Edit concept Question Editor Create issue ticket

Crack Ingestion

Cocaine Crack


Presentation

  • Despite the seemingly rare and random nature that this scenario presents, this patient's care serves to reinforce what should be done to successfully manage a patient with an ingested foreign body, as well as the important issues related to crack cocaine[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • A case of an unusual presentation of thoracic aortic dissection following crack cocaine ingestion is reported.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The imaging findings of a crack cocaine "body stuffer" are presented along with findings from in vitro experimentation with crack cocaine.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • A 34-year-old female presented 7 h after drinking beer and smoking crack. She was concerned that she might have inhaled the "screen" from her crack pipe, a piece of Brillo pad the size of her fingertip.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Fever
  • Low-grade fever. Being excessively talkative. Being easily startled or nervous.[projectknow.com]
  • The most common signs and symptoms of crack overdose include: agitation cold sweats coma confusion coughing that produces black mucus excessive tremors fainting fever hallucinations insomnia itching narrowed pupils problems breathing seizures severe headache[drug.addictionblog.org]
  • The support the team has received from family and friends and the wider Irish diaspora in London has been well documented and with RTÉ again carrying live TV coverage, as well as live commentary on Radio 1, hockey fever has truly gripped the country over[the42.ie]
  • Her vital signs revealed tachycardia and tachypnea without fever (her heart rate was 148 beats per minute, her respiratory rate, 60 breaths per minute and temperature 36 C).[jmedicalcasereports.biomedcentral.com]
Prostitute
  • Behind the Eight Ball: Sex for Crack Cocaine Exchange and Poor Black Women places crack addiction, crack-related prostitution and its consequences, STDs, HIV, and pregnancy into the context of the larger social issues of inner-city poverty, race, gender[books.google.com]
  • Women may turn to prostitution and men may turn to theft. Immediate Physical Signs The person will have dilated pupils and a dry mouth. They may sweat and there will be little appetite. They will probably be restless and talkative.[narconon.org]
Foreign Body Aspiration
  • While crack pipe screen aspiration is a rarely reported event, physicians should be aware of the potential for foreign body aspiration and ingestion by this mechanism.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • While crack pipe screen aspiration is a rarely reported event, physicians should be aware of the potential for foreign body aspiration and ingestion by this mechanism. Journal of Emergency Medicine Elsevier[deepdyve.com]
Coronary Artery Disease
  • Many factors play into the equation: amount and purity; weight of the suspect; preexisting coronary artery disease, etc. Brighty - I'm with you - where's the doctor? I have been trying to post that very question for almost 3 weeks.[medhelp.org]
Cough
  • Signs of crack use include: Secretive behavior Unexplained spending of cash Weight loss Burns on the hands or mouth, cracked or blistered lips Breathing problems, coughing up black phlegm, tuberculosis Track marks Lack of interest in previously pleasurable[healthyplace.com]
  • Breathing and respiratory problems, including damage to lungs, extreme coughing, and shortness of breath. Over time, long-term effects can include kidney, liver and heart damage. Becoming addicted to either form of cocaine is a serious dependency.[palmerlakerecovery.com]
  • Coughing up dark phlegm. Incoherent or disorganized speech. Poor oral hygiene (sudden weakness in the teeth, broken teeth). Extreme weight loss; loss of appetite. Periods of very high energy.[projectknow.com]
  • The most common signs and symptoms of crack overdose include: agitation cold sweats coma confusion coughing that produces black mucus excessive tremors fainting fever hallucinations insomnia itching narrowed pupils problems breathing seizures severe headache[drug.addictionblog.org]
Stridor
  • There were no visible oropharyngeal burns and the lungs were clear to auscultation, but she had intermittent inspiratory stridor. The O2 saturation was 96%, and the ethanol concentration was 100 mg/dl.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • There were no visible oropharyngeal burns and the lungs were clear to auscultation, but she had intermittent inspiratory stridor. The O 2 saturation was 96%, and the ethanol concentration was 100 mg/dl.[deepdyve.com]
Inspiratory Stridor
  • There were no visible oropharyngeal burns and the lungs were clear to auscultation, but she had intermittent inspiratory stridor. The O2 saturation was 96%, and the ethanol concentration was 100 mg/dl.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • There were no visible oropharyngeal burns and the lungs were clear to auscultation, but she had intermittent inspiratory stridor. The O 2 saturation was 96%, and the ethanol concentration was 100 mg/dl.[deepdyve.com]
Tachypnea
  • Her vital signs revealed tachycardia and tachypnea without fever (her heart rate was 148 beats per minute, her respiratory rate, 60 breaths per minute and temperature 36 C).[jmedicalcasereports.biomedcentral.com]
