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Chronic Disease


Presentation

  • We conclude that a history of symptoms for greater than two weeks at presentation is strongly predictive of chronic idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The components of this framework are presented in the context of nutritional interventions for chronic diseases.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We present three examples of the use of ELF magnetic therapy, two cases of multiple sclerosis and one of chronic pulmonary disease.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • In this article we present an analytical framework for contrasting patient and provider goals, strategies, and evaluation criteria in chronic illness management, using examples from research on type 2 diabetes care in South Texas.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • In this review, we present all the relevant data that supports the view that it is inflammation induced by several factors, such as platelet-activating factor (PAF), that leads to the onset of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) rather than serum cholesterol[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Fatigue
  • 7, † and parvovirus B19. † † The bacteria Coxiella burnetii † and Chlamydia pneumoniae † are known causes of chronic fatigue syndrome (antibiotics can treat these bacterial forms of chronic fatigue syndrome).[sites.google.com]
  • Due to the almost constant pain and fatigue that is characteristic of autoimmune disorders, these must be treated first and effectively in order to allow the individual to function more normally.[ambha.org]
  • The Living Longer Living Stronger with Chronic Conditions program is designed to provide support needed to find practical ways to deal with pain and fatigue, better nutrition and exercise choices, new treatment choices and better ways to talk with doctors[ok.gov]
  • While controversy has long swirled in the United States around such illnesses as chronic fatigue syndrome and Epstein-Barr virus, no disorder has been more aggressively contested than environmental illness, a disease whose symptoms are distinguished by[jstor.org]
  • […] he met during the years he spent among different illness groups, Frank recounts a stirring collection of illness stories, ranging from the well-known—Gilda Radner’s battle with ovarian cancer—to the private testimonials of people with cancer, chronic fatigue[press.uchicago.edu]
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
  • 7, † and parvovirus B19. † † The bacteria Coxiella burnetii † and Chlamydia pneumoniae † are known causes of chronic fatigue syndrome (antibiotics can treat these bacterial forms of chronic fatigue syndrome).[sites.google.com]
  • While controversy has long swirled in the United States around such illnesses as chronic fatigue syndrome and Epstein-Barr virus, no disorder has been more aggressively contested than environmental illness, a disease whose symptoms are distinguished by[jstor.org]
  • fatigue syndrome, and disabilities.[press.uchicago.edu]
  • fatigue syndrome) Narcolepsy Obesity Osteoporosis Parkinson's disease Periodontal disease Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome Sickle cell anemia and other hemoglobin disorders Substance Abuse Disorders Sleep apnea Thyroid[en.wikipedia.org]
Recent Viral Illness
  • The likelihood of chronic disease was determined by logistic regression analysis of five patient variables: age, sex, season of onset of symptoms, history of recent viral illness, and duration of symptoms at presentation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Oral Ulcers
  • He remained stable until the 17th month when, following a typical viral upper respiratory tract infection, he experienced acute worsening of the oral ulcerations and hyperbilirubinemia (8.5 mg/dl).[nature.com]
Musculoskeletal Pain
  • BACKGROUND: Chronic noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) such as asthma, diabetes, cancer, and persistent musculoskeletal pain impose an escalating and unsustainable burden on young people, their families, and society.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Skin Lesion
  • Incidental hyperpigmented skin lesions were noticed overlying the dorsum of his ankles, knees, and elbows.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Psychiatric Symptoms
  • Previous anaemic periods and partial response of her psychiatric symptoms during last 3 years alerted us to think about an organic cause. Investigations for chronic disease anaemia resulted in diagnosis of endometrial carcinoma.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Workup

Hemoglobin Decreased
  • In health center 1, HbA1c (glycated hemoglobin) decreased 0.15 millimoles per mole (95% confidence interval [CI]   -0.24, -0.06), body mass index decreased 0.29 kilograms per meter squared (CI   -0.39, -0.20), and total cholesterol decreased 11.9 milligrams[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Triglycerides Decreased
  • In health center 2, HbA1c decreased 0.43 millimoles per mole (CI   -0.7, -0.17), body mass index decreased by 0.08 kilograms per meter squared (CI   -0.14, -0.02), and triglycerides decreased by 22.50 milligrams per deciliter (CI   -39.0, -6.0).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Dyslipidemia
  • In contrast, more than one-half of deaths attributable to high LDL cholesterol were among people below the conventional threshold for defining dyslipidemia (3.37 mmol/l).[doi.org]

