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Compulsive Behavior

Compulsive Behaviour


Presentation

  • A 15-year-old boy presented with severe OCD of recent onset. An infarct of the caudate nucleus was identified as the initial presentation of primary APS.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Evidence is presented demonstrating separate animal models for many of these sources of reinforcement as well as for most of the criteria for substance dependence.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Abstract Four frameworks for understanding obsessive-compulsive behavior have been presented. It is apparent that there is no single, simple basis for obsessive-compulsive symptomatology.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Obsessive ideas and compulsive behaviors that were common for fourth-grade children were present in only a minority of children in the eighth grade, and were associated with high levels of anxiety.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Normative rituals are also often present among typically developing preschoolers. However, it is unclear how these behaviors affect the child.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Developmental Delay
  • Children with PWS exhibited more severe ritualistic behavior than typically developing children but not other children with developmental delays.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Polydipsia
  • BACKGROUND: Schedule-induced polydipsia (SIP), characterized by the development of excessive drinking under intermittent food-reinforcement schedules, has been proposed as a successful model for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), schizophrenia, and[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Dysphoric Mood
  • -month period: (a) time consumed by sexual fantasies, urges, or behaviors repetitively interferes with other important (non-sexual) goals, activities, and obligations; (b) repetitively engaging in sexual fantasies, urges, or behaviors in response to dysphoric[mdedge.com]
Withdrawn
  • For example, a formerly friendly and outgoing person might become isolated or withdrawn, or it might start to feel as if a friend or family member is keeping secrets.[webmd.com]
Profound Mental Retardation
  • Abstract Self-injury is a significant problem for many individuals with developmental disabilities, particularly those with severe or profound mental retardation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Workup

  • In general, routine medical workup for childhood OCD is not indicated, but a comprehensive psychiatric, medical, and family history taking and physical examination are essential, particularly if OCD is of recent onset.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Treatment

  • Overall, a positive outcome was noted with sex offender treatment. Cognitive-behavioral and hormonal treatment were the most promising. Voluntary treatment led to a slightly better outcome than mandatory participation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • In Experiment 2, a multiple schedules treatment was conducted with each participant, and in Experiment 3, the participant with autism and OC behavior completed exposure and response prevention (ERP) treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • All subjects were evaluated using an A-B open-trial method with 4-month baseline and treatment phases.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Anticoagulant treatment (enoxaparin and phenprocoumon) in this patient was effective in reducing obsessive-compulsive symptom severity. OCD may present as a neuropsychiatric manifestation of APS.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • It also highlights the need for further research on pharmacological treatments in bvFTD.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Etiology

  • It has been hypothesized that the serotonergic system is implicated in the etiology of obsessive-compulsive disorder.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Such approaches have, however, moved much faster than theoretical consideration, measurement validation, and research into competing etiological explanations and comparable behavioral patterns.[psychcentral.com]
  • Practically all categories in the chapter could be designated 'not otherwise specified', 'unknown etiology' or 'transient'.[icd10data.com]
  • (See Etiology, History.) Once believed to be relatively rare in children and adolescents, OCD now is thought to affect as many as 2–3% of children.[emedicine.medscape.com]

Epidemiology

  • CONCLUSIONS: While epidemiological studies of tic disorders and obsessive-compulsive disorder have yet to incorporate questions concerning "just right" perceptions, these results suggest that such perceptions may be commonplace in adolescent and adult[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Because of the lack of large-scale, population-based epidemiological studies assessing CSB, its true prevalence among adults is unknown.[mdedge.com]
  • (See Epidemiology.) In the history of treatment, insight-oriented psychotherapy did not appear to improve OCD, and psychodynamic understanding was not helpful. (See Treatment.)[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • Clinical Trials at NIMH/NIH Scientists at the NIMH campus conduct research on numerous areas of study, including cognition, genetics, epidemiology, brain imaging, and treatment development.[nimh.nih.gov]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Although several studies link striatal dysfunction to compulsivity, the pathophysiology remains poorly understood.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • CONCLUSIONS: The results eliminate two possible candidate genes from having a role in the pathophysiology of Tourette's syndrome.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prevention

  • In Experiment 2, a multiple schedules treatment was conducted with each participant, and in Experiment 3, the participant with autism and OC behavior completed exposure and response prevention (ERP) treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Once the active treatment phase is completed, a maintenance phase involving response prevention activities can help prevent relapse.[apa.org]
  • ., to develop and implement substance abuse prevention education programs for middle and high schools. Graduate students in the Graduate College of Rush University are involved in the scientific portion of curriculum development.[rushu.rush.edu]
  • Clericalism is a burden that prevents clerics from embracing their full human nature. Symptoms, like depression, anxiety, and substance abuse are just the tip of an iceberg. The story of our traumas and adversities lie below.[psychologytoday.com]
  • Washing rituals are performed in an attempt to prevent this perceived danger.[ocdtypes.com]

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