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Cranial Meningocele


Presentation

  • Joubert syndrome was first reported in 1969 as a rare, recessive autosomal syndrome associated with neuropathological abnormalities of the cerebellum and brain stem, partial or complete aplasia of the cerebellar vermis, and presenting with episodic hyperpnea[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Occipital encephaloceles present as masses overlying the occiput or posterior neck.[dermatologyadvisor.com]
  • Prepare for the USMLE Step 1 with clinical case presentations, highlighted in special boxes, that demonstrate how embryology concepts relate to clinical practice.[books.google.de]
  • Each entry follows a 5 section structure that will cover (1) essential features of the disorder (2) physiological basis of the disorder (3) neuropsychological and other clinical presentation (4) assessment and diagnostic practices (5) evidence-based treatments[books.google.de]
  • An 8-page color insert presents over 40 photos that visually demonstrate key assessment findings for ear, skin, and other conditions. NEW![books.google.de]
Recurrent Inflammation
  • Normal anatomy can be distorted by growth of the lesion as well as recurrent inflammation. Preoperative imaging should include CT or MRI of the head to delineate the anatomy of the lesion.[dermatologyadvisor.com]
Arachnodactyly
  • It accompanies to disease due to genetic factors such as collagen tissue disorders, Marphan Syndrome, Ehlers- Danlos Syndrome, polycystic kidney, arachnodactyly, joint hypermobility and degenerative diseases.[omicsonline.org]
Galactorrhea
  • Cases with subdural cerebellar hemorrhage, quadriplegic, galactorrhea are reported. History, Magnetic Resonance Image (MRI), LP, myelography, radionucleocysternography are important for diagnosis.[omicsonline.org]
Pathologist
  • Springer Science & Business Media, 09.03.2013 - 241 Seiten This book is designed primarily for anatomic pathologists to facilitate their task of accurately diagnosing embryos and fetuses.[books.google.de]
Hyperpnea
  • Joubert syndrome was first reported in 1969 as a rare, recessive autosomal syndrome associated with neuropathological abnormalities of the cerebellum and brain stem, partial or complete aplasia of the cerebellar vermis, and presenting with episodic hyperpnea[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Orthostatic Hypotension
  • We considered orthostatic hypotension due to low CSF pressure and planned to perform lumbar punction (LP). As we opened the lumbar region of the patient to perform the LP, we saw the lipoid meningocel ( Figure 1 ).[omicsonline.org]
Abnormal Eye Movement
  • He often cried between spells, and his parents noted some abnormal eye movements at these times as well. Examination The pediatric neurologist reviewed videotape of the spells and examined the infant.[what-when-how.com]
Lacrimation
  • Careful preoperative planning is encouraged, as is the intraoperative use of a lacrimal probe, blunt dissection, and the operating microscope.) Richieri-Costa, A, Guion-Almeida, ML.[dermatologyadvisor.com]

Workup

  • Isolated coccygeal dimples do not require further workup or treatment. FIGURE 9 Benign coccygeal dimple within the gluteal cleft and overlying the tip of the coccyx.[pediatrics.aappublications.org]
  • The workup for a Chiari I malformation should include a brain MRI to rule out a secondary Chiari I malformation and a complete spine MRI to rule out syrinx and tethered cord. Tx: Posterior fossa decompression and duraplasty.[sites.google.com]

Treatment

  • […] disorders across the lifespan (pediatric, adult, and geriatric populations) Includes interventions and methods of treatment for the outcomes patients may experience[books.google.de]
  • Make informed clinical choices for each patient, from diagnosis and treatment selection through post-treatment strategies and management of complications, with new evidence-based criteria throughout.[books.google.com]
  • Surgical treatment of cranial meningocele in Iranian calves Statistics from Altmetric.com Request Permissions If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink[veterinaryrecord.bmj.com]
  • Treatment Options Medical Options (topical, systemic) Other than careful observation, there are no medical treatments to treat meningoceles.[dermatologyadvisor.com]
  • References Franzini A, Messina G, Chiapparini L, Bussone G (2013) Treatment of spontaneous intracranial hypotension: Evolution of the therapeutic and diagnostic modalities. Neurol Sci 34: 151-155.[omicsonline.org]

