Edit concept Question Editor Create issue ticket

CN Tear Gas Exposure

Exposed to Tear Gas Type Cn


Presentation

  • Presented in an easy-to-use double-page spread format, highly bulleted and concise, the Oxford Desk Reference: Toxicology is ideal for quick referral when an acute problem arises.[books.google.com]
  • When all areas have been cleaned, determine if any residue is present by inspecting each room individually.[cmmonline.com]
  • However, other risk factors may be present in individual cases which may independently increase the risk of adverse pregnancy outcome.[medicinesinpregnancy.org]
  • Story County Sheriff Paul Fitzgerald said there were three types of chemicals used by the various law enforcement agencies present in the Veishea riot — CN, CS, and OC.[iowastatedaily.com]
  • Due to the relatively low volatility and rapid rate of hydrolysis, the CS aerosol usually presents a negligible residual hazard.[globalsecurity.org]
Physician
  • Each chapter includes key clinical features and potential treatment options to help physicians to assess the potential severity of the poisoned patient and provide the optimum clinical care.[books.google.com]
  • REUTERS/Amr Abdallah Dalsh Unknown consequences Dr Vincent Iacopino from Physicians for Human Rights told Business Insider the long term effects of tear gas remain unknown.[businessinsider.com]
  • During the 1999 World Trade Organisation meeting and at the 2001 Summit of the Americas in Quebec, exposure to tear gas was the most common reason for medical consultations. 1 2 Primary and emergency care physicians play a role in the first line management[bmj.com]
  • A report released by the organization Physicians for Human Rights last year says, “Preliminary analysis of data suggests that the majority of Shi’a neighborhoods (comprising 80% of all neighborhoods in Bahrain) have been exposed to toxic chemical agent[mentalfloss.com]
  • Please check with a physician if you suspect you are ill.[democrati.net]
Down Syndrome
  • syndrome -- as well as adopted babies and twins Cross-referenced for easy, immediate access to information, supplemented with listings of resources such as videos, Web sites, and support groups, this volume is the most comprehensive collection of nursing[books.google.com]
Malaise
  • DM in effective doses causes significant vomiting with resulting mental depression and malaise. These agents cause some degree of pain sensation.[democrati.net]
Cough
  • The soldiers can be seen coughing, rubbing their eyes and retching after they are released from the chamber.[dailymail.co.uk]
  • Others said people were coughing up blood and collapsing. This has led some to suggest the Egyptian security forces have been using stronger forms of the gas.[bbc.com]
  • Salivation, coughing, choking, and a feeling of chest tightness. May cause reactive airway disease syndrome requiring medical intervention. Tingling sensation followed by coughing and decreased inhalation rates.[democrati.net]
  • Similarly, respiratory effects can occur immediately (eg, cough) or develop after about 3 weeks (eg, laryngeal obstruction). [2] Most cases are self-limited, lasting 15-30 minutes after clothing is removed and the person is in an open space. [1] Reconsider[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • Tear gases irritate the mucous membranes of the eyes, nose, mouth, and lungs, and cause tearing, coughing, burning, and stinging sensations, chest tightness and difficulty breathing.[mentalfloss.com]
Vomiting
  • Some people vomit after being gassed, he said. The most common kind of tear gas used in riot control is called CS. It's a solid that is shot through an aerosol, so it becomes a gas, Jordt said.[usatoday.com]
  • At higher concentrations, exposure can cause stomach irritation leading to vomiting and diarrhea. Cleanup is essential and tear gas clean-up is not a cleaning job to try to do on your own.[titankc.com]
  • In some cases there can be mucus secretion, nausea and vomiting, also burning sensations on the body in places touched by the hands. Recovery quickly follows after an affected person is immersed in fresh air.[pbs.org]
  • Gastrointestinal System CS causes loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, hematemesis (vomiting of blood) and even diarrhea in some cases. Liver damage has been described (acute hepatocellular changes and liver enzyme alterations).[caracaschronicles.com]
  • Heavy exposure can also induce vomiting. Symptoms begin 20 to 30 seconds after exposure but ease about 10 minutes later once the person has escaped to fresh air, says Neil Gibson, an analyst with IHS Jane's, an intelligence and security publication.[bbc.com]
Nausea
  • Also accompanied with CS is nausea, tightness of chest and burning sensation of the skin along with fear & panic. Like CN, CS relies on pain compliance.[sabrered.com]
  • In some cases there can be mucus secretion, nausea and vomiting, also burning sensations on the body in places touched by the hands. Recovery quickly follows after an affected person is immersed in fresh air.[pbs.org]
  • Exposure to field concentrations may cause nausea and vomiting and prolonged exposure to CS on skin may cause severe irritation and blistering. Incapacitation is caused by the individual's inability to see or preoccupation with the agent's effects.[globalsecurity.org]
  • Headaches, nausea, dizziness, clumsiness, drowsiness – effects similar to those of drinking alcohol. At high levels it can cause unconsciousness and death.[healthkenya.co.ke]
  • Patients may complain of blindness because of the intense tearing and blepharospasm, but patients who can physically open their eyes have no significant change in visual acuity Other manifestations are as follows: Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea may occur[emedicine.medscape.com]
Morning Sickness
  • On the way back, my boss noted he was surprised to see me actually eating food (my morning sickness had kept me from eating much up to that point). The next day, I began experiencing intense cramping.[banteargasnow.com]
