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Cannabis Type Drug Dependence


Presentation

  • The Pharmacological and Epidemiological Aspects of Adolescent Drug Dependence is a collection of proceedings presented at the International Symposium on the Pharmacological and Epidemiological Aspects of Adolescent Drug Dependence, held in London on September[books.google.com]
  • His bill would be presented to the full Legislature for consideration when it convenes in January. If the bill becomes law, Maine would be the first state to allow medical marijuana treatment for addiction to opioids and other drugs, Julia said.[pressherald.com]
  • Because multiple disorders are often present, it is important that treatment addresses all of the problems an individual is facing. Without treating all present disorders, relapse is likely.[townsendla.com]
  • The FDA has also approved two drugs containing a synthetic version of a substance that is present in the marijuana plant and one other drug containing a synthetic substance that acts similarly to compounds from marijuana but is not present in marijuana[fda.gov]
  • Look for a light brown colored wax, and be aware that it may be present in very small quantity and it is often kept in the refrigerator or freezer. You may also notice wax residue because it can be messy when used.[recoveryranch.com]
Antipsychotic Agent
  • Antipsychotic agents for the treatment of substance use disorders in patients with and without comorbid psychosis. (2010) Although there is some preliminary evidence that atypical antipsychotic agents may be effective in treating substance dependence,[mentalhealth.com]
  • They are used extensively in the treatment of various hyperactive and agitated states, and as antipsychotic agents.[britannica.com]
Nausea
  • Cesamet (nabilone) is used for the control of nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapeutic agents used in the treatment of cancer.[drugs.com]
  • In some instances, patients or their caregivers are turning to marijuana in an attempt to treat conditions such as seizures and chemotherapy-induced nausea.[fda.gov]
  • The withdrawal symptoms of synthetic marijuana are generally the same as those for marijuana, and include nausea, diarrhea, anxiety, anger, aggression, irritability, insomnia, decreased appetite. and cravings.[addictioncenter.com]
  • The experience Justin had with cannabis was similar to what has been described by many users: “It calmed me down [and] made my anxiety and nausea symptoms go way down.[thedailybeast.com]
  • Cannabinoids for control of chemotherapy induced nausea and vomiting: Quantitative systematic review. The BMJ, 2001 , 323(16). Retrieved from Thomson, W. M., Poulton, R., Broadbent, J. M., Moffitt, T. E., Caspi, A., Beck, J.[medicalnewstoday.com]
Night Sweats
  • During detox from weed, many users suffer from night sweats and chills, which should fade after a few days. The sweating is triggered by your body attempting to rid itself of toxins. Gastrointestinal distress.[addictionresource.com]
Visual Hallucination
  • …The clinical picture is primarily a paranoid psychosis with ideas of reference, delusions of persecution, auditory and visual hallucinations in a setting of clear consciousness.[britannica.com]
Euphoric Mood
  • Depression, disorientation, dissociation, euphoric mood. Amnesia, balance disorder, disturbance in attention, dysarthria, dysgeusia, lethargy, memory impairment somnolence. Blurred vision. Vertigo.[patient.info]
Depersonalization
  • One may also experience some loss of reality contact in terms of not feeling involved in what one is doing; this may lead to considerable detachment and depersonalization.[britannica.com]
Low Self-Esteem
  • These children and their families are at risk for other co-morbid mental health problems, such as depression, anxiety, low self-esteem, substance use issues, and addiction."[goodtherapy.org]
Agitation
  • Marijuana withdrawal symptoms include, but are not limited to: Insomnia Mood swings Periods of depression or agitation Loss of appetite Flulike symptoms A strong desire for more marijuana Marijuana Withdrawal Notwithstanding the severity of a marijuana[treatmentsolutions.com]
  • Symptoms of marijuana withdrawal are more pronounced in heavy users, and can include: Agitation. Anxiety. Changes in mood. Cravings to use marijuana. Difficulty sleeping. Increased irritability. Physical discomfort. Reduced appetite.[projectknow.com]
  • They are used extensively in the treatment of various hyperactive and agitated states, and as antipsychotic agents.[britannica.com]
Personality Change
  • Quitting use of a substance may lead to withdrawal effects such as physical sickness, temporary personality changes, loss of appetite, insomnia, nausea, mood swings, and other disturbances.[goodtherapy.org]
  • Motives for LSD use are many: psychological insight; expansion of consciousness; the desire to become more loving, more creative, open, religious; a desire for new experience, profound personality change, and simple “kicks.”[britannica.com]
Vertigo
  • Vertigo. Constipation, diarrhoea, dry mouth, glossodynia, mouth ulceration, nausea, oral discomfort, oral pain, vomiting. Application site pain, asthenia, feeling abnormal, feeling drunk, malaise. Falls. Uncommon Pharyngitis.[patient.info]

