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Congenital Alopecia


Presentation

  • We present the first case of cutaneous mastocytosis associated with congenital alopecia areata in a 3-year-old Korean girl.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Congenital triangular alopecia, despite its name, usually presents in children between 3 and 6 years of age, but adult patients have been reported.[miami.pure.elsevier.com]
  • On Admission POA Help "Present On Admission" is defined as present at the time the order for inpatient admission occurs — conditions that develop during an outpatient encounter, including emergency department, observation, or outpatient surgery, are[icd10data.com]
Persistent Cough
  • PCD can present with recurrent sinus and ear infections, lung effusions, persistent cough and pneumonia. Other findings may include asplenia or polysplenia.[phillyderm.org]
Alopecia
  • We have thus mapped the gene for this hereditary form of isolated congenital alopecia to a locus on chromosome 8p21-22 (ALUNC [alopecia universalis congenitalis]).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We present the first case of cutaneous mastocytosis associated with congenital alopecia areata in a 3-year-old Korean girl.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The familial occurrence of universal congenital alopecia conjoined with nonprogressive central nervous system abnormalities in this and other kindreds defines a nosologic group of neurocutaneous disorders in which congenital alopecia is the solitary cutaneous[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • CONCLUSION: A mouse model of congenital alopecia has led to understanding the molecular basis of at least one type of severe human alopecia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We report on two sisters affected by congenital alopecia, nail dystrophy, and a severe T-cell immunodeficiency, presumably inherited as an autosomal-recessive disorder.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Workup

  • […] vellus hairs were the most sensitive markers, whereas black dots, tapering hairs and broken hairs were the most specific markers. . overlapping features of SLE and KFD it is imperative to take a thorough history and physical exam and do a serologic workup[phillyderm.org]
  • Inject Lidocaine and epinephrine and allow time for vasoconstriction Preoperative Workup History & Physical exam, CBC, Coagulation Profile, Metabolic Panel, Anesthesia ASA Categorization Anatomy and Landmarks Differentiate shaved skin from alopecia with[csurgeries.com]

Treatment

  • This study describes the case of a 16-year-old girl that came to observation for the treatment of a congenital alopecia causing great psychological distress.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Treatment - T-cell immunodeficiency- congenital alopecia and nail dystrophy N/A Resources - T-cell immunodeficiency- congenital alopecia and nail dystrophy[checkorphan.org]
  • We at the California offices of US Hair Restoration offer treatments for congenital temporal trangular alopecia.[ushairtransplant.com]
  • Unfortunately, hair regrowth was not sustained following the cessation of treatment.[ijtrichology.com]

Prognosis

  • Prognosis - T-cell immunodeficiency- congenital alopecia and nail dystrophy Without effective treatment, most affected individuals live only into infancy or early childhood.[checkorphan.org]
  • The prognosis is variable and depends on the etiology and severity of hair loss.[amboss.com]
  • Prognosis In most cases that begin with a small number of patches of hair loss, hair grows back after a few months to a year.[adultandpediatricdermatology.com]
  • Cyclopropenone (DPCP) Treatment in Alopecia Totalis or Alopecia Universalis. ( 29911776 ) Thuangtong R....Rujitharanawong C. 2017 5 Review of treatment for alopecia totalis and alopecia universalis. ( 28378336 ) Kassira S....Dann F. 2017 6 Long-Term Prognosis[malacards.org]
  • Hirschsprung’s disease in cartilage-hair hypoplasia has poor prognosis. J Pediatr Surg. 2002;37(11):1585–8. View Article PubMed Google Scholar Copyright[jmedicalcasereports.biomedcentral.com]

Etiology

  • The exact etiology of this condition remains unknown. Rarely, it may be associated with other disorders such as Down's syndrome and phakomatosis pigmentovascularis. The diagnosis is based on its distinct clinical appearance.[ijtrichology.com]

Epidemiology

  • Epidemiology Most common type of alopecia Prevalence : Increases with age Sex: (but very common in women as well) Age at onset: puberty in males; menopause in females Ethnicity: more common in white populations Etiology Increased androgen sensitivity[amboss.com]
  • Epidemiology and genetics of alopecia areata. Clin Exper Dermatol. 2002;27:405-09. Hordinsky M, Sawaya M, Roberts JL. Hair loss and hirsutism in the elderly. Clin Geriatr Med. 2002;18:121-33. Papadopoulos AJ, Schwartz RA, Janniger CK.[rarediseases.org]
  • Epidemiology The condition affects 0.1%-0.2% of humans, occurring in both males and females. Alopecia areata occurs in people who are apparently healthy and have no skin disorder.[adultandpediatricdermatology.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Ethnicity: more common in white populations Etiology Increased androgen sensitivity of hair follicle in genetically predisposed individuals, Uncommon causes Congenital adrenal hyperplasia Androgen -producing tumors: Leydig cell tumor, arrhenoblastoma Pathophysiology[amboss.com]
  • A powerful approach to advance our understanding of the pathophysiology of hair loss is to identify the genes underlying isolated and syndromic forms of hair loss.[jpma.org.pk]

Prevention

  • Symptoms - T-cell immunodeficiency- congenital alopecia and nail dystrophy Causes - T-cell immunodeficiency- congenital alopecia and nail dystrophy Prevention - T-cell immunodeficiency- congenital alopecia and nail dystrophy Cannot be prevented: genetic[checkorphan.org]
  • People with this form of SCID have a deficiency or absence of functional T cells, which normally recognize and attack foreign invaders to prevent infection.[ivami.com]
  • Stomatitis is not commonly seen with weekly doses Eat fresh fruits and vegetables and consume a balanced diet on a daily basis to prevent premature.[hieratic.eu]
  • Rapidly find the answers you need with separate sections on diseases and disorders, differential diagnosis, clinical algorithms, laboratory results, and clinical preventive services, plus an at-a-glance format that uses cross-references, outlines, bullets[books.google.com]
  • Although many therapeutic options currently exist in alopecia areata, none of them are curative or preventive. Besides, none of them are approved by Food and Drug Administration (FDA).[semanticscholar.org]

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