Hypertension
  • They targeted susceptible groups to study in particular: those with asthma or chronic obstructive disease, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease and possibly those taking neuroleptic drugs.[gutsandgore.co.uk]
  • Increase in blood pressure may occur in hypertensive patients. Peripheral nerve damage has been reported. Vascular and musculoskeletal injuries might occur secondary to tear gas shell impact.[caracaschronicles.com]
  • Whatever the cause, adverse effects may be seen in individuals with hypertension, cardiovascular disease, or an aneurysm. Provided by Dr.[democrati.net]
Chest Pain
  • Experts agree that typical effects of common forms of tear gas are a burning, watery sensation in the eyes, difficulty breathing, chest pain, excessive saliva and skin irritation. Heavy exposure can also induce vomiting.[bbc.com]
  • Typically, the effects kick in after around 30 seconds, and include a burning, watery sensation in the eyes, difficulty breathing, chest pain, excessive saliva and skin irritation.[independent.co.uk]
Heart Disease
  • Individuals with other chronic conditions (diabetes, heart disease, arthritis, thyroid disease, multiple sclerosis, allergies) are at heightened risk for other complications, particularly aggravation of the pre-existing diseases, after tear gas exposure[caracaschronicles.com]
Blepharospasm
  • Eye involvement may include the following: Ocular pain, tearing, and severe blepharospasm are common; at high concentrations, 2-chloroacetophenone (CN) is known to cause corneal epithelial damage and chemosis.[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • The researchers also recommended using it as a prophylaxis to reduce or prevent lacrimation, eye irritation, and blepharospasm. 3.[democrati.net]
  • It can create excessive tearing, conjunctivitis, uncontrolled blinking (blepharospasm) and a sensation of burning and pain at initial exposure. Pulmonary edema (ARDS) and/or diffuse airway lesions on human would be lethal after CS inhalation.[link.springer.com]
  • Weapons Convention of 1997 The gas was notably used in Ferguson, Missouri during the recent disturbances there in 2014 The American Library of Medicine says of its effects: 'The eye is the most sensitive organ in riot control because CS causes epiphora, blepharospasm[dailymail.co.uk]
  • The eye is the most sensitive organ in riot control because CS causes epiphora, blepharospasm, a burning sensation, and visual problems.[gutsandgore.co.uk]
Excessive Tearing
  • Symptoms of Tear Gas Exposure stinging and burning of the eyes, nose, mouth, and skin excessive tearing blurred vision runny nose salivation (drooling) exposed tissue may develop a rash and a chemical burn coughing and difficulty breathing, including[thoughtco.com]
  • It can create excessive tearing, conjunctivitis, uncontrolled blinking (blepharospasm) and a sensation of burning and pain at initial exposure. Pulmonary edema (ARDS) and/or diffuse airway lesions on human would be lethal after CS inhalation.[link.springer.com]
  • Immediate signs and symptoms of exposure to a riot control agent People exposed to riot control agents may experience some or all of the following symptoms immediately after exposure: Eyes: excessive tearing, burning, blurred vision, redness Nose: runny[emergency.cdc.gov]
  • If you are exposed to either tear gas or pepper spray, you may experience: * Stinging, burning in your eyes, nose, mouth and skin * Excessive tearing, causing your vision to blur * Runny nose * Increased salivation * Coughing and difficulty breathing[crookedbough.com]
Eye Pain
  • Strong lacrimator with redness of eyes, eye pain, and blepharospasm. High dose may produce chemical injury to eye. Significant nasal discharge.[democrati.net]
  • ., itching, runny nose, and sneezing) Oral analgesics may help relieve eye pain. [30] Home remedies [ edit ] Vinegar, petroleum jelly, milk and lemon juice solutions have also been used by activists. [36] [37] [38] [39] It is unclear how effective these[en.wikipedia.org]
Red Nose
  • Immediate signs and symptoms of exposure to a riot control agent People exposed to riot control agents may experience some or all of the following symptoms immediately after exposure: Eyes: excessive tearing, burning, blurred vision, redness Nose: runny[emergency.cdc.gov]
Fussiness
  • […] antihistamines and antidepressants to spicy food, wine, or caffeine How to use natural remedies like fennel tea, cabbage leaves, and brewer's yeast to combat your own and your baby's discomforts How to accommodate your child's particular nursing style, be she fussy[books.google.com]
Irritability
  • Used as a riot control agent, tear gas is meant to disable a person’s eyesight, respiratory system, and irritate the skin. Causing sneezing, coughing, and mucus membrane irritation, it renders and attacker harmless.[spauldingdecon.com]
  • The amount needed to cause skin irritation and redness is above that needed for irritation of respiratory and gastrointestinal tract. Only slight eye irritation is reported when throat and chest irritation is present.[democrati.net]
  • The gas chromatographic analysis of irritating substances. Sud Med Ekspert 39(1):28-29. (Article in Russian.) D’Agostino PA [1996]. Capillary column gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometric characterization of irritants.[cdc.gov]
  • PS and CS are stronger irritants that can burn the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract. Such riot-control agents are banned by the CWC if… Read More[britannica.com]
  • CN primarily works as an irritant to the eyes and other mucous glands, while CS causes more irritation to the skin, he said. In that sense, CS makes for a more practical use in riot control.[iowastatedaily.com]
Seizure
  • Some have indicated tingling sensation, nervous system reactions including seizure like reactions that seems to be relieved by low-dose (3-5mg) diluted diazepam given slowly IV.[democrati.net]