Treatment

  • You may be offered testing and treatment for hepatitis or HIV, for example. Where will you have your treatment? You may have your treatment while living at home or as a hospital inpatient.[nhs.uk]
  • The map showing what drugs countries seek the most treatment for Recovery Brands, an online resource for those seeking treatment for addiction, has used data from the 2014 United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) to map out the demand for treatment[independent.co.uk]
  • Currently, there are no FDA-approved medications for the treatment of marijuana addiction. Behavioral treatments, like individual and group therapy, are the preferred treatment methods.[townsendla.com]
  • In, American Psychiatric Association Practice Guidelines: Treatment of Patients With Substance Use Disorders 2006 May. Budney AJ, Roffman R, Stephens RS, Walker D. Marijuana dependence and its treatment.[medicinenet.com]
  • […] to self-help meetings to enhance the treatment experience.[projectknow.com]

Etiology

  • Therapy: randomized controlled trial Drug Therapy: multicenter randomized controlled trial Drug Therapy: placebo-controlled randomized controlled trial Economic Impact Education Electroconvulsive Therapy Embryology Enzymology Epidemiology Escitalopram Etiology[mentalhealth.com]
  • In the past, most attention in etiologic research on drug dependence has been fixed upon risks of first drug use or first appearance of drug dependence.[nature.com]

Epidemiology

  • The Pharmacological and Epidemiological Aspects of Adolescent Drug Dependence is a collection of proceedings presented at the International Symposium on the Pharmacological and Epidemiological Aspects of Adolescent Drug Dependence, held in London on September[books.google.com]
  • Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology 2 : 244–268 Anthony JC, Helzer JE. (1995): Epidemiology of drug dependence. In Tsuang M, Tohen M, Zahner G (eds), Psychiatric Epidemiology.[nature.com]
  • Cancer Epidemiological Biomarkers Preview 1999 December; 8(12): 1071-1078. Zickler P. Marijuana-related disorders, but not prevalence of use, rise over past decade. National Institute on Drug Abuse 2005 May; 19(6). Zickler P.[medicinenet.com]
  • Estimates of the number of people addicted to marijuana are controversial, in part because epidemiological studies of substance use often use dependence as a proxy for addiction even though it is possible to be dependent without being addicted.[drugabuse.gov]
  • The National Comorbidity Survey (1990-1992) estimate was 23% dependence rate (with a standard error [SE] of 5%); National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (2001-2002) estimate (SE) was 28% (4%); and National Epidemiologic Survey[drugwarfacts.org]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Pathophysiology Cannabis can be smoked or ingested - eg, herbal tea, butter paste. When cannabis is ingested it produces cannabinoids which results in its psychological and physical effects. The most active of these is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).[patient.info]

Prevention

  • The DOJ is focused on priorities, such as: Preventing the distribution to minors Preventing revenues from sale of marijuana towards criminal activity Preventing diversion of marijuana from states where it is legal to states where it is not legal Preventing[drugs.com]
  • The best way to prevent marijuana abuse and addiction is to avoid using the drug, unless a medical professional prescribes it to you. Always use prescribed medications only as recommended.[healthline.com]
  • Parents and Prevention Parents can help their children learn about the harmful effects of marijuana use.[aacap.org]
  • Substance Abuse Treatment and Prevention Policy 2007; 2: 3. Merriam Webster's Dictionary 2011. www.merriam-webster.com. National Institute on Drug Abuse. Gender and ethnic patterns in drug use among high school seniors 2003 August; 18(2).[medicinenet.com]
  • Opioid overdose deaths rarely happen instantly, and they can often be prevented if action is taken quickly.[goodtherapy.org]

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