Loss of Appetite
  • Psychological effects may include euphoria, excitation, general arousal, dizziness, increased alertness and focus, mental clarity, increased talkativeness, loss of appetite, among others.[hiredpower.com]
  • […] of appetite Vertigo Muscle twitches Anxious, irritable or aggressive Severe mental distress including paranoia and psychosis After use of crack cocaine the user experiences what is known as a "crash."[healthyplace.com]
  • Some immediate side effects of crack abuse include: Irritability Aggression Restlessness Anxiety Nervousness or paranoia Heightened alertness Increased heart rate and blood pressure Seizures Pressured speech Dilated eyes Loss of appetite Disturbed sleep[addictioncenter.com]
  • Extreme weight loss; loss of appetite. Periods of very high energy. Prolonged periods of sleeplessness followed by periods of depression and apathy. Physical shaking. Bloodshot eyes or dilated pupils. Sweating. Low-grade fever.[projectknow.com]
Chest Pain
  • The Pennsylvania Attorney General reports that some of the common physical issues seen among those who have used crack for a long period of time include: Ulceration of the mucus membranes in the nose and throat Respiratory problems Chest pains Internal[luxury.rehabs.com]
  • Chest pains. Heaviness of the chest. Nausea. Vomiting. Diarrhea. Hyperactivity. Confusion. Disorientation. Hallucinations. Paranoid delusions. Additional symptoms associated with a crack cocaine overdose include: 1,4 Shaking or trembling.[projectknow.com]
  • pain Journal articles Afonso L.[lifeinthefastlane.com]
  • Nitroglycerin is an important intervention for treatment of angina and chest pain from possible MI. Observe cocaine-induced chest pain; follow up based on patient’s signs and symptoms.[calsprogram.org]
Hypertension
  • Signs of intoxication were hypertension, tachycardia, hyperthermia, agitation, and generalized seizure activity. Treatment included therapeutic sedation with lorazepam and adrenolysis with esmolol infusion.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Hypertension The use of beta blockers, including labetalol, should be avoided in the treatment of cocaine-related cardiovascular complications due to the potential of creating unopposed alpha-adrenergic stimulation resulting in worsening hypertension,[calsprogram.org]
  • , seizures, intracerebral haemorrhage or aortic dissection Hypertension and tachycardia IV benzodiazepines if agitated if refractory to sedation: Phentolamine 1 mg IV q5min titrated SNP or GTN infusion Avoid beta-blockers SVT IV benzodiazepines if agitated[lifeinthefastlane.com]
  • Hypertension. Seizures. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, cocaine should not be used by breastfeeding mothers.[drugabuse.com]
  • […] poisoning include: feeling agitated tremor (shaking) uncontrolled movement of the eyes (nystagmus) severe muscle tension Beta-blockers Beta-blockers are used to treat a number of conditions that affect the heart or blood, such as high blood pressure (hypertension[nhs.uk]
Tachycardia
  • Signs of intoxication were hypertension, tachycardia, hyperthermia, agitation, and generalized seizure activity. Treatment included therapeutic sedation with lorazepam and adrenolysis with esmolol infusion.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] onset duration of effect 1 hour, but may persist for hours Neurological Euphoria Anxiety, dysphoria, agitation and aggression Paranoid psychosis with visual and tactile hallucination Hyperthermia, rigidity and myoclonic movements Seizures Cardiovascular Tachycardia[lifeinthefastlane.com]
  • Her vital signs revealed tachycardia and tachypnea without fever (her heart rate was 148 beats per minute, her respiratory rate, 60 breaths per minute and temperature 36 C).[jmedicalcasereports.biomedcentral.com]
Blurred Vision
  • The physical effects of ice can include: SHORT TERM Headaches and dizziness Dilated (enlarged) pupils and blurred vision Dry mouth Jaw clenching, teeth grinding Insomnia Increased attention, alertness and talkativeness Trembling Sweaty, cold and clammy[cracksintheice.org.au]
  • vision mental confusion seizures (fits) loss of consciousness coma , in severe cases Signs of a medication or drug overdose Medication overdoses are the most common type of poisoning in the UK.[nhs.uk]
Foreign Body Sensation
  • She complained of "burning" in her throat, a foreign body sensation, and change in her voice, but no dyspnea, dysphagia, or abdominal pain.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • She complained of “burning” in her throat, a foreign body sensation, and change in her voice, but no dyspnea, dysphagia, or abdominal pain.[deepdyve.com]
Lacrimation
  • Chapter First Online: 22 January 2015 Abstract In small quantities, cocaine has been used for local anesthesia, predominantly used for nasal and lacrimal duct surgery.[link.springer.com]
Delusion
  • People who use crack cocaine may initially feel exhilarated and alert, but this can quickly be replaced by feelings of anxiety, depression and even delusions.[addiction.lovetoknow.com]
  • Taking a higher dose could lead to confused and disoriented behavior, antisocial behavior, delusions, hallucinations, irritability, fear, paranoia, and even aggressiveness.[hiredpower.com]
