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Chemical Poisoning


Presentation

  • Overview Childhood poisoning frequently presents with delirium, seizures, and decreased level of consciousness. Neurologists are often called upon to evaluate children with these presentations. As children age, distinct patterns of poisoning emerge.[medlink.com]
  • In addition, case definitions, which include reference citations, are presented for the selected chemicals.[cdc.gov]
  • "These samples will provide further information about what is present on site to enable decisions to be made on how the site should be managed from now on."[nzherald.co.nz]
  • The basic science material addressing thyroid function and dysfunction is presented clearly and with good documentation...[amazon.com]
  • The incident occurred when the parent or caregiver was present in the immediate area at the time of the incident.[omicsonline.org]
Fatigue
  • Adverse reactions to the antidote itself could include blurred vision, dizziness, headache, fatigue, nausea, difficulty breathing and increased heart rate or blood pressure, the agency said.[medicinenet.com]
  • Symptoms of chemical poisoning include: Dizziness Eye irritation Fatigue Headaches Irritation to mucus linings (eg nose and throat) Nausea Vomiting. Unconsciousness.[duncanlewis.co.uk]
  • The list may include cancer, memory loss, allergies, multiple chemical sensitivity, chronic fatigue syndrome, infertility in adults, learning and behavioral disorders, developmental abnormalities, and birth defects in children.[encyclopedia.com]
  • The list may include cancer, memory loss, allergies, multiple chemical sensitivity, chronic fatigue syndrome, infertility in adults, learning and behavioral disorders, developmental abnormalities, and birth defects.[reference.jrank.org]
  • ., restlessness, crankiness) Diarrhea Dizziness Drowsiness Fatigue Headache Loss of appetite Minor skin or eye irritation Nausea or upset stomach Passing cough (cough that comes and goes) Soreness or stiffness in the joints Thirst Moderate symptoms of[healthcommunities.com]
Chills
  • Warm up victim if sign of cold or chill is found. Calm down the victim if conscious. Take patient immediately to hospital.[moh.gov.sa]
Nausea
  • Patients were given treatment at the Taman Pasir Putih Community Hall after they suffered shortness of breath, nausea and vomiting.[channelnewsasia.com]
  • The following are common symptoms of chemical poisoning: Severe throat pain Difficulty in breathing Burns on the lips or mouth Sudden behavior changes, such as unusual sleepiness, irritability, or jumpiness Unexplained nausea or vomiting Stomach cramps[hopkinsmedicine.org]
  • Common symptoms can include: Severe throat pain Trouble breathing Burns on the lips or mouth Sudden behavior changes, such as unusual sleepiness, irritability, or jumpiness Nausea or vomiting Stomach cramps with no fever Unusual drooling or odd odor on[urmc.rochester.edu]
  • Adverse reactions to the antidote itself could include blurred vision, dizziness, headache, fatigue, nausea, difficulty breathing and increased heart rate or blood pressure, the agency said.[medicinenet.com]
  • Severity of symptoms can range from headache and nausea to convulsions and death.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]
Abdominal Pain
  • (B) Clinical Signs and Symptoms: Gastrointestinal Symptoms: Nausea and vomiting - acute abdominal pains - diarrhea Vomiting smells like bitter almond - such as in the case of cyanide poisoning - and inorganic phosphorus (garlic odor).[moh.gov.sa]
  • ., vomiting, abdominal pain, and diarrhea). These signs and symptoms might rapidly lead to dehydration and shock.[cdc.gov]
  • pain Vomiting, possibly bloody EYES, EARS, NOSE, AND THROAT Drooling Severe pain in the throat Severe pain or burning in the nose, eyes, ears, lips, or tongue Vision loss HEART AND BLOOD Low blood pressure (develops rapidly) Collapse Severe change in[medlineplus.gov]