Workup

  • Clinical and laboratory workup did not detect any of the evidence pertaining to cyanide poisoning. No fatality was recorded in the studied series.[scitechnol.com]

Treatment

  • Each chapter includes key clinical features and potential treatment options to help physicians to assess the potential severity of the poisoned patient and provide the optimum clinical care.[books.google.com]
  • The CDC recommendations for treatment: [1] Treatment consists of helping the affected person get more oxygen in his or her blood and of stopping agent-caused chemical burns from getting worse.[medic.wikia.com]
  • Tear Gas & Pepper Spray Treatment General Treatment For Tear Gas (CS, CN, CX) and Pepper Spray (OC) Before Practice first aid treatments before the action on each other so: You get experienced before you need to do treatments during an intense situation[angelfire.com]
  • Before Practice first aid treatments before the action on each other so: o You get experienced before you need to do treatments during an intense situation. o You know what the treatment feels like. During · Stay calm & focused.[streetmedicqc.blogspot.com]
  • The final decision regarding which treatment is used for an individual patient remains the clinical responsibility of the prescriber.[medicinesinpregnancy.org]

Epidemiology

  • Nearly 50 reviews, experimental studies, and human epidemiological studies on tear gas toxicity were critically reviewed.[heathtoxicology.expert]
  • Tear gas: an epidemiological and mechanistic reassessment. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 2016;1378(1):96-107. Wani M, Lone G, Singh S, et al. Vascular injuries caused by tear gas shells: surgical challenge and outcome.[caracaschronicles.com]
  • "Tear gas: an epidemiological and mechanistic reassessment". Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 1378 (1): 96–107. Bibcode : 2016NYASA1378...96R. doi : 10.1111/nyas.13141. PMC 5096012.[en.wikipedia.org]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Prevention

  • Additionally, use only one exit to prevent workers from traveling through already-cleaned areas.[cmmonline.com]
  • You’ll need to remove them to prevent damaging your eyes. If you wear glasses, they will also be covered and sitting right over your nose.[says.com]
  • Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety an Health, DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 1994-113. Potter W [1982]. Chloroacetophenone.[cdc.gov]
  • A day earlier, riot police cordoned off streets, set up roadblocks and fired tear gas and water cannons to prevent anti-government protesters from an effort to return to Taksim Square.[newssafety.org]
  • Health Risks of Tear Gas Contact: Skin Irritation Respiratory Problems Motor Control Loss Harm to Eyes, Nose and Throat Death (rare cases) Remediation Services to Prevent Skin Irritation, Respiratory Problems and More Long term effects and health risks[biorecovery.com]

Ask Question

5000 Characters left Format the text using: # Heading, **bold**, _italic_. HTML code is not allowed.
By publishing this question you agree to the TOS and Privacy policy.
• Use a precise title for your question.
• Ask a specific question and provide age, sex, symptoms, type and duration of treatment.
• Respect your own and other people's privacy, never post full names or contact information.
• Inappropriate questions will be deleted.
• In urgent cases contact a physician, visit a hospital or call an emergency service!