Prognosis

  • […] may be associated with brain malformations that can have an effect on the prognosis.[chw.org]
  • Treatment and prognosis The prognosis is variable depending on the presence of associated anomalies and presence of microcephaly (carries a much poorer prognosis).[radiopaedia.org]
  • The prognosis is better, especially when they are 5 cm in diameter, do not contain dysplastic or brain tissue, and when they are not associated with hydrocephalus or other anomalies. 8 Our patient, who had presented in adulthood, thus had a better prognosis[appliedradiology.com]
  • Prognosis Prognosis is favorable for life with surgical treatment. However, according to foreign statistics, mortality from secondary complications can reach 10 % even with perfect surgical treatment.[iliveok.com]
  • The prognosis is dependent upon the presence and amount of herniated brain, the presence of hydrocephalus, the presence of microcephaly and associated abnormalities. In the presence of brain herniation the mortality is 44%.[fetalsono.com]

Etiology

  • With easy-to-read, in-depth descriptions of disease, disease etiology, and disease processes, Pathophysiology: The Biologic Basis for Disease in Adults and Children, 7th Edition helps you understand the most important and the most complex pathophysiology[books.google.com]
  • Etiology Pathophysiology The key underlying event in the development of meningoceles, encephaloceles and gliomas is faulty closure of the anterior neuropore.[dermatologyadvisor.com]
  • Etiology Subtypes and variants Diagnostics Prenatal screening Elevated levels of alpha-fetoprotein ( AFP ) in amniotic fluid at 13–15 weeks' gestation Fetal ultrasonography at 20 weeks' gestation CT scans and cranial ultrasonography (in infants ) to monitor[amboss.com]
  • The child with a cephalocele: etiology, neuroimaging, and outcome. Childs Nerv Syst 1996; 12 (9) 540-550 2 Lumenta CB, Di Rocco C, Haase J, Mooij JJA. European Manual of Medicine–Neurosurgery.[thieme-connect.com]
  • The etiology is controversial.[fetalsono.com]

Epidemiology

  • EXTENSIVELY Updated content reflects advances in pathophysiology including tumor biology invasion and metastases, the epidemiology of cancer, diabetes mellitus, insulin resistance, thyroid and adrenal gland disorders, female reproductive disorders including[books.google.com]
  • Definition Epidemiology References: [1] [2] Epidemiological data refers to the US, unless otherwise specified.[amboss.com]
  • (Caput succedaneum) Introduction Clinical definition an impairment in the function or structure of the neonates body secondary to an adverse birth event Epidemiology incidence approximately 2% location soft tissue extracranially intracranially fractures[medbullets.com]
  • Epidemiological studies have demonstrated multifactorial influences underlying NTDs. Variations in incidence have been seen across geographical variation, ethnic groups, socioeconomic status, and genetic predisposition.[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • Epidemiology [ 2 ] Incidence has declined significantly in a period of 30 years and now occurs in approximately 0.8/1,000 total births. Anencephaly and spina bifida account for up to 95% of all NTDs with equal prevalence.[patient.info]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • With easy-to-read, in-depth descriptions of disease, disease etiology, and disease processes, Pathophysiology: The Biologic Basis for Disease in Adults and Children, 7th Edition helps you understand the most important and the most complex pathophysiology[books.google.com]
  • […] position forceps or vacuum assisted device prognosis infant mortality secondary to birth trauma has significantly decreased Cranial Injuries Caput succedaneum clinical definition edematous scalp swelling above the periosteum that crosses the suture lines pathophysiology[medbullets.com]
  • Yoursry I, Förderreuther S, Moriggl B,Holtmannspötter M, Naidich TP, et al. (2001) Cervical MR Imaging in postural headache: MR sings and pathophysiological implications. AJNR 22:1239-1250.[omicsonline.org]
  • Etiology Pathophysiology The key underlying event in the development of meningoceles, encephaloceles and gliomas is faulty closure of the anterior neuropore.[dermatologyadvisor.com]
  • Normal Embryology and the Pathophysiology of Spinal Cord Tethering Dysraphic CNS malformations arise during the second, third, and fourth weeks of human embryogenesis, generally referred to as the period of neurulation.[pediatrics.aappublications.org]

Prevention

  • Prevention of neural tube defects: results of the Medical Research Council Vitamin Study. ‎ 332 ページ - Crane JP, LeFevre ML, Winborn RC, et al.[books.google.com]
  • Prevention of the first occurrence of neural-tube defects by periconceptional vitamin supplementation. ‏[books.google.com]
  • Covering the full spectrum of health conditions seen in the primary care of children, Pediatric Primary Care, 5th Edition emphasizes both prevention and management from the unique perspective of the Nurse Practitioner.[books.google.de]
  • Prevention Periconceptional folate supplementation has a strong protective effect against NTDs. [ 11 ] Supplementation must begin before conception for it to be effective. [ 12 ] To prevent a first occurrence, women who are planning to become pregnant[patient.info]

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