  • These symptoms may include : breathing difficulties coughing and wheezing chest tightness blurry vision and watery eyes abdominal pain pain or burning in the nose, mouth, or eyes nausea and vomiting blood in vomit or stools rapid changes in blood pressure[medicalnewstoday.com]
  • Initial symptoms reported by parents whose children were admitted to the paediatric emergency care unit were mainly gastrointestinal (vomiting, abdominal pain) or neurological (impaired consciousness, hypotonia, ataxia, seizure), although cutaneous (rash[ec.europa.eu]
Red Eye
  • If they experience symptoms like breathing difficulties, cough and red eyes, quickly go for treatment at the nearby clinics,” he said. Samples of the river pollution have been taken to be analysed.[channelnewsasia.com]
Muscle Twitch
  • twitching (uncontrolled and severe) Rapid heart rate with low blood pressure Respiratory distress that requires intubation (involves passing a tube down the trachea [windpipe] to the lungs to provide breathing assistance; mechanical respiration [i.e.[healthcommunities.com]
  • Severe Poisonings Fever, intense thirst, increased rate of breathing, uncontrollable muscle twitches, pinpoint pupils, convulsions, inability to breathe, unconsciousness. Before calling for help, treat the following situations as suggested.[nasdonline.org]
  • twitching thirst constriction of eye pupils (eye pupils become small) increased rate of breathing Top of Page 16.2 First aid If someone shows any of these symptoms after being exposed to pesticides medical advice should always be sought.[www1.health.gov.au]
Arthralgia
  • Weakness and influenza-like symptoms, fever, myalgia, and arthralgia, might also be reported ( 92--95 ). Laboratory Criteria for Diagnosis Biologic.[cdc.gov]
Facial Swelling
  • His spokeswoman Kira Yarmysh said on Twitter that the politician had severe facial swelling and a rash all over his body.[cbsnews.com]
Withdrawn
  • Lasso, a pre-emergent soil-applied herbicide that has been used since the 1960s to control grasses and broadleaf weeds in farm fields, was banned in France in 2007 following an EU directive after the product had already been withdrawn in some other countries[reuters.com]
Oliguria
  • Oliguria and renal failure often occur 1--3 days after exposure ( 12--14 ). Laboratory Criteria for Diagnosis Biologic.[cdc.gov]
Dark Urine
  • These signs and symptoms include generalized weakness, dark urine, jaundice, and dyspnea. Oliguria and renal failure often occur 1--3 days after exposure ( 12--14 ). Laboratory Criteria for Diagnosis Biologic.[cdc.gov]
Headache
  • Adverse reactions to the antidote itself could include blurred vision, dizziness, headache, fatigue, nausea, difficulty breathing and increased heart rate or blood pressure, the agency said.[medicinenet.com]
  • In the first such case heard in court in France, grain grower Paul Francois says he suffered neurological problems including memory loss, headaches and stammering after inhaling Monsanto's Lasso weedkiller in 2004.[commondreams.org]
  • Several reported having headaches although their symptoms were not severe as the hospitalised victims. Mohamad Hazrin Mohamad Razali, 39, said he was worried about his children because both of them have asthma.[channelnewsasia.com]
  • François claimed he suffered from neurological problems, memory loss, headaches and stammering after inadvertently inhaling the herbicide.[ecowatch.com]
  • Chronic exposure to polluted air may cause lung infections, headaches, nausea, mental confusion, fatigue, depression, and memory loss. In addition, they may cause damage to an unborn fetus and increase the risk of developing cancer.[encyclopedia.com]
Neurologic Manifestation
  • . • Neurologic manifestations are a common result of toxic exposures. • Important in diagnosis is the recognition of common toxidromes. • Most laboratory investigation, including toxicologic screening, is of little value in diagnosing acute toxicity.[medlink.com]
Paresthesia
  • These symptoms might include paresthesias, headaches, ataxia, dysarthria, visual field constriction, blindness, and hearing impairment ( 58,63--66 ). Laboratory Criteria for Diagnosis Biologic.[cdc.gov]

