Maternal fever (intrapartum temperature > 37.8°C) is the most common symptom of chorioamnionitis. Other characteristic features of the disease are fetal tachycardia, purulent amniotic fluid, uterine tenderness and maternal leukocytosis. When two or more of these symptoms are observed in the patient, the risk of neonatal sepsis increases.
Though in some cases, the pregnant women with chorioamnionitis may show no signs or symptoms, in some cases, they may appear ill, even toxic and hypotensive with cool or clammy skin. The symptoms of the suspected sepsis in the neonate and mother are often nonspecific and include findings such as behavioral abnormalities, tachypnea, cyanosis, apnea, pulmonary hemorrhage, tachycardia, vomiting and diarrhea, abnormalities in thermal regulation, pallor, overt bleeding and hypotension  .
Since short cervix is a risk factor for chorioamnionitis, ultrasonography can help to detect this altered anatomy. Imaging studies helps to ascertain the health of the fetus on a regular basis .
Therapy of chorioamnionitis includes early delivery and supportive care with the use of safe antibiotics. Some of the antibiotics to manage the disease are crystalline penicillin G, clindamycin, ampicillin, gentamicin, and cefotaxime.
Supportive care of the neonates are providing warmth, full resuscitation when needed, treatment of hypervolemia, respiratory acidosis, surfactant replacement therapy, glucose homeostasis and monitoring of the vital signs. Assessment of the thrombocytopenia is one of the important aspects that need to be looked into.
Some surgical options are also available for early onset bacterial infections in the neonate; however, they are rarely used. The conditions that warrant the surgical intervention are epidural and subcutaneous abscess, infections located in the pleural space, bone and joint infections, and similar conditions .
The long-term prognosis for both the mother with chorioamnionitis and the neonate is excellent. The fertility of the women is not compromised. The child born preterm may, however, suffer from the long-term complications such as neurologic impairment and chronic lung disease .
Some of the complications of chorioamnionitis are infection in the abdomen and pelvic regions, endometriosis, sepsis, and blood clots in the pelvis and lungs. Complications from bacterial infection in the newborn also include sepsis, meningitis and respiratory problems .
When the protective mechanism of the maternal urogenital tract fails during pregnancy, there is an increase in the indigenous microbial flora or influx of highly pathogenic microorganisms in the urogenital region. In pregnant women, therefore, urogenital hygiene is important. When the microorganism reach the placenta, it leads to infection. Short cervix, bacterial virulence factors and toxin production are some of the risk factors of this disease. In healthy pregnant women, bacteria such as lactobacilli, is a natural antibiotic of the vagina and cervix, and phagocytes also help to prevent infection.
However, in women with chorioamnionitis, this host protection is compromised. Oral and rectal hygiene is therefore extremely important for normal urogenital colonization. Some of the clinical events associated with chorioamnionitis are history of preterm labor or premature birth, and premature or prolonged ruptured fetal membranes. Evidences also suggest that epidural anesthesia may be associated with maternal fever or fetal tachycardia  .
In underdeveloped countries, the main reason for chorioamnionitis is the premature rupture of the membranes, which is often associated with a high mortality rate. In Africa, malnourished pregnant women are at a higher risk of having ascending urogenital infection causing chorioamnionitis.
This is believed to be due to decrease in the host defense factors. In developed countries, women receive optimum care during pregnancy with proper nutrition; hence the incidence of infection is greatly reduced .
Chorioamnionitis is a common complication of pregnancy. It is often associated with maternal fever and other long-term adverse outcomes such as postpartum infections, sepsis, premature birth, neonatal sepsis, brain injury and stillbirth, cerebral palsy and neurodevelopmental disabilities.
There exists a mechanistic relationship between the intraamniotic infection and preterm delivery. Ongoing research in the field has provided evidence for better methods of diagnosis, prevention and treatment of the condition .
Chorioamnionitis is a common complication of pregnancy which is associated with maternal fever and long-term adverse outcomes such as sepsis, brain injury, and stillbirth. Recent research provides better evidence of diagnosis, prevention and treatment of the condition.
Abnormal bacterial colonization, urinary tract infection, premature labor associated with bacterial vaginosis, cervical insufficiency and release of vaginal prostaglandins are some of the important causes of chorioamnionitis.
Some of the symptoms associated with this disease are maternal fever, illness, low blood pressure, and clammy skin.
Women with chorioamnionitis are treated with antibiotics such as clindamycin, ampicillin, gentamicin, and cefotaxime. Supportive care of the neonates such as providing warmth, full resuscitation, glucose homeostasis and monitoring of the vital signs is important. Assessment of the thrombocytopenia is one of the important aspects that need to be looked into. Some surgical options are available for early onset bacterial infections in the neonate; though, they are rarely used.