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Cesarean Section

Abdominal Deliveries


Presentation

  • In this report, the authors present the successful experience of management of severe mitral stenosis in pregnancy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The parturient presented with impaired cerebral and renal perfusion. Titrated epidural anesthesia was performed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Pregnant patients with burn injuries present a unique challenge for general medical care and require special anesthetic considerations.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The paper presents a critical review of this case, with a review of the literature.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The anesthetic implications of Noonan syndrome and endocarditis during pregnancy are presented. 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Psychiatric Symptoms
  • A 24-year-old woman at 29 weeks' gestation, and with psychiatric symptoms, was admitted to hospital and diagnosed as having anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Neglect
  • BACKGROUND: Shoulder pain is a commonly observed but mostly neglected consequence of cesarean section and little is known as well as explored about intraoperative shoulder pain.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • PPP continues to be frequent and is sometimes severe, but often neglected ( Bayman 2014 ; Gewandter 2015 ; Kehlet 2006 ; Perkins 2000 ).[doi.org]
Foot Drop
  • Most of the symptoms resolved within a few days, but right side foot drop persisted for 2 years after the procedure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Workup

  • The theoretical concerns of neonatal antibiotic exposure include the masking of neonatal infection, interference with sepsis workup and the selection of antibiotic‐resistant bacterial strains in both neonatal colonization and infection ( Cunningham 1983[doi.org]

Treatment

  • Diagnosis and treatment of isthmocele is usually performed in a second time after a successful treatment of CSP. In this case, a surgical treatment including the removal of the residual CSP and treatment of the isthmocele may be proposed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Surgery, the usual treatment option for vesicouterine fistula (VUF), is often delayed to allow involution of the uterus. The authors report a case of successful treatment with urinary catheterization.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • This study is a randomized controlled trial investigating the effect of acupressure, and low-cost noninvasive traditional treatment, on POI symptoms after cesarean section.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • This extremely rare case reflects the importance of rapid diagnosis and treatment of PG.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Maternal adverse effects were also rarely described.We judged the evidence for antibiotic treatment compared with no treatment to be of moderate quality; most studies lacked an adequate description of methods and were assessed as being at unclear risk[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prognosis

  • Takotsubo cardiomyopathy usually shows a good prognosis, but if this myopathy develops during the perinatal period, it can worsen because of excessive preload following the termination of fetoplacental circulation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Adama, Yaméogo Relwendé Barnabé, Kaboré Francois Xavier Gueswendé, Kiemtoré Sibraogo, Kain Dantola Paul, Sawadogo Yobi Alexi, Dao Yissou, Ouedraogo Issa, Ouédraogo Charlemagne Marie, Ouédraogo Ali, Millogo/Traoré Francoise and Thieba/Bonané Blandine, Prognosis[doi.org]
  • To maximise sensitivity for studies of prognosis, search filters were not used, and no restrictions were placed on date or language of publication. 29 30 Our search was repeated using Google and Google Scholar for the grey literature.[doi.org]
  • The prognosis for a successful vaginal birth after a cesarean (VBAC) may be at least 75%, especially when the c-section involved a low transverse incision in the uterus and there were no complications during or after delivery.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]
  • All decisions regarding delay must be individualized and must consider other factors that affect the prognosis (eg, HIV status). The prognosis for patients with breast cancer is not adversely affected by continuation of pregnancy.[web.archive.org]

Etiology

  • Because there was no other etiologies being noticed, we hypothesized that the hyperbaric bupivacaine neurotoxicity was likely to be the cause for this neurologic deficit.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • PubMed search builder options Subheadings: adverse effects analysis classification complications economics education epidemiology ethics etiology history instrumentation legislation and jurisprudence methods mortality nursing organization and administration[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Hepatology 1988, 8: 493-496. 10.1002/hep.1840080310 View Article PubMed Google Scholar Beasley RP: Hepatitis B virus: the major etiology of hepatocellular carcinoma. Cancer 1988, 61: 1942-1956.[doi.org]
  • The following fetal conditions are identifiable: Chromosomal disorders X-linked disorders Metabolic disorders Neural tube defects Structural anomalies associated with exposure to teratogens Structural anomalies of multifactorial or unknown etiology Multifetal[web.archive.org]
  • Hoffman, Nonspontaneous late preterm birth: etiology and outcomes, American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 205, 5, (456.e1), (2011).[doi.org]

Epidemiology

  • Global epidemiological studies from the last decade suggest that the optimal CS rates in developed countries exist somewhere between 15% and 19%.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • PubMed search builder options Subheadings: adverse effects analysis classification complications economics education epidemiology ethics etiology history instrumentation legislation and jurisprudence methods mortality nursing organization and administration[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Department of Health and Human Services, nonadvocate 18-member panel representing the fields of obstetrics and gynecology, preventive medicine, biometrics, family planning and reproductive physiology, nurse midwifery, anesthesiology, patient safety, epidemiology[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • As part of this initiative, Professor Richard Greene and his colleagues at the National Perinatal Epidemiology Centre (NPEC) organised a successful well-attended multidisciplinary meeting in Cork dedicated to the subject of caesarean delivery.[web.archive.org]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • The pathophysiological factors underlying the link between CS and PPHN are still poorly understood.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Pathophysiology Surgical termination The development of accurate over-the-counter pregnancy tests allows for the diagnosis of pregnancy 1-2 weeks after conception.[emedicine.medscape.com]

Prevention

  • BACKGROUND: Phenylephrine infusion to prevent spinal-induced hypotension can attenuate cephalic spread of intrathecal bupivacaine.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Therefore, prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HBV is critical to control the infection.[doi.org]
  • During the procedure, we used rScO2 guided cerebral protection strategies, which helped to optimize cerebral oxygen delivery and prevent cerebral complications.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of intrathecal dexmedetomidine in the prevention of shivering in those who underwent CS under SA.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Excision with histologically proven free surgical margins of 1 cm is mandatory to prevent recurrence. A wide spectrum of mimicking conditions is the main reason for late diagnosis and treatment of abdominal wall endometriosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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