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Charley Horse

Charleyhorse

Delayed onset muscle soreness is a state of muscular pain, occurring 24 to 48 hours after intense or prolonged muscular activity. The mechanism of delayed onset muscle soreness is not completely understood.


Presentation

  • If no other symptoms are present and your child's pain lessens when you massage the stiff muscle, she may have growing pains. Mildly stretching the legs and applying heat may also lessen the discomfort.[livestrong.com]
  • CHAPTER 121 Muscle Cramps (Charley Horse) Presentation The patient complains of painful, visible, palpable muscle contractions, often affecting the gastrocnemius muscle or small muscles of the foot or hand.[aneskey.com]
  • Clinically, patients with these abnormalities present with increased generalised neuromuscular excitability, which can lead to generalised skeletal muscle cramping.[doi.org]
  • A victim of a McCarthy era witch-hunt, Charlie Chaplin settled into Swiss exile in 1953 With eight children at home, Christmas was a lively celebration involving a huge pile of presents. But the droll-looking comic actor wasn’t so amused.[swissinfo.ch]
  • For all interventions reported in the present study, it is not possible to disentangle any placebo effect from true intervention effects.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Myopathy
  • Nishino, Characterization of the Asian myopathy patients with VCP mutations, European Journal of Neurology, 19, 3, (501-509), (2011).[doi.org]
  • Statin-associated myopathy with normal creatine kinase levels. Ann Intern Med. 2002;137(7):581–585. 19. Coppin RJ, Wicke DM, Little PS.[aafp.org]
Muscle Swelling
  • Symptoms of a thigh contusion There will be a pain at the time of injury and the athlete is likely to have restricted movement in the muscle. Swelling and later bruising may appear over time.[sportsinjuryclinic.net]

Treatment

  • Muscle Cramp Remedies and Treatment The vast majority of leg cramps resolve on their own within a few minutes without treatment. As soon as a muscle cramp comes on, stop doing the activity that precipitated it.[onhealth.com]
  • Treatment Thigh contusion treatment consists of immeditate first aid directly following the injury and longer term rehabilitation once the initial acute phase has passed.[sportsinjuryclinic.net]
  • Even Harvard Medical School recommends giving the low-risk treatment a shot.[wellandgood.com]
  • You might need other treatments if an irritated nerve caused the spasm. Results from these treatments can vary. When to Contact a Medical Professional Call your provider if: You have a muscle spasm with severe pain.[owensborohealthse3.adam.com]

Prognosis

  • Outlook (Prognosis) Muscle spasms will get better with rest and time. The outlook is excellent for most people. Learning how to exercise properly with the right training and enough fluid intake can prevent spasms from occurring regularly.[owensborohealthse3.adam.com]

Etiology

  • Leg cramps (charley horses) are a common nocturnal symptom that can be difficult to manage because of uncertainties about etiology, appropriate diagnostic evaluation, and optimal treatment.[aafp.org]

Epidemiology

  • […] status are not associated with exercise associated muscle cramping (EAMC) in distance runners M P Schwellnus 1, J Nicol 1, R Laubscher 2, T D Noakes 3 1 UCT/MRC Research Unit for Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Newlands, South Africa 2 Centre for Epidemiological[doi.org]
  • Fuhs, Epidemiology of Sleep-Related Movement Disorders, Encyclopedia of Sleep, 10.1016/B978-0-12-378610-4.00379-X, (10-16), (2013). Z. Shi, Y. K. Hayashi, S. Mitsuhashi, K. Goto, D. Kaneda, Y.‐C. Choi, C. Toyoda, S. Hieda, T. Kamiyama, H. Sato, M.[doi.org]
  • Epidemiology and determinants of cramps. Eur J Gen Pract. 1998; 4 :109–113. doi: 10.3109/13814789809160361. [ CrossRef ] [ Google Scholar ] Jansen PH, van Dijck JA, Verbeek AL, Durian FW, Joosten EM.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Physiology and pathophysiology of musculoskeletal tissues. In: Miller MD, Thompson SR, eds. DeLee and Drez's Orthopaedic Sports Medicine . 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2015:chap 1.[owensborohealthse3.adam.com]
  • Physiology and pathophysiology of musculoskeletal tissues. In: Miller MD, Thompson SR, eds. DeLee and Drez's Orthopaedic Sports Medicine. 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2015:chap 1. Updated by: Linda J.[nlm.nih.gov]
  • Pathophysiology and Etiology The precise mechanism of leg cramps is unknown, but several myopathic, neurologic, and metabolic causes have been suggested. Most cases of leg cramps are idiopathic.[aafp.org]

Prevention

  • Theories abound about what causes these painful leg cramps at night and how to prevent them.[sharecare.com]
  • There are a few things that you can do in order to prevent them. Here are a few ways to prevent cramps before they even start. 1.[cheatsheet.com]
  • Can I Prevent Them? To help stop cramps before they start: Eat more foods high in vitamins and magnesium. Stay well-hydrated. Stretch daily and before exercise.[webmd.com]
  • Sports beverages rather than water may help prevent electrolyte imbalances such as low sodium levels ( hyponatremia ).[medicinenet.com]

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Last updated: 2019-07-11 22:15