  • Unexplained spending of cash Weight loss Burns on the hands or mouth, cracked or blistered lips Breathing problems, coughing up black phlegm, tuberculosis Track marks Lack of interest in previously pleasurable activities Legal problems Hyper-alert behavior Delusions[healthyplace.com]
  • Paranoid delusions. Additional symptoms associated with a crack cocaine overdose include: 1,4 Shaking or trembling. Irritability or agitation. Extreme anxiousness. Difficulty urinating. Seizures or convulsions. Unconsciousness. Heart attack. Stroke.[projectknow.com]
Aggressive Behavior
  • The Pennsylvania Attorney General says that some mental and emotional effects of using the drug include: Irritability Intense anxiety Restlessness Aggressive behavior Paranoia When the drug wears off or the user attempts to stop smoking crack for good[luxury.rehabs.com]
  • Other signs of crack abuse to look for include: Frequent disappearances (to get high) Dilated pupils Aggressive behavior Restlessness Increased breathing rate Uncharacteristic irresponsibility Burns on fingers Cracked or blistered lips from smoking out[addictioncenter.com]
  • These rebound signs of crack use can cause users to become agitated, withdrawn, or excessively sleepy and lead to severe depression, and suicidal, harmful, or aggressive behaviors. 5. Paranoia A common sign of crack use isparanoia.[addictions.com]
Manic Behavior
  • When your teen is actively under the influence of cocaine, you may notice symptoms that include: Talkativeness Excessive amounts of energy Manic behavior Development of grandiose, unattainable plans Lack of appetite When the drug begins to wear off, you[newportacademy.com]
Seizure
  • Signs of intoxication were hypertension, tachycardia, hyperthermia, agitation, and generalized seizure activity. Treatment included therapeutic sedation with lorazepam and adrenolysis with esmolol infusion.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Seizures or convulsions. Unconsciousness. Heart attack. Stroke.[projectknow.com]
  • Cocaine-related deaths are often a result of cardiac arrest or seizures followed by respiratory arrest.[recoverythroughsupport.com]
  • General reports that some of the common physical issues seen among those who have used crack for a long period of time include: Ulceration of the mucus membranes in the nose and throat Respiratory problems Chest pains Internal bleeding Cardiac arrest Seizures[luxury.rehabs.com]
Irritability
  • First-wave physical effects may include anxiety, elevated heart rate, and blood pressure, increased body temperature, irritability, dilated pupils, and restlessness.[hiredpower.com]
  • After use of crack cocaine, crack cocaine symptoms include the following: 2 Crack cocaine craving Depression Agitation, anxiety, anger, irritability Fatigue, lack of motivation Nausea, vomiting Shaking, muscle pain Disturbed sleep Crack Cocaine Use: Signs[healthyplace.com]
  • These symptoms can include depression, irritability, extreme fatigue, anxiety, an intense craving for the drug, and sometimes even psychosis. Users will often keep using crack cocaine simply to avoid the negative effects of withdrawal.[cesar.umd.edu]
  • Some immediate side effects of crack abuse include: Irritability Aggression Restlessness Anxiety Nervousness or paranoia Heightened alertness Increased heart rate and blood pressure Seizures Pressured speech Dilated eyes Loss of appetite Disturbed sleep[addictioncenter.com]
Agitation
  • Signs of intoxication were hypertension, tachycardia, hyperthermia, agitation, and generalized seizure activity. Treatment included therapeutic sedation with lorazepam and adrenolysis with esmolol infusion.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Irritability or agitation. Extreme anxiousness. Difficulty urinating. Seizures or convulsions. Unconsciousness. Heart attack. Stroke.[projectknow.com]
  • Second-wave effects may include agitation, depression, dysphoria, drug cravings, general central nervous system depression, fatigue, insomnia, and nervousness.[hiredpower.com]
Stroke
  • Neurovascular complications of cocaine use at a tertiary stroke center. J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 2010;19(4):273–8. CrossRef PubMed Google Scholar Wu V, Huang J, Lien H, et al.[link.springer.com]
  • […] heart rate and blood pressure Seizures Pressured speech Dilated eyes Loss of appetite Disturbed sleep patterns Contracted blood vessels Increased body temperature Hyperexcitability Nausea Intense euphoria Intense cravings to use more Bizarre behavior Stroke[addictioncenter.com]
  • At any time, this change can result in a heart attack, stroke or cardiac arrest.[narconon.org]
Confusion
  • There may be hallucinations and confusion. The person may think there are bugs crawling on his skin. They may pick and scratch at their skin. They will probably have trouble concentrating.[narconon.org]
  • Taking a higher dose could lead to confused and disoriented behavior, antisocial behavior, delusions, hallucinations, irritability, fear, paranoia, and even aggressiveness.[hiredpower.com]
  • […] long-term crack abuse include: Depression Permanent damage to blood vessels High blood pressure Liver damage Lung damage Infectious diseases Abscesses Malnutrition Severe tooth decay Sexual dysfunction Reproductive damage and infertility Disorientation and confusion[addictioncenter.com]