Treatment

  • Despite these similarities, treatments for diabetes are well covered by insurance, whereas tobacco dependence treatments are often limited.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Treatment of oral cGVHD can be challenging since immunosuppressive therapy may increase the risk of serious infections. Intra-oral psoralen ultraviolet A irradiation (PUVA) treatment is a novel treatment approach for localized cGVHD.[nature.com]
  • In view of the problems inherent in the treatment and care for patients with a chronic disease that might persist for several decades, a global effort to identify a cure is now underway.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • BACKGROUND: Although there has been growing research on the burden of treatment, the current state of evidence on measuring this concept is unknown.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • There was a significant negative correlation between this mean score and the mean scores obtained from the following subscales consequences, treatment control, illness perception and emotional representations.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prognosis

  • It is unclear why these elevations occur; yet they cannot be ignored as cTn levels in chronically unwell patients are directly correlated to prognosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Caan BJ, Kwan ML, Hartzell G, Castillo A, Slattery ML, Sternfeld B, Weltzien E (2008) Pre-diagnosis body mass index, post-diagnosis weight change, and prognosis among women with early stage breast cancer.[doi.org]
  • Social support and prognosis in patients at increased psychosocial risk recovering from myocardial infarction. Health Psychology, 26, 418 - 427. Google Scholar Crossref Medline ISI Nicholson, R., Nicholson, J. ( 2008 ).[doi.org]
  • Social support and prognosis in patients at increased psychosocial risk recovering from myocardial infarction . Health Psychology, 26, 418 - 427 . Google Scholar Crossref Medline ISI Nicholson, R., Nicholson, J. ( 2008 ).[dx.doi.org]
  • Weight change during chemotherapy changes the prognosis in non metastatic breast cancer for the worse. BMC Cancer. 2010; 10 :648. [ PMC free article ] [ PubMed ] [ Google Scholar ] 36.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Etiology

  • Because of the cross-sectional nature of the analysis, the findings do not provide information on the etiology of incident chronic conditions among household members.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Some scientists believe that a substantial percentage of chronic human diseases with currently unknown etiology may in fact be caused by infectious agents.[sites.google.com]
  • There are epidemiological, phenomenological, and etiological reasons to say that. Loneliness being a common human emotion is, however, a complex and unique experience to each individual.[dx.doi.org]
  • Etiological effects of risk factors on disease-specific mortality.[doi.org]

Epidemiology

  • One possible barrier to improving epidemiologic capacity in chronic disease prevention and health promotion programs is that chronic disease program managers and public health decision makers may have a limited understanding of basic chronic disease epidemiology[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The body mass index (BMI) and the waist/hip circumference ratio (WHR) are used conventionally as indices of obesity and FD in epidemiological studies.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Furthermore, we prove the ill-posedness of a related inverse problem arising in chronic disease epidemiology. An example application for the inverse problem about type 1 diabetes in German women aged up to 35 years is given.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • A major epidemiological finding emerging from studies using U.S. samples is that racial differences in experiences of discrimination are associated with racial differences in health.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • This review will examine: the renal response to a protein meal or amino acid infusion and its use to test the renal functional reserve (RFR); new methods to evaluate RFR; the use of RFR in various pathophysiologic conditions.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The measurement of microvascular (endothelial) function is important to understand the pathophysiologic mechanisms that contribute to MVD and the role of MVD in the development and progression of cardiometabolic/renal disease.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The deeper we dig, the more convoluted becomes the pathophysiology of chronic disease.[aeon.co]
  • Moncada is able to look back on his work with satisfaction: ‘I think that we have improved the understanding not only of the physiology but the pathophysiology of the cardiovascular system.[doi.org]
  • The authors concluded that their results from proteomic and genomic aspects both indicate that acute phase reaction is likely to be an etiological agent in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia, rather than just an accompanying symptom.[dx.doi.org]

Prevention

  • Agenda 2013-2017: Preventing Chronic Diseases Action Plan Division of Chronic Disease and Injury Prevention, Strategic Plan 2010 - 2013 NYS Comprehensive Cancer Control Plan Division of Chronic Disease Prevention’s Coordinated Chronic Disease Prevention[health.ny.gov]
  • State Public Health Actions is a program funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to support the statewide implementation of cross-cutting approaches to promote health and prevent and control chronic diseases.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Moreover, 97.7% of the older respondents were clearly willing to provide TCM preventive services for chronic diseases, 67.8% of whom indicated that their hospitals already provided TCM for prevention and treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] about prevention, learning from both global best-practice and domestic successes and failures, increasing the focus on primary prevention, and developing a long-term prevention strategy with an explicit funding commitment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We present an implementation framework for interventions to prevent and treat chronic conditions for Māori and other indigenous communities.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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