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Coxsackie Meningitis

Coxsackie Viral Meningitis


  • A personal presentation format simulates the clinical experience of asking advice of a trusted colleague. Algorithms and patient resource information complement each chapter. Succinct therapeutic chapters are ideal study tools for the exams.[books.google.de]
  • In the present material Coxsackie infections reached a peak in September at the same time as aseptic meningitis.[link.springer.com]
  • During the following 3 days 6 more children, 4 boys and 2 girls 10 to 15 years of age presented with similar findings.[journals.lww.com]
  • […] this report to provide details pertinent to the laboratory diagnosis of this infant's disease, which were not included in the original report, and to document relative immunologic maturity in this newborn infant.Clinical AbstractsThe clinical records presented[nejm.org]
  • This study analyzed the epidemiology, circulating pattern, and clinical presentations of CVB3 in Hong Kong over the last 10 years with reference to the circulation of EV in the locality.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Between the two extremes, most patients report dyspnea, chest pain, fever, and malaise. Symptoms may be preceded by an upper respiratory infection within the preceding 7-14 days.[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • Malaise 6. Drowsiness 7. Sore throat 8. Myalgia 9. Nausea 10. Vomiting There may also be (but not commonly): 11. Photophobia 12. Tinnitus (noise in the ears) 13. Vertigo 14. Chest and abdominal pain 15.[atsu.edu]
  • Steps for of diagnosis of hand, foot and mouth disease Steps for diagnosis include (1-6): Clinical history of fever, sore throat, malaise, headache and general feeling of unwell is commonly seen.[news-medical.net]
  • Other HFMD symptoms include the following: Fever Reduced appetite Sore throat Malaise The symptoms generally appear in stages and the incubation period is usually 3 to 6 days. 2 The most common complication is dehydration.[pharmacytimes.com]
  • . ‡ Resident pathologist, Tripler United States Army Hospital.[nejm.org]
Nasal Congestion
  • Nasal congestion and a nonproductive cough had. .. Funding and Disclosures * From the Department of Virus Diseases and the Veterans Administration Central Laboratory for Clinical Pathology, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research.[nejm.org]
Back Pain
  • […] feeding High-pitched cry Arching back Cries when picked up or being held Inconsolable crying Bulging fontanelle (soft spot on an infant's head) Noticeably different temperament A purple-red splotchy rash In children older than one year: Neck and/or back[stanfordchildrens.org]
  • The symptoms associated with these complications include high fever, headache, legarthy, irritability, stiff neck, and back pain. If your child has any of these additional symptoms, you should seek medical attention. What Causes Coxsackievirus vs.[emedicinehealth.com]
  • A twenty-two-year-old woman was admitted to the hospital in Honolulu, Hawaii, at term with chills, fever and severe frontal headache. Nasal congestion and a nonproductive cough had. ..[nejm.org]
  • Two days after returning home 4 boys ages 10, 11, 13 and 15 years, respectively, were hospitalized because of fever, headache and vomiting. None complained of diarrhea, sore throat, cough or chest pain.[journals.lww.com]
  • When the conjunctiva of the eye become inflamed, symptoms including pain and swelling of the eye, red eye, and headache may occur. Hepatitis.[belmarrahealth.com]
  • Diagnosis and Treatment Meningitis is initially diagnosed based on the symptoms, specifically the headache and stiff neck symptoms.[innerbody.com]
  • It is often confused with foot-and-mouth disease (also known as hoof-and-mouth disease), which affects cattle, sheep, and swine. Pharmacists can play an important role in counseling patients on symptoms and prevention strategies.[pharmacytimes.com]
  • DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS : Viral meningitis may be confused with: 1. Bacterial meningitis 2. Brucellosis 3. Listeriosis 4. Leptospirosis 5. Tuberculosis 6. Syphilis 7. Lymphogranuloma venereum 8. Typhus 9. Mycoplasmal pneumonia 10. Malignancy 11.[atsu.edu]
  • If there is confusion about the exact diagnosis, an infectious-disease specialist may be consulted. A cardiologist or intensive-care specialist may be needed for the management of severe complications.[emedicinehealth.com]
  • Others, such as headache and confusion, are hard to decipher in a baby. Your baby might also be crying constantly and have a bulging fontanel (soft spot on his head).[babycenter.com]
  • However other symptoms may be confusing and often appear similar. Herpes infections. This could be herpes simplex infections or a recurrence of chicken pox lesions called Herpes zoster.[news-medical.net]
Neck Stiffness
  • Clinical examination revealed neck stiffness and positive Kernig and Brudzinski signs. The remaining examination was noncontributory.[journals.lww.com]
  • As the inflammation worsens, headache and neck stiffness develop. Some people do not experience any symptoms. Symptoms in babies: High fever Irritability Sleepiness Poor appetite Bulge on the soft spot on the head ( fontanel ) Stiff neck or body.[innerbody.com]
  • stiffness A purple-red splotchy rash The symptoms of meningitis may surface several days after your child has had a cold and runny nose, or diarrhea and vomiting.[stanfordchildrens.org]
  • It is recommended that people with enterovirus infections seek medical attention if they start to experience pain in the chest or abdomen, a sore throat that does not improve, difficulty in breathing, severe headaches, neck stiffness, or vomiting.[humanillnesses.com]
Frontal Headache
  • A twenty-two-year-old woman was admitted to the hospital in Honolulu, Hawaii, at term with chills, fever and severe frontal headache. Nasal congestion and a nonproductive cough had. ..[nejm.org]


