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Cysts and Fistulae of the Face and Oral Cavity

First Branchial Cleft Cyst


  • The bibliography divided by topic presented at the end of each chapter enables you to pursue supplemental literature.[books.google.com]
  • Morphologically, dermoid and epidermoid cysts present as soft, smooth, compressible swelling. They are usually slow growing under the tongue.[homesteadschools.com]
  • Fig. 2.11 ( a ) Typical presentation of a mucocele. ( b ) Typical presentation of a ranula in the floor of the mouth A special variant of the ranula is the “plunging” ranula, in which the cyst herniates through the mylohyoid muscle, presenting itself[pocketdentistry.com]
  • Apply the most current staging of cancers from College of American Pathologists (TNM) and American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC).[books.google.com]
  • Determining the grade of the tumor Pathologists will typically report on the grade of the tumor. This is a pathologist’s interpretation of how much the cancerous cells resemble normal tissue from that site.[headandneckcancerguide.org]
  • Most anomalies of the branchial apparatus of concern to the surgical pathologist present clinically as a cyst, fistula, sinus or skin tag. Fistulae, sinuses and skin tags occur in younger patients than cysts do [20].[alpfmedical.info]
Recurrent Infection
  • She was noted having a pin hole in left submandibular triangle at birth and was followed by a history of recurrent infection after 4-months old. She was treated with drainage, debridement and antibiotics unsuccessfully.[ci.nii.ac.jp]
  • infections with scarring of the sinus lining. 18 Maxillary sinus disease of dental origin Approximately 10–12% of cases of inflammatory maxillary sinus disease are of dental origin. 19 Most relate to pulpal necrosis and periapical disease, but also advanced[nature.com]
  • Failure to identify and treat these lesions may lead to recurrent infection with a potential for meningitis or cerebral abscess.[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • MALNUTRITION RELATED GINGIVAL DISEASES Nowadays, severe Vitamin-C malnutrition (scurvy) is rather historical.[tankonyvtar.hu]
  • A family history of associated head and neck anomalies is occasionally seen with this condition, but not in this case presentation. [12] Trauma, microorganisms, neoplasms, xerostomia, immunosuppression, and malnutrition usually are the cause of infections[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • ., HIV infection), diabetes mellitus, malnutrition, hematologic disorders such as leukemia, and prolonged use of antibiotics. Clinical Aspects There are several clinical manifestations; these may occur simultaneously in an individual patient.[pocketdentistry.com]
Recurrent Inflammation
  • Aetiology Congenital atresia and/or obliteration of the duct as a result of recurrent inflammation play a role in pathogenesis. Clinical features Almost always a paramedian location or above the mylohyoid muscle in the area of the sublingual plica.[med-college.de]
  • Signs and Symptoms Capsule: Soft swelling Lesion in midline Area of palatine papilla Slow growing Slowly enlarge Expansive mass of palate Aspiration yields viscous fluid Fluctuant Texture - soft Texture - smooth In or near mid-line Fig. 11 - Large median[homesteadschools.com]
  • Aspiration, contrast visualisation procedures, standard X-ray procedures and newer imaging procedures (ultrasound, CT, NMR) are helpful in the diagnosis of soft tissue cysts.[med-college.de]
  • Meconium aspiration. Pulmonary oedema. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Tracheo-oesophageal fistula. Pleural effusion. Obstruction of the upper respiratory tract - for example, in Pierre Robin sequence or choanal atresia.[patient.info]
  • The diagnosis is established by fine needle aspiration with return of milky fluid and biochemical fluid analysis.[appliedradiology.com]
  • Long-term artificial respiration or aspiration among frail elderly patients can lead to respiratory infections, caused by oral pathogens. Relationship between pneumonia, lung abscess, COPD and periodontitis is confirmed by epidemiological studies.[tankonyvtar.hu]
  • Those close to the Foramen Caecum or high in the tongue may cause dysphagia, those at a lower level tend to move upward when swallowing. These cysts have a tendency to develop fistula tracts which drain extra-orally.[homesteadschools.com]
  • The patient usually suffers from pain, dysphagia, and odynophagia. Treatment As spontaneous resolution is usually not anticipated, management of symptomatic disease is usually mandatory.[entokey.com]
  • […] as painless, slowly growing masses in the lateral neck at the thoracic inlet, close to the thoracic duct insertion to the subclavian artery. 77 Patients can, however, present with symptoms including upper respiratory infection, coughing, hoarseness, dysphagia[appliedradiology.com]
  • Symptoms: anaemia, dysphagia, broken, concave fingernails (koilonychia), glossitis and cheilosis. It is more common among women.[tankonyvtar.hu]
  • […] follicle (enlarged) M27.0 Developmental cyst NOS K09.0 Erythema multiforme L51.8 Focal epithelial hyperplasia (Heck’s disease) K13.29 Foreign body granuloma K13.4 Foreign body reaction K13.4 Hematopoietic bone marrow defect M27.9 Hemangioma lip/skin D18.01 Hyperkeratosis[atlantaoralpathology.com]
  • Hyperkeratosis and leukoplakia Wide excision may be difficult in areas such as tongue, lips and commissures, and there is always the possibility of further changes developing in adjacent areas.[ijdr.in]
  • […] giant cell granuloma K13.79 Peripheral ossifying fibroma K13.79 Regional odontodysplasia K00.4 Retention cyst – sinus J34.1 Retrocuspid papilla K13.79 Root fragment/root tip K08.3 Salivary gland defect K11.8 Sclerosing sialadenitis K11.20 Seborrheic keratosis[atlantaoralpathology.com]
  • Symptoms: the hairy surface is caused by the elongation, thickening (hypertrophy) and keratosis of the filiform papillae.[tankonyvtar.hu]
  • K11.8 Sclerosing sialadenitis K11.20 Seborrheic keratosis L82.1 Supernumerary tooth K00.1 Surgical ciliated cyst J34.1 Tortuous labial artery I77.9 Traumatic bone cyst M27.49 Traumatic neuroma- mouth K13.70 Traumatic granuloma (TUGSE) K13.70 Verruciform xanthoma[atlantaoralpathology.com]
  • […] dentigerous cyst K09.0 Inflammatory papillary hyperplasia K13.79 Incisive canal structure K09.1 Lateral periodontal cyst K09.0 Lichenoid keratosis K13.21 Lymphoepithelial cyst L09.8 Lymphoid hyperplasia R59.9 Median rhomboid glossitis K14.2 Melanin incontinence[atlantaoralpathology.com]
Cervical Cyst
  • Harmless, often incidental finding Intraoral counterpart of the lateral cervical cyst. Median cervical cysts (fistulae) Aetiology Median cervical cysts develop from remnants of the thyreoglossal duct.[med-college.de]


  • Her diagnostic workup included physical, ophthalmoscopic, and rhinoscopic examinations, multiple biopsies, bacterial and fungal cultures, and CT