The condition of cystitis presents itself with the following signs and symptoms:
Prior to conducting tests, the signs and symptoms of the disease would be carefully studied. In addition, the following diagnostic tests are also required:
Cystitis which occurs as a result of bacterial infections, is successfully treated with antibiotic regime. The patient shows signs of recovery within a day of antibiotic treatment. The length of antibiotic treatment would gravely depend on the severity of symptoms and also on whether it is a case of recurrent infections.
If drugs or exposure to radiation are the cause of cystitis, then medications to relieve the pain due to inflammation of the bladder and hydration would be employed to flush out the bladder contents. Certain medications that trigger episodes of cystitis are avoided in order to keep the condition under control and prevent its recurrence in future .
Prognosis of the condition depends on the underlying diseases and the duration of illness. Women continue to suffer from symptoms of cystitis even when treatment had been initiated on time. In cases, when there are other conditions such as somatization, urinary frequency and previous cystitis, all affect the severity of the symptoms and duration of symptoms.
Lower urinary tract infection resolves almost spontaneously with effective treatment regime and which prevents the progression of the condition to upper urinary tract infection. In about 25% of cases, affected women would suffer recurrent bouts of cystitis .
Bacterial agents such as Escherichia coli account for 70 – 95% cases of cystitis. Women who are sexually active, are pregnant or are in their menopausal phase are at an increased risk of contracting cystitis . In addition to bacterial infections, various non-infectious factors are also known to play foul in causation of cystitis. These include:
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common phenomenon. It has been estimated that, about 25 – 40% of women aged 20 – 40 years, in the US, suffer from UTI. Cystitis occurs in about 0.3 – 1.3% pregnancies. Cases of acute cystitis in emergency department visits are estimated to be about 7 million per year .
The urinary system comprises of kidneys, bladder, urethra and ureters. All these play a pivotal role in removal of waste materials from the body. Urinary tract infections primarily occur when bacterial agents from outside enter the body through the urinary tract via the urethra causing infections.
Cystitis is a common occurrence in sexually active women who otherwise have a healthy profile. Urine is considered to be a good medium for bacterial growth. Therefore, voiding and frequently emptying the bladder can significantly reduce the incidence of urinary tract infections. The development of urinary tract infections is triggered by 3 mechanisms which include colonization, hematogenous and periurogenital spread .
Infection of the bladder is a very painful condition and pretty uncomfortable for the affected individual. If the condition is not promptly treated, it can turn out to be a potential cause of serious health concerns. The condition of cystitis is more common in women than men. Majority of the women will suffer from cystitis at least once in their lifetime. Anatomically, women have a shorter urethra than men, which makes it easy for the bacteria from the anus to travel to the urethra causing infection .