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Cervical Lymphadenitis

Cervical Adenitis


Presentation

  • The present case details the treatment of a previously healthy 24-year-old man who presented with an acutely inflamed cervical lymph node.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Turkish
  • Of note, statistics published by the Turkish Ministry of Health (MoH) show decreasing pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB), but on the other hand, increasing extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Turkish J Pediatr 2004; 46: 354-356. Long SS. Syndrome of periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, and adenitis (PFAPA) – what it isn t. What is it? J Pediatr 1999; 135: 1-5. Gattorno M, Caorsi R, Meini A, Cattalini M et al.[journalsporl.com]
Vietnamese
  • We report a case of cervical lymphadenitis in a Vietnamese woman for whom a presumptive diagnosis of tuberculosis was made and antituberculous therapy was started.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Intravenous Administration
  • Patient's symptoms resolved after intravenous administration of immunoglobulin (2g/kg/dose), and he was discharged 2 days later. On the 14th day, the patient had lamellar desquamation of fingers.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Exposure to Contaminated Water
  • The authors describe the surgical management of 12 pediatric patients with M abscessus-related mandibular osteomyelitis and cervical lymphadenitis caused by exposure to contaminated water at a regional dental clinic.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Abdominal Tenderness
  • We have reported the case of a man with fever, abdominal tenderness, and Y enterocolitica bacteremia. After antibiotic therapy, his condition improved initially, but later, suppurative cervical lymphadenitis developed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Neck Pain
  • The main symptoms of cervical lymphadenitis: Seals at the neck, pain during palpation; The deterioration of general well-being; Temperature increase; headache. In acute cervical lymphadenitis formed strong suppuration of lymph nodes.[noillen.bitballoon.com]
  • Acute cervical lymphadenitis was defined by clinical signs of fever, neck pain, uni- or bi-lateral latero-cervical adenopathy without fluctuant consistency and by favorable outcome with antibiotic treatment.[bmcearnosethroatdisord.biomedcentral.com]
Neck Mass
  • Abstract Neck masses are common and have a variety of infectious agents and noninfectious causes. This article reviews the more common infectious causes of neck masses-cervical lymphadenitis, suppurative parotitis, thyroiditis, and infected cysts.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Information and Knowledge for Health Pilomatricoma como diagnóstico diferencial de adenitis cervical granulomatosa Children with neck masses are an everyday challenge for pediatricians . Infectious diseases are the most common etiology in childhood.[pesquisa.bvsalud.org]
Neck Stiffness

Workup

Thrombocytosis
  • Leucopenia was characteristic of Kikuchi's disease, while anemia, thrombocytosis and pulmonary tuberculosis (irrespective of activity) were more common in the tuberculous lymphadenitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Francisella Tularensis
Mycobacterium Fortuitum
  • Abstract We report the case of a 52-year-old woman with a non-tuberculous (atypical) mycobacterial cervical lymphadenitis, caused by Mycobacterium fortuitum, in association with Sweet's syndrome.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • She was diagnosed with a pulmonary Mycobacterium fortuitum ( M. fortuitum ) infection with cervical lymphadenitis based on the results of an open biopsy of the cervical lymph node.[jstage.jst.go.jp]
Gram-Positive Bacteria
  • This form of lymphadenitis is usually caused by gram-positive bacteria. The present case details the treatment of a previously healthy 24-year-old man who presented with an acutely inflamed cervical lymph node.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Treatment

  • METHODS: The study included 52 subjects with TCL that had CT before standard medical treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prognosis

  • CONCLUSION: In cases of non-tuberculous mycobacteria lymphadenitis, surgery is the treatment of choice and it is closely related to a favourable prognosis. Copyright 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Treatment and prognosis Treatment is with prolonged courses of multi-agent antimycobacterials and in some instances (after many months of medical management) surgical excision of residual nodal masses 6.[radiopaedia.org]

Etiology

  • Tissue culture (61%) or polymerase chain reaction (12%) was utilized most frequently to confirm NTM etiology. In most (59%) cases, an etiologic organism was not identified.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Epidemiology

  • We review the clinical, epidemiologic, and pathologic features of this recently recognized disease.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] neutrophils Draining of an infection (eg, abscess) into local lymph nodes Author Elizabeth Partridge, MD, MPH, MS Assistant Clinical Professor of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Allergy and Immunology, Medical Director of Hospital Epidemiology[emedicine.medscape.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Pathophysiology Increased lymph node size may be caused by the following: Multiplication of cells within the node, including lymphocytes, plasma cells, monocytes, or histiocytes Infiltration of cells from outside the node, such as malignant cells or neutrophils[emedicine.medscape.com]

Prevention

  • Although much has been done to prevent tuberculosis, cases of mycobacterial disease in endemic form still occur.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Página 487 - Diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis: recommendations for vaccine use and other preventive measures. Recommendations of the Immunization Practices Advisory Committee (ACIP). ‎[books.google.es]
  • Given the variability of response to β-lactam agents, initial management with a longer course of high doses of parenteral penicillin may have prevented a recurrence [ 1 ].[academic.oup.com]

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