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Citrobacter Infection


Presentation

  • A 21-year-old primigravida presented to labor and delivery at 40 6/7 weeks' gestation complaining of ruptured membranes, painful uterine contractions, and fever. An intraamniotic infection was diagnosed and antibiotics begun.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Plus, this edition brings color to the book for more attractive and clearer presentation, and includes boxed elements to help readers summarize information.[books.google.com]
  • Case presentation A 80-year-old Caucasian man presented to our hospital with acute right lower quadrant and periumbilical abdominal pain.[jmedicalcasereports.biomedcentral.com]
  • Case Report A 4-year-old male child presented with four day history of high grade intermittent fever and right upper abdominal pain. There were no other gastrointestinal or system complaints.[tropicalgastro.com]
  • We report an unusual case of Citrobacter braakii bacteremia in a patient with multiple comorbidities that presented to the hospital with cellulitis and pleural effusion. Blood cultures grew Citrobacter braakii.[eurekaselect.com]

Workup

  • Underlying uropathies requiring surgical correction are much more common, particularly in males with pyelonephritis, so a more extensive workup is required to prevent reoccurrence. 3.[atsu.edu]
Enlargement of the Spleen
  • Gross examinations showed enlarged livers, enlarged spleens with petechiae, distended proventriculi, and distended and haemorrhagic intestinal tracts. Unilateral pneumonia and enlarged kidneys were also observed in the adult parrot.[jzar.org]
Citrobacter Koseri
  • Journal Clin Infect Dis 28:384-94 (1999) DOI: 10.1086/515106 Reference PMID: 12751719 Authors Prais D, Nussinovitch M, Harel L, Amir J Title Citrobacter koseri (diversus) meningitis in an otherwise healthy adolescent.[genome.jp]
  • Citrobacter Koseri is mainly associated with neonatal meningitis and fatal cerebral abscess in premature neonates.[tropicalgastro.com]
  • In our study Citrobacter koseri was the commonest isolate, a finding consistent with previous studies. 6 Some of the previous studies have reported Citrobacter freundii as the commonest isolate. 7 The rate of isolation of Citrobacter koseri was 45% and[jemds.com]
  • Citrobacter koseri (strain ATCC BAA-895 / CDC 4225-83 / SGSC4696) was isolated in 1983 in Maryland where it caused neonatal meningitis.[bacmap.wishartlab.com]
  • Citrobacter koseri (formerly Citrobacter diversus) is best known as the cause of sepsis and meningitis leading to central nervous system (CNS) abscesses in neonates and young infants.[paperity.org]
Pancreatic Necrosis

Treatment

  • In this case, the early diagnosis of the EPN using CT and immediate medical treatment, including urgent elective nephrectomy, were key to the favorable outcome.[onlinejets.org]
  • During treatment our patient progressed satisfactorily. A week after starting the treatment, he felt well and the abdominal pain gradually decreased.[jmedicalcasereports.biomedcentral.com]
  • Adult peritoneal dialysis-related peritonitis treatment recommendations: 2000 update. Perit Dial Int 20 , 396 –411. [Google Scholar] Kim, B. N., Woo, J. H., Ryu, J. & Kim, Y. S. ( 2003 ).[jmm.microbiologyresearch.org]
  • Treatment Summary of Treatment of Citrobacter Pylori Pneumonia Department of Internal Medicine: Department of Respiratory Medicine Treatment: drug treatment supportive treatment Treatment cycle: 1-2 months Cure rate: 20% Commonly used drugs: levofloxacin[healthfrom.com]
  • In details, the treatment groups in sealed pack were handed over to Mr. Trivedi for biofield treatment under laboratory conditions. Mr.[trivedieffect.com]

Prognosis

  • (B) prognosis The poor prognosis of the disease, the bacteremia, shock, renal failure, neutropenia, infants and young people, a variety of mixed bacterial infections, the original serious underlying disease poor prognosis.[healthfrom.com]
  • Pancreatic pseudocysts do not resolve spontaneously and, if untreated, the prognosis for a patient is almost invariably death.[jmedicalcasereports.biomedcentral.com]

Etiology

  • Citrobacter species are rarely described as etiological factors of intraamniotic infections, and vertical transmission has rarely been reported.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • New and emerging etiologies for community-acquired pneumonia with implications for therapy: a prospective multicenter study of 359 cases. Medicine 1990;69:307-316. ‎ Pagina 94 - BROADDUS C, DAKE MD, STULBARG MS, et al.[books.google.ro]
  • Abstract: The study is addressed to etiological structure of septico-purulent infections at patients from the hospital of traumatology. Includes 1269 patients that were found 2013 strains of microorganisms. Is confirmed polyetiologic phenomenon.[library.usmf.md]
  • Etiology Citrate bacteria pneumonia etiology (A) the cause of the disease Citrobacter is Enterobacteriaceae, which was first described by Werkman and Gillen in 1932.[healthfrom.com]
  • The role of Citrobacter species in the etiology of PD-related peritonitis is often underestimated.[medsci.org]

Epidemiology

  • But it is perplexing to see a rare gram negative organism causing a multifocal abscess in liver in an otherwise normal child, which would indicate a change in epidemiology of these infectious agents.[tropicalgastro.com]
  • Klebsiella spp. as Nosocomial Pathogens: Epidemiology, Taxonomy, Typing Methods, and Pathogenicity Factors. ClinMicrobiol Rev. 1998; 11(4): 589-603.[revistas.unimilitar.edu.co]
  • Clinical and molecular epidemiology of multidrug resistant Citrobacter species infections in French University hospital. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 2007: 26: 439-41.[jemds.com]
  • In this article, the taxonomy, epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, treatment, and outcome of citrobacter disease in children are reviewed. This is a preview of a remote PDF: Terence I. Doran.[paperity.org]
  • Clinical and molecular epidemiology of multidrug-resistant Citrobacter spp. infections in a French university hospital. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 2007;26:439-41. 16. Shahid M.[ijpmonline.org]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • The pathophysiology is not well understood, but a surface protein has been identified as a possible virulence factor among strains that cause citrobacter brain abscesses in neonates.[paperity.org]

Prevention

  • Prevention Citrobacter Pneumonia Prevention The treatment of this disease is more difficult, so the prevention is very important, should improve the body resistance to prevent the occurrence of citrate bacteria pneumonia, to actively treat the primary[healthfrom.com]
  • The kidneys are protected from infection by the ureterovesical valves that prevent reflux of urine from the bladder and the constant peristalsis of the ureters.[atsu.edu]
  • A comparison of ganciclovir and acyclovir to prevent cytomegalovirus after lung transplantation. Am ] Respir Crit Care Med 1994; 150: 146-152. ‎ Pagina 29 - Fang GD, Fine M, Orloff J, et al.[books.google.ro]
  • This practice is part of prevention of Ventilator Associated Pneumoniae (VAP).[rroij.com]
  • […] control measures to prevent person-to-person transmission, such as hand washing, are the most important measures to prevent Citrobacter infection.[antimicrobe.org]

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