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Congenital Malformation of the Knee Joint

Congenital Malformation of Knee Joint


  • The anomaly was still present at the thirdtrimester ultrasound scan. Normal spontaneous vaginal delivery of a male baby occurred at 40 weeks’ gestation; the Apgar scores were ˆ Correspondence to: Dr L.[doctiktak.com]
  • Measurements of knee alignment in the coronal plane (Figure 7) revealed that in 92.1% of feet no knee malalignment was present, in 5% genu varum was present, and in 3% genu valgus was present.[healio.com]
  • New findings are incorporated into all chapters, important advances in treatment are presented and the latest concepts in tumor diagnosis and neuro-orthopedics are discussed.[books.google.ro]
Difficulty Walking
  • Some bone disorders can show no symptoms, whilst others cause pain and difficulties walking.[drguichet.com]
  • . – Swelling, ecchymosis, – Leg alignment • • • • Genu valgum and genu varum Hyperextension and hyperflexion ... abnormal patellar tracking due to genu valgum, external tibial torsion, foot ...[docpile.net]
Wound Infection
  • These complications included loss of alignment, vascular complications, pathologic fractures, wound infection, anterior and posterior angulation at the osteotomy site, tibial tubercle prominence and patellofemoral malalignment.” Myckosie J.P.[slideshare.net]
Hemophilia A
  • Congenital bony anomalv and acute trauma may Genu Recurvatum in Hemophilia: A Case Report Anupam Datta Gupta, ...[fradown.com]
Saddle Nose
  • nose Vertebral column Spinal curvature Scoliosis Klippel–Feil syndrome Spondylolisthesis Spina bifida occulta Sacralization Thoracic skeleton ribs : Cervical Bifid sternum : Pectus excavatum Pectus carinatum[en.wikipedia.org]
Cauliflower Ear
  • ear General terms Valgus deformity / Varus deformity Joint stiffness Ligamentous laxity v t e Congenital malformations and deformations of musculoskeletal system / musculoskeletal abnormality ( Q65–Q76, 754–756.3 ) Appendicular limb / dysmelia Arms clavicle[en.wikipedia.org]
Joint Deformity
Coxa Vara
  • vara leg Unequal leg length patella Luxating patella Chondromalacia patellae Patella baja Patella alta foot deformity Bunion/hallux valgus Hallux varus Hallux rigidus Hammer toe Foot drop Flat feet Club foot knee Genu recurvatum Head Cauliflower ear[en.wikipedia.org]
  • Axial Skull and face Craniosynostosis : Scaphocephaly Oxycephaly Trigonocephaly Craniofacial dysostosis : Crouzon syndrome Hypertelorism Hallermann–Streiff syndrome Treacher Collins syndrome other: Macrocephaly Platybasia Craniodiaphyseal dysplasia Dolichocephaly[en.wikipedia.org]
Coxa Valga
  • valga Coxa vara knee : Genu valgum Genu varum Genu recurvatum Discoid meniscus Congenital patellar dislocation Congenital knee dislocation foot deformity : varus Club foot Pigeon toe valgus Flat feet Pes cavus Rocker bottom foot Hammer toe Either / both[en.wikipedia.org]
Winged Scapula
  • Classification D ICD - 10 : M21.8, Q68.2 ICD - 9-CM : 736.5, 754.40 v t e Musculoskeletal disorders : Acquired musculoskeletal deformities ( M20–M25, M95, 734–738 ) Upper limb shoulder Winged scapula Adhesive capsulitis Rotator cuff tear Subacromial bursitis[en.wikipedia.org]
Lower Motor Neurone Lesion
  • motor neuron lesion (for example, in post-polio syndrome ) Deficit in joint proprioception Lower limb length discrepancy Congenital genu recurvatum Cerebral palsy Muscular dystrophy Limited dorsiflexion ( plantar flexion contracture) Popliteus muscle[en.wikipedia.org]


  • We devised the following treatment protocol: Stage 1: Treatment with manipulation.[journals.eco-vector.com]
  • DURATION OF TREATMENT The number and frequency of treatments depends greatly on the clinical situation and personal lifestyle of the patient. However, multiple treatments are required to achieve lasting results.[medicasancarlo.it]
  • [ edit ] Treatment generally includes the following: Sometimes pharmacologic therapy for initial disease treatment Physical therapy Occupational therapy Use of appropriate assistive devices such as orthoses Surgical treatment See also [ edit ] Genu varum[en.wikipedia.org]
  • Knowing the exact cause of the disease does not alter the treatment management.[docplayer.net]
  • When CGR is isolated, orthopedic treatment will usually lead to a good functional prognosis.[unboundmedicine.com]


  • When CGR is isolated, orthopedic treatment will usually lead to a good functional prognosis.[unboundmedicine.com]
  • The prognosis depends on the severity of associated anomalies, mainly on the severity of the central nervous system compromise. Type 1 is categorized by craniosynostosis, broad thumbs, syndactyly, and normal intelligence compatible with life.[semanticscholar.org]


  • The etiology and management options for CGR are briefly discussed.[unboundmedicine.com]
  • The etiology and management options for CGR are briefly discussed. Still can't find the full text of the article? We can help you send a request to the authors directly.[pubfacts.com]
  • The etiology and management options for CGR are briefly discussed. Copyright  2003 ISUOG. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.[doctiktak.com]
  • The etiology and management options for CGR are briefly discussed. Copyright 2003 ISUOG. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.[onlinelibrary.wiley.com]
  • Katz MP, Grogono JS, Soper KC (1967) The etiology and treat- Bowed Legs (Genu Varum) Knock-Knees (Genu Valgum) In the first 18 to 24 months of life, a child’s legs naturally bow outward to the side.[fradown.com]


  • The epidemiology and causes of cerebral palsy. Australian Journal of physiotherapy. 2003;49(1):7-12. Maenner MJ, Blumberg SJ, Kogan MD, Christensen D, Yeargin-Allsopp M, Schieve LA.[now.aapmr.org]
  • There are constitutive differences in the populations with and without implants that are independent of the implant itself, which confound the interpretation of epidemiological investigations.[pma-anz.com]
  • Authors in this study analysed the all material of the long-lasting prospective epidemiologic study 1984-1995 involving clinical and ultrasonographical examination of 56... 1999: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca # 39 Alice[read.qxmd.com]
  • Epidemiology Physiologic genu varum, defined as occurring in children younger than 2 years, is exceedingly common but is self-correcting.[emedicine.medscape.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution


  • Contents 1 Causes 2 Pathophysiology 3 Treatment 4 See also 5 References 6 External links Causes [ edit ] The following factors may be involved in causing this deformity: Inherent laxity of the knee ligaments Weakness of biceps femoris muscle Instability[en.wikipedia.org]
  • Radiographs, though optional as a rule, may be needed to differentiate physiologic varus from pathologic conditions that call for treatment. [4] Pathophysiology In normal alignment, the lower-extremity lengths are equal, and the mechanical axis (center[emedicine.medscape.com]


  • This deformity prevents full range of motion. For example, a flexor deformity of a joint prevents full extension. At the bone level.[leg-limb-stature-lengthening-taller-height-increase-cosmetic.eu]
  • The purpose of this treatment is to prevent the accumulation of waste elements and the stagnation of liquids in the vessels. Massaged tissues are released from toxins with the most obvious result a reduction of edema and swelling in the legs.[medicasancarlo.it]
  • POSITION Positions of these deformities can occur at: Joint level, preventing full extension and motion.[drguichet.com]

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