  • Polymerase chain reaction is a rapid and sensitive diagnostic test for the identification of enteroviruses in cerebrospinal fluid, blood, urine, and throat specimens and should be performed as part of the general workup in the evaluation of a febrile[nursingcenter.com]


  • This edition adds new general treatment categories, including plasmaphoresis, corticosteroid treatment, and IV IgG. A CD-ROM containing the complete previous edition enables you to access additional opinions.[books.google.de]
  • Treatment with ceftriaxone 100 mg/kg once a day was initiated.[journals.lww.com]
  • In addition, treatment with pleconaril may have affected the severity of the encephalitis.[nursingcenter.com]
  • Reaferon used in complex treatment was established to be the most effective. The drug considerably shortened period of fever and drove away main clinical symptoms.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]


  • This article reviews the pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, and differential diagnoses of enteroviral infections, specifically focusing on the prevention, treatment, and prognosis of the disease and the implications for clinical practice.[nursingcenter.com]
  • Prognosi of Aseptics Meningitis. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, Vol. 12, Issue. 5, p. 680. CrossRef Google Scholar Santhanam, S. and Choudhury, D. S. 1985. Coxsackie A-9 in the etiology of poliomyelitis-like diseases.[cambridge.org]
  • The prognosis of HFMD is excellent, with the vast majority resolving spontaneously in 5-10 days.[patient.info]
  • Cat-scratch disease PROGNOSIS : Full recovery with no sequelae THERAPY : Bed rest, analgesic drugs, repletion and conservation of fluids and electrolytes.[atsu.edu]


  • When difficulties arise, it is pertinent to consider a viral etiology for the underlying illness and obtain a detailed maternal and infant history focusing on clinical symptoms, seasonality, geographic location, exposure, and incubation period.[nursingcenter.com]
  • ., Jr The etiology of epidemic pleurodynia: a study of two viruses isolated from a typical outbreak. J Immunol. 1950 Sep; 65 (3):337–346. [ PubMed ] [ Google Scholar ] McLEAN DM, WALKER SJ, BAIN HW.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • In 183 short chapters, the book provides the essentials clinicians need on symptoms/signs, diagnostic tests, and neurologic disorders of all etiologies. For this edition, Timothy A.[books.google.de]
  • […] of myocarditis in infants, thought to be due to Coxsackie virus, were described from Southern Rhodesia 1 and Transvaal. 2 More recently, they have been reported in Holland 3 and the United States. 4 There was doubt that Coxsackie virus could be the etiologic[nejm.org]
  • Statistical evidence was obtained to a certain degree of the etiological connection between Coxsackie virus and aseptic meningitis, especially concerning the connection of aseptic meningitis with Coxsackie virus subgroup B (5.8 per cent of children and[link.springer.com]


  • Weekly Epidemiological Record Relevé épidémiologique hebdomadaire, 71 (‎34)‎, 258.[apps.who.int]
  • EPIDEMIOLOGICAL AND VIROLOGICAL STUDIES OF ECHOVIRUS TYPE 4 MENINGITIS IN JAPAN, 1964. Japanese Journal of Medical Science and Biology, Vol. 21, Issue. 1, p. 11.[cambridge.org]
  • However, because of the limit data of Chinese CVA9 strains available, it was very difficult to clarify the molecular epidemiology of CVA9 in China.[virologyj.biomedcentral.com]
  • Outbreak of aseptic meningitis caused by Coxsackie B5 virus; laboratory, clinical, and epidemiologic study. J Am Med Assoc. 1957 Aug 31; 164 (18):2015–2019. [ PubMed ] [ Google Scholar ] RHODES AJ, BEALE A.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Sex distribution
Age distribution


  • This book puts major emphasis on treatment, with diagnosis, epidemiology, and pathophysiology discussed only when they affect treatment strategies and decisions. Inclusive coverage allows you to treat the gamut of neurologic diseases effectively.[books.google.de]
  • Occurs in both outbreak and sporadic forms Etiology and Pathophysiology In immunocompetent hosts, VM is generally caused by a systemic viral infection with neurotropic predilection.[unboundmedicine.com]
  • Pathophysiological Characteristics In most of case epidemic hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD) viral infections are caused by coxsackievirus A16, A6, or enterovirus 71.[juniperpublishers.com]
  • J Med Virol 87:1471–1479 View Article Google Scholar Jain S, Patel B, Bhatt GC (2014) Enteroviral encephalitis in children: clinical features, pathophysiology, and treatment advances.[springerplus.springeropen.com]


  • This article reviews the pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, and differential diagnoses of enteroviral infections, specifically focusing on the prevention, treatment, and prognosis of the disease and the implications for clinical practice.[nursingcenter.com]
  • Special attention is given to the prevention and treatment of these diseases found in developing countries as well as the latest findings about new antimicrobial agents, gram-negative infections and their management, and recommendations for immunization[books.google.com]
  • Authors’ Affiliations (1) National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 27 Nanwei Road, Beijing, 100050, PR China (2) Gansu Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 12 Donggangxi Road[virologyj.biomedcentral.com]

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