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Capgras Syndrome


Presentation

  • This means that the caregiver gives frequent reminders of present time and location, including reminders of major life events, moves, or any substantial changes. The underlying cause of Capgras syndrome will be treated as much as possible.[healthline.com]
  • De Clerambault in 1885 is reviewed and a case is presented.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Fred presented progressive cognitive deterioration characterised both by severity and fast decline.[en.wikipedia.org]
Hunting
  • For 99 percent of hominid history, social communication consisted of face-to-face interactions with someone you’ve hunted and foraged with most of your life. But then the recognition and familiarity components got pried apart by modern technology.[nautil.us]
Epilepsy
  • People with epilepsy may also experience Capgras syndrome in rare cases. There are several theories on what causes the syndrome.[healthline.com]
Ulcer
  • Robert Sapolsky is a professor of biology, neurology, and neurosurgery at Stanford University, and author of A Primate’s Memoir and Why Zebras Don’t Get Ulcers.[nautil.us]
Delusion
  • The delusion of doubles wasn’t a sensory delusion, “but rather the conclusion of emotional judgment.”[nautil.us]
  • In validation therapy, delusions are supported instead of rejected. This can reduce anxiety and panic in the person experiencing the delusion. Reality orientation techniques may be helpful in some circumstances.[healthline.com]
  • Capgras delusion is a psychiatric disorder in which a person holds a delusion that a friend, spouse, parent, or other close family member (or pet) has been replaced by an identical impostor. It is named after Joseph Capgras (1873–1950).[en.wikipedia.org]
  • Erotomanic delusions in a mentally retarded patient. Am J Psychiatry. 1977 Mar; 134 (3):325–326. [ PubMed ] [ Google Scholar ] Haynal A.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Suggestibility
  • Apart from [Capgras disorder], his neuropsychological presentation was hallmarked by language disturbances suggestive of frontal-executive dysfunction.[en.wikipedia.org]
  • Then an obscure paper in 1930 tentatively suggested the same, and was roundly ignored. It wasn’t until a spate of studies in the 1970s that two facts came to be appreciated.[nautil.us]
Type A Personality
  • Selective damage to the vmPFC produces someone who also makes terrible decisions, but of a different type. This person has tremendous difficulty deciding anything; he or she lacks any “gut” intuition in such matters.[nautil.us]
Impulsivity
  • Often this patient is impulsive, incapable of postponing gratification, and has an inability to shift his or her behavior in response to feedback.[nautil.us]
Confabulation
  • Instead, Capgras sufferers often become hyper-detailed in their observations, as a means to confabulate an explanation for a world that makes little sense.[nautil.us]

Treatment

  • Right now, there is no prescribed treatment plan for people with Capgras syndrome because more research needs to be done. But there are treatment options that may help relieve the symptoms. Treatment aims to address the underlying cause.[healthline.com]
  • Treatment [ edit ] Treatment has not been well studied and so there is no evidence-based approach. [34] Treatment is generally therapy, often with support of antipsychotic medication. [34] [35] History [ edit ] Capgras syndrome is named after Joseph Capgras[en.wikipedia.org]

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