Treatment

  • Over the weekend, at least 82 people were hospitalised or sought treatment.[channelnewsasia.com]
  • While Dr Sahruddin said the situation is now under control, residents who show symptoms of gas poisoning, like nausea and throat irritation, have been advised to seek treatment.[channelnewsasia.com]
  • It provides an assessment of whether a particular exposure is hazardous and information on the need for treatment and the kind of treatment that should be given.[reference.jrank.org]
  • Specific treatment plan depends on the type of poison by which a person is affected. Generally speaking, most treatments involve identifying the offending chemical and avoiding future exposures to the offending agent.[encyclopedia.com]
  • According to the CDC, there is no antidote for chlorine exposure, and treatment involves supportive care such as inhaled breathing treatments. Difficulty breathing was among one of the initial symptoms reported at the scene.[eu.usatoday.com]

Prognosis

  • Prognosis The outcome of poisoning varies from complete recovery to death, and depends on the type and amount of the poison, the health of the victim, and the speed with which medical care is obtained.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]
  • SLIDESHOW Slideshow: 12 Surprising Headache Triggers Tips See Slideshow Poisoning Prognosis The key to a good outcome is rapid recognition that a poisoning has occurred and rapid transport to a qualified medical facility when indicated.[emedicinehealth.com]
  • Prognosis and treatment of paraquat poisoning: a review of 28 cases. J Toxicol Clin Toxicol 1982;19:461--74. Vale JA, Meredith TJ, Buckley BM. Paraquat poisoning: clinical features and immediate general management. Hum Toxicol 1987;6:41--7.[cdc.gov]

Etiology

  • The case can be confirmed if laboratory testing was not performed because either a predominant amount of clinical and nonspecific laboratory evidence of a particular chemical was present or a 100% certainty of the etiology of the agent is known.[cdc.gov]
  • For such actions, epidemiology and etiology data are essential for healthcare providers to enable them to take appropriate measures for both prevention and treatment.[omicsonline.org]

Epidemiology

  • For such actions, epidemiology and etiology data are essential for healthcare providers to enable them to take appropriate measures for both prevention and treatment.[omicsonline.org]
  • Acute poisoning in Izmir, Turkey a pilot epidemiologic study. Clin Toxicol 1993 ; 31: 593 – 601. Google Scholar Stein MD, Bonanno J, O'sullivan PS, Wachtel TJ. Changes in the pattern of drug overdoses. J Gen Intern Med 1993 ; 8: 179 – 184.[journals.sagepub.com]
  • We know from field, wildlife, and epidemiology studies that exposures to environmental chemicals are ubiquitous,” the researchers say. ( European estimates put the number of proposed new chemicals worldwide at over 145,000.)[cosmosmagazine.com]
  • In two publications (Lamireau et al. 2002, Marchi et al. 2004), clinical and epidemiological features of toxic exposures observed in 14 Italian hospitals during 2001 in children under 1 year old were reported.[ec.europa.eu]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Prevention

  • PREVENT POISONING Prevention measures at home are critical, notes Dr. Minasyan. “You don’t want to keep cleaners and things like that under the kitchen sink. Kids can get into those cabinets easily.[ocregister.com]
  • Injury Prevention 5: 37. Ozanne-Smith J, Day L, Parsons B, Tibballs J, Dobbin M (2001) Childhood poisoning: access and prevention. J Paediatr Child Health 37: 262-265.[omicsonline.org]
  • Prevention Most accidental poisonings are preventable. The number of deaths of children from poisoning has declined from about 450 per year in the 1960s to about 50 each year in the 1990s.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]
  • The toll-free number is a national hotline begun in 2002 by the American Association of Poison Control Centers to provide 24-hour poison treatment and prevention services.[reference.jrank.org]
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, exposure to dangerous levels of the chemical can cause blurred vision; burning pain, redness and blisters on the skin; a burning sensation in the nose, throat and eyes; coughing; chest tightness; difficulty[eu.usatoday.com]

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