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Crossed Polysyndactyly



  • Congenital A condition present at birth. Digit A finger or a toe.[the-medical-dictionary.com]
  • We review and expand the present classification of polydactyly and syndactyly syndromes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Crossed polydactyly was present only in 45 cases and most common among them was Type I. family history was positive in 12 cases, one patient had consanguineous parents. This highlights the rarity of this presentation.[jpgmonline.com]
  • We report a one and half year old male child who presented with classic clinical features and family history diagnostic of the above syndrome.[biomedsearch.com]
  • The clini- cal picture clearly distinguishes the present case from the holoprosencephalylpolydactyly syndrome [Grote et al., 19841.[documentslide.com]
Chronic Cough
  • Your recognised location is United States (US) More: Guidance Chronic cough in a child Source: Finnish Medical Society Duodecim This article is freely available only to users in the UK.[evidence.nhs.uk]
  • Dear Reader, We are very excited about New Features in JOCR. Please do let us know what you think by Clicking on the Sliding “Feedback Form” button on the[jocr.co.in]
Cesarean Section
  • Delivery was by cesarean section. Apgar scores were 8 and 9 at 1 and 5 minutes, respectively. Birthweight was 2,750 g ( 25th centile), length 44 cm ( 3rd centile), and OFC 35 cm (75th centile). Craniofacial and limb anomalies were noticed at birth.[documentslide.com]
Urinary Incontinence
  • Your recognised location is United States (US) More: Guidance Urinary incontinence in women Source: Finnish Medical Society Duodecim This article is freely available only to users in the UK.[evidence.nhs.uk]


  • Sanchis A, Cerveró L, Martinez A, Valverde C (1985): Duplication of hands and feet, multiple joints dislocations, absence of Corpus cal- losum and hypsarrhythmia: Amcallosal syndrome? Am J Med Genet 20:123-130.[documentslide.com]


  • Your recognised location is United States (US) More: Guidance Treatment of dyslipidaemias Source: Finnish Medical Society Duodecim This article is freely available only to users in the UK.[evidence.nhs.uk]
  • Treatment Polydactyly can be corrected by surgical removal of the extra digit or partial digit. Syndactyly can also be corrected surgically, usually with the addition of a skin graft from the groin.[the-medical-dictionary.com]
  • Treatment: If circulation to the digit is good and the digit works normally, treatment is not needed. If treatment is needed, surgery is done to release the band.[fairview.org]
  • INTERVENTION/TREATMENT The individual to tactics for decreasing ICP depends on the underlying cause.[sarcomacancer.org]
  • Foucher G, Navarro R, Medina J et al : Metacarpal synostosis: a simple classification and new treatment technique. Plast Reconstr Surg 2001; 108 : 1225–1234. 30. Lueken KG : Über eine Familie mit Syndaktylie.[nature.com]


  • Prognosis The prognosis for isolated polydactyly and syndactyly is excellent. When polydactyly or syndactyly are part of a larger condition, the prognosis depends on the condition.[the-medical-dictionary.com]
  • An autosomal dominant pattern of transmission is also associated with a favorable prognosis.[roentgenrayreader.blogspot.com]


  • Whereas the underlying genes/mutations for types II-1, III, IV, V, and VII have been worked out, the etiology and molecular basis of the other syndactyly types remain unknown.[nature.com]
  • However, only a few genetic factors have been discovered which have a potential role in the etiology of polydactyly.[myslide.es]
  • Current theories focus on mutations in specific genetic locations that cause limb development to go awry. [2] Many specific mutations have been linked to polydactyly; however, a molecular etiology has not been found in a third of human disorders associated[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • Essentially, we acquire tried to bring up a text that translates molecular-based matter on etiology and anticipation into a clinical recipe instead of the banning of hardened plague.[waittfoundation.org]


  • An epidemiological analysis in a birth sample of over 4 million aggregates from two comparable birth series, was carried at by Castilla et al[7],[8] in accordance with a joint Latin American and Spanish study.[jpgmonline.com]
  • Epidemiology Frequency United States Despite being a common malformation, the true incidence of polydactyly is not fully known. The epidemiologic data on polydactyly is limited because most birth defect registries do not include the entity.[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • Clinical and genetic epidemiology of Bardet-Biedl syndrome in Newfoundland: a 22-year prospective, population-based, cohort study. Am J Med Genet A. 2005;132:352-60. Karmous-Benailly H, Martinovic J, Gubler MC, et al.[rarediseases.org]
  • For instance, a distorted sex ratio in certain syndactylies is very puzzling. 16 Large epidemiological surveys in various populations would be helpful in the evaluation of sex distortion and revisiting the prevalence estimates of various syndactyly types[nature.com]
  • This does not form dated the chance that high-dose supplements sway about a adequate con- centration in vivo to suffer with antioxidant properties but does obtain it inconceivable that the epidemiological associations between dietary consumption of phenolics[cardinalpub.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution


  • Bardet-Biedl syndrome: Genetics, molecular pathophysiology, and disease management. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2016;64(9): 620-627. Hufnagel RB, Arno G, Hein ND, et al.[rarediseases.org]
  • Pathophysiology Early theories for polydactyly concerned disorders in the programmed cell death cycle of fetal limb development.[emedicine.medscape.com]


  • Prevention There is no known prevention for these conditions. Key Terms Autosomal chromosome One of the non-X or non-Y chromosomes. Congenital A condition present at birth. Digit A finger or a toe.[the-medical-dictionary.com]
  • Screening and prevention of colorectal cancer Source: Finnish Medical Society Duodecim This article is freely available only to users in the UK.[evidence.nhs.uk]
  • This helps prevent problems with the foot later on. Treatment may include: Toe spacers between the toes to hold them apart, or taping toes to hold them apart. Splinting of the toes to straighten them or hold them apart.[fairview.org]
  • The purpose of repair surgery is to improve the appearance of the hand or foot and to prevent progressive deformity from developing as the child grows.[surgeryencyclopedia.com]
  • I’m feeling pretty worried and anxious, but right now everything we’ll be doing is just a preventative measure. We covet your prayers – so please, send them heavenward![thatmamagretchen.com]

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