 12 strains, of which 10 were unambiguously identified as Camp. fetus subsp. fetus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Lower Abdominal Pain
  • Septic ovarian vein thrombosis should be considered as a differential diagnosis in female patients presenting with fever associated with lower abdominal pain.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Hypotension
  • We report the case of a healthy young man with C. fetus bacteremia presenting with fever, hypotension and meningitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Knee Pain
  • During hospitalization for sepsis, he developed acute right knee pain and swelling. A 5.2-cm popliteal aneurysm, with contained rupture, was found on ultrasound and confirmed by computed tomography and angiography.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Hip Pain
  • A 61-year-old woman was admitted with severe hip pain causing immobility and high serum levels of inflammatory markers. The patient had a medical history of diabetes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Workup

  • The patient was admitted to the hospital for a fever workup. After an extensive workup, a left internal iliac artery aneurysm was found to be the source of sepsis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The workup for infectious diarrhoea, including screening for Clostridium difficile toxin and stool cultures, was negative. She underwent a colonoscopy that did not show any remarkable findings.[scielo.mec.pt]
Muscle Calcification
  • On admission, an enhanced abdominal computed tomography scan showed an abnormal increase in synovial fluid surrounding the right ilium, with piriformis muscle calcification.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Hepatocellular Carcinoma
  • The patient had a 4-year history of hepatocellular carcinoma, resulting in common bile duct obstruction due to abdominal lymph node metastasis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Treatment

  • Aggressive combined antibiotic treatment was effective for her recovery. C. fetus infection is a rarely reported cause of prosthetic valve endocarditis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The patient was fully recovered with oral antibiotic treatment, anticoagulation and supportive therapy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We presented the possibility that infective Campylobacter fetus endocarditis after dental treatment was caused by eating raw meat.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • To present the clinical features of an unusual infection of the spine caused by Campylobacter fetus subspecies fetus and to suggest treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Despite empirical antibiotic treatment, his fever and back pain persisted.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Etiology

  • This is a very unusual etiology of intra-amniotic infection.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Among them, the Campylobacter fetus subspecies fetus and venerealis deserve special attention, as they are the etiological agents of human bacterial gastroenteritis and bovine genital campylobacteriosis, respectively.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • ., which are proposed in secondary investigation of relevant clinical samples, when the routine specimen protocols fail to identify a common etiological pathogen.[dovepress.com]
  • Porcine Pleuropneumonia is considered to be a severe and contagious respiratory disease with potential high morbidity and mortality rates whose etiological agent is Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae (App).[exopol.com]
  • Etiology and Epidemiology: The cause is the motile, gram-negative, curved or spiral, polar flagellated, microaerophilic bacteria Campylobacter fetus venerealis or C fetus fetus .[merckvetmanual.com]

Epidemiology

  • .; C. fetus subsp. venerealis; Campylobacter fetus; bacteria; epidemiology; foodborne infections; human infections; reptiles[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The present case is reported because of its clinical importance and epidemiological implications.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Abstract The epidemiology and antimicrobial susceptibilities of 111 Campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus strains isolated from 103 patients from 1983 to 2000 in Québec, Canada, were determined.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The bacteriology and epidemiology of campylobacteriosis in man is briefly discussed and eight other published cases of aneurysm, infected with the same organism, are tabulated.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • To figure out the epidemiology and pathogenicity of C. fetus infection, the accurate identification of the responsible organisms is essential.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Pathophysiology of Campylobacter enteritis. Microbiol Rev. 1986 Mar. 50(1):81-94. [Medline]. Wassenaar TM, Blaser MJ. Pathophysiology of Campylobacter jejuni infections of humans. Microbes Infect. 1999 Oct. 1(12):1023-33. [Medline].[emedicine.com]

Prevention

  • Prolonged therapy is essential to the prevention of relapse. A high index of suspicion is necessary for the recognition of this organism in the appropriate clinical settings.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Finally, various measures were put into place to prevent any further outbreaks. Conflict of interest and financial support: none declared.[ntvg.nl]
  • It resists the normal bactericidal actions of serum due to its S-protein capsule which prevents C3b binding.[bio-rad-antibodies.com]
  • Endometritis prevents implantation until the infection is cleared and causes early embryonic death and occasionally sporadic abortion. The cow may remain infertile for 3-5 months before immunity develops, which then lasts 4-5 years.[en.wikivet.net]

Ask Question

5000 Characters left Format the text using: # Heading, **bold**, _italic_. HTML code is not allowed.
By publishing this question you agree to the TOS and Privacy policy.
• Use a precise title for your question.
• Ask a specific question and provide age, sex, symptoms, type and duration of treatment.
• Respect your own and other people's privacy, never post full names or contact information.
• Inappropriate questions will be deleted.
• In urgent cases contact a physician, visit a hospital or call an emergency service!