Edit concept Question Editor Create issue ticket

Congenital Anomaly of the Pelvis

Congenital Anomalies of the Pelvis


Presentation

  • A calcaneovarus deformity of the foot may be present. Sensory loss corresponding to involved sacral roots may be present. Type II The vertebropelvic junction is stable if associated myelomeningocele is not present.[boneandspine.com]
  • We present a case of 43 year old female who presented with intermittent dull aching pain in right lower abdomen, who had malrotated pelvic kidneys with vascular anomalies, associated with spina bifida.[casereports.in]
  • Usually, the uterus is absent but ovaries are present. Vaginal atresia (absent lower vagina). A normal uterus is usually present. Mullerian aplasia (nearly all the vagina and most of the uterus are absent).[fwcenterforpelvicmedicine.com]
  • In children, it normally presents with pain and vomiting. A significant number will require intervention - some do not present with functional obstruction until adulthood.[patient.info]
  • If located near the surface, these malformations cause a lump beneath the skin and a corresponding bluish birthmark or skin lesion that is present at birth and becomes larger as a child grows.[nyulangone.org]
Physician
  • There are many physicians who do not have a desk computer or do not History feel at ease in using one.[books.google.com]
  • […] logo-32 logo-40 logo-60 New England Journal of Medicine NEJM Group Follow Us Facebook Twitter Instagram YouTube LinkedIn Blog Prepare to become a physician, build your knowledge, lead a health care organization, and advance your career with NEJM Group[nejm.org]
  • Most women with these disorders suffer in silence, never mentioning it even to their physicians.[loyolamedicine.org]
  • Affiliated Physicians: Maternal Fetal Medicine What is a Congenital heart defect? Congenital heart defect corrective surgery fixes or treats a heart defect that a child is born with.[obgyn.ucla.edu]
  • Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Association of Physicians. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: [email protected] Related articles in PubMed[academic.oup.com]
Swelling
  • Depending on the location of a vascular malformation and the structures it affects, it can also cause constipation, pelvic pressure, or swelling in the limbs.[nyulangone.org]
  • The typical hydrocele is observed at birth as a unilateral or bilateral swelling in the scrotum, which may fluctuate in size. It may be very tense, is usually non-tender and is, often, bluish in colour.[patient.info]
Inflammation
  • Morbidity caused by the anchoring of organs to nearby structures, impeding normal movement and promoting kinks, deformity, and blockage Risk Factors Emergency surgery; pelvic surgery Lower gastrointestinal procedures Age History of abdominal infection, inflammation[unboundmedicine.com]
Abdominal Mass
  • Children can present with urinary tract infections (UTIs), abdominal mass and haematuria. Ectopic kidney [ 12 ] In simple ectopy, the kidney does not ascend properly and is found in the pelvis or over the brim.[patient.info]
Acute Abdomen
  • Abdomen in Pediatrics 279 Tumor and TumorLike Lesions of the Pediatric Retroperitoneum 289 MR Urography in Children 295 BREAST IMAGING SATELLITE COURSE PEARL 311 How to Interpret Microcalcifications 313 Current Indications and Outlook to the Future 319[books.google.com]
Fracture
  • […] medulla “Finger” is typically segmented with pseudo-articulations May contain 2, 3 or 4 segments May or may not pseudo-articulate with the axial skeleton Differential Diagnosis Heterotopic ossification – frequently a history of prior trauma Avulsion fracture[learningradiology.com]
  • Pelvic floor relaxation is rare among black women; at the other extreme are tall, thin, asthenic individuals prone to develop multiple fractures and hernias.[glowm.com]
Cryptorchidism
  • An ectopic SOX9 and DAX1 gene or XX chimerism were discussed.A case of SR with abdominal cryptorchidism and atresia ani was reported. Primitive testis with gubernaculum testis and processes vaginalis are unique features.[krishikosh.egranth.ac.in]
  • If left untreated, cryptorchidism is linked to a higher occurrence of testicular tumors and sterility. Hypospadias : The urinary meatus (opening) forms somewhere along the underside of the penis instead of at the tip.[my.clevelandclinic.org]
  • Cryptorchidism [ 26 ] Testicular descent is arrested. This is the most common congenital anomaly affecting the genitalia of newborn male infants.[patient.info]
  • Congenital Abnormalities of the Urinary Tract (Common) The most frequent congenital defects and abnormalities of the genitourinary tract are hydronephrosis, undescended testicles (cryptorchidism), hypospadias and epispadias.[examnnotes.com]

Workup

Treatment

  • Surgeries Performed What Surgical Treatments are Available for Pelvic Floor Disorders? If nonsurgical treatments are no longer providing relief or cannot manage your condition, your doctor may recommend surgical treatment.[loyolamedicine.org]
  • They are not dangerous and may require cosmetic treatment or no treatment at all. Other vascular malformations, such as arteriovenous malformations and venous malformations, are located inside the body.[nyulangone.org]
  • No treatment is required Pelvic Digit .[learningradiology.com]
  • Babies with birth defects often need special care and treatments. The treatments may include surgery, medicines, assistive devices, and therapies. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Intersex (Medical Encyclopedia) [ Read More ][icdlist.com]

Prognosis

  • […] decompression or excision of cysts do not improve renal function There is no higher incidence of renal cell carcinoma in these patients 50% of the children of affected adults will have the disease When the disease affects children, it has a very poor prognosis[clevelandurology.net]
  • Ongoing Care Prognosis Adhesions are typically asymptomatic. Once present, they cannot be fully removed. No single approach has been satisfactory in removing adhesions.[unboundmedicine.com]
  • Advances in prenatal diagnosis, fetal surgery and targeted therapies have improved the prognosis and quality of life in affected families [ 1 ] . The kidney [ 1 ] The kidney is the most common site of congenital abnormalities.[patient.info]

Etiology

  • Etiology of Sacral Agenesis The exact etiology of sacral agenesis is unknown. Maternal diabetes is the risk factor. Exposure to organic solvents in early pregnancy may increase the incidence.[boneandspine.com]
  • Congenital (4.7%) Inflammatory (2.3%) Etiology and Pathophysiology Congenital: formed during organogenesis Acquired adhesions Postinflammatory: most commonly from diverticulitis, appendicitis, endometriosis, peritonitis, radiotherapy, long-term peritoneal[unboundmedicine.com]
  • Etiology of congenital dislocation of the hip. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1949;31: 341–356 View Article Google Scholar 5. Gardner E, Gray DJ. Prenatal development of the human hip joint.[journals.plos.org]
  • While there is lack of uniformity in regard to preventing vault prolapse after hysterectomy, Colombo and Milani's 25 criteria for matched controls is a comprehensive list of possible etiologic factors: grade of uterine prolapse, age, parity, dystocia[glowm.com]

Epidemiology

  • Epidemiology Incidence True incidence is difficult to determine because some adhesions are asymptomatic.[unboundmedicine.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Pathophysiology and prevention of postoperative peritoneal adhesions. World J Gastroenterol . 2011;17(41):4545–4553. [PMID:22147959] Moris D, Chakedis J, Rahnemai-Azar AA, et al.[unboundmedicine.com]
  • J Urol 152:596–599 PubMed Google Scholar Koff SA, Hayden LJ, Ciruli C, Shore R (1986) Pathophysiology of UPJ obstruction: experimental and clinical observations.[link.springer.com]

Prevention

  • Primary prevention: Avoid abdominal infection or need for abdominal surgery.[unboundmedicine.com]
  • Surgery may be required to prevent kidney damage.[ummchealth.com]
  • Hospital for Sick Children Health A-Z Search a complete list of child health articles expand_more View All Drug A-Z Search a list of articles about medications expand_more View All Learning Hubs Browse a complete list of content groups Healthy Living & Prevention[aboutkidshealth.ca]
  • Is chronic lung disease in low birth weight infants preventable? A survey of eight centers. ‎ Página 84 - Tanner JM, Whitehouse RH, Marubini E, Resele LF. The adolescent growth spurt of boys and girls of the Harpenden growth study. ‎[books.google.es]
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Intersex (Medical Encyclopedia) [ Read More ][icdlist.com]

Ask Question

5000 Characters left Format the text using: # Heading, **bold**, _italic_. HTML code is not allowed.
By publishing this question you agree to the TOS and Privacy policy.
• Use a precise title for your question.
• Ask a specific question and provide age, sex, symptoms, type and duration of treatment.
• Respect your own and other people's privacy, never post full names or contact information.
• Inappropriate questions will be deleted.
• In urgent cases contact a physician, visit a hospital or call an emergency service!