Treatment

  • Treating Yourself When you choose to clean up your life and become a former addict, a treatment center such as Meridian Treatment Solutions can help and will probably be one of your most valuable assets on your road to recovery.[meridiantreatment.com]
  • Medical Complications of Drug Use 840 Acute and Chronic Pain 863 Substance Use Disorders in Individuals with CoOccurring Psychiatric Disorders 904 Epidemiology and Emerging Public Health Perspectives 913 HIVRelated Medical Complications and Treatment[books.google.com]
  • Providing the optimal combination of treatment services for each individual is critical to successful treatment outcome.[recoverythroughsupport.com]
  • Treatment included therapeutic sedation with lorazepam and adrenolysis with esmolol infusion.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Are you ready to find the drug addiction treatment program that can give you all of that? Contact us at the phone number listed here and speak to an addiction treatment expert who can guide you to the best program for your needs.[luxury.rehabs.com]

Epidemiology

  • Medical Complications of Drug Use 840 Acute and Chronic Pain 863 Substance Use Disorders in Individuals with CoOccurring Psychiatric Disorders 904 Epidemiology and Emerging Public Health Perspectives 913 HIVRelated Medical Complications and Treatment[books.google.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • CNS complications of cocaine abuse: prevalance, pathophysiology, and neuroradiology. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1992;159:137–47. CrossRef PubMed Google Scholar Buchanan JA, Heard K, Burbach C, et al.[link.springer.com]

Prevention

  • […] and Treatment of Addiction Among African Americans 1250 The Public Health Approach to the Prevention of Substance Abuse 1255 Medical Education in Substance Abuse The Acquisition of Knowledge Attitudes and Skills 1269 Education and Training of Clinical[books.google.com]
  • Larger warning labels and further public education might help prevent many cases of pediatric caustic ingestion.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • If you or a family member is experiencing a mental health or an alcohol or other drug-related emergency, seek immediate assistance by calling the24-hour Suicide Prevention, Mental Health Crisis, Information and Referral Hotline: (216) 623-6888 or the[adamhscc.org]
  • Though multiple medications have been tried, none have proved effective in treating cocaine abuse in randomized controlled trials Cocaine vaccine is currently being investigated as a tool to prevent relapse among prior cocaine users.[amjmed.org]

Ask Question

5000 Characters left Format the text using: # Heading, **bold**, _italic_. HTML code is not allowed.
By publishing this question you agree to the TOS and Privacy policy.
• Use a precise title for your question.
• Ask a specific question and provide age, sex, symptoms, type and duration of treatment.
• Respect your own and other people's privacy, never post full names or contact information.
• Inappropriate questions will be deleted.
• In urgent cases contact a physician, visit a hospital or call an emergency service!