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Congenital Eye Anomaly

Abnormalities Eye


Presentation

  • Each child in the BOSU data set was assigned one of four outcomes, three in which the child's identifiers matched those in the NCAS data set, and one when no match was present ( Table 1 ).[nature.com]
  • This can be present at birth, or it can develop later. If a hemangioma begins pressing on a nerve or if there is a carotid artery dissection (a splitting of the artery that feeds the brain), Horner's syndrome can develop.[chw.org]
  • Present On Admission POA Help "Present On Admission" is defined as present at the time the order for inpatient admission occurs — conditions that develop during an outpatient encounter, including emergency department, observation, or outpatient surgery[icd10data.com]
  • Chromosomes, which are present in the nucleus of human cells, carry the genetic information for each individual. Human body cells normally have 46 chromosomes.[rarediseases.org]
  • If photophobia is present in patients with corectopia and polycoria, contact lenses may be used to cover the holes in the iris. Prognosis Prognosis is good, particularly in the absence of glaucoma.[orpha.net]
Juvenile Cataract
  • Page updated June 2018 *Congenital and juvenile cataracts. Ophthalmology, 3rd ed. 2008. **Pediatric cataracts. Textbook of Family Practice, 7th ed. 2007.[allaboutvision.com]
Anhidrosis
  • The nerve dysfunction can cause ptosis (droopy eyelid), miosis (small pupil when compared to the other), and anhidrosis (lack of sweating) on one side of the face. This can be present at birth, or it can develop later.[chw.org]

Treatment

  • The best treatment is prevention for certain eye problems.[chw.org]
  • What is included in treatment of congenital/developmental eye anomalies? Treatment focuses on maximizing visual potential with glasses and patching.[childrensnational.org]
  • Most infants with ROP improve spontaneously, but some develop severe changes that require treatment with a laser.[dmei.org]
  • He has had 39 surgical procedures on his eyes, including two corneal grafts and a numbers of glaucoma treatments.[globalgenes.org]
  • They also provide evaluation and treatment for patients referred to the Center from community physicians.[my.clevelandclinic.org]

Prognosis

  • Prognosis Prognosis is good, particularly in the absence of glaucoma. The documents contained in this web site are presented for information purposes only.[orpha.net]
  • Identification of the underlying syndrome is important for prognosis and family counseling; a clinical geneticist, when available, can help guide the evaluation. Click here for Patient Education NOTE: This is the Professional Version.[merckmanuals.com]
  • Parents will be made aware of the visual potential of the child, the possible need for special educational placement, and the long-term prognosis and/or progression of the disease. In some cases low vision aids may be necessary or helpful.[childrensnational.org]
  • The longer the period of visual disability, the worse the prognosis in terms of visual acuity. The most common causes are: Strabismus - secondary to suppression of images from the affected eye to avoid double vision.[patient.info]

Etiology

  • Etiology Patients with ARS have been found to have mutations in the transcription factor genes PITX2 (4q25) and FOXC1 (6p25). A large number of different mutations have been identified but there is no clear genotype-phenotype relationship.[orpha.net]
  • Etiology The embryonic origins of morning glory anomaly is not clear but is hypothesized to be either due to a defect in fetal fissure closure or a primary mesenchymal abnormality. [1] Risk Factors Morning glory anomaly is more common in females and more[eyewiki.aao.org]
  • Although there are few sources with which to compare these findings directly, it is probable that bilateral disease is more common than unilateral in the United Kingdom, reflecting differences in relevant etiologic factors.[iovs.arvojournals.org]

Epidemiology

  • This problem motivated one of the authors to establish a new model of disaster epidemiology.[books.google.com]
  • The data also serve to inform service planning and medical/epidemiological research.[nature.com]
  • Rahi From the Departments of Paediatric Epidemiology and Ophthalmology, Institute of Child Health/Great Ormond Street Hospital National Health Service Trust; and the Department of Epidemiology, Institute of Ophthalmology, London, United Kingdom.[iovs.arvojournals.org]
  • Abstract There is little information about the epidemiology of congenital eye anomalies in Ghana.[who.int]
  • Summary Epidemiology The syndrome has an estimated prevalence of 1/200,000. Clinical description The clinical manifestations of ARS are highly variable. Features can be divided into ocular and non-ocular findings.[orpha.net]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Prevention

  • The best treatment is prevention for certain eye problems.[chw.org]
  • Some birth defects can be prevented. Taking folic acid can help prevent some birth defects. Talk to your doctor about any medicines you take. Some medicines can cause serious birth defects.[icdlist.com]
  • Hospital for Sick Children Health A-Z Search a complete list of child health articles expand_more View All Drug A-Z Search a list of articles about medications expand_more View All Learning Hubs Browse a complete list of content groups Healthy Living & Prevention[aboutkidshealth.ca]
  • Foundation Grant Research to Prevent Blindness Career Development Award Paul R. Lichter, M.D.[medicine.umich.edu]
  • This results from uneven curvature of the cornea and/or lens which prevents light rays entering the eye from focusing to a single point on the retina, thereby causing blur.[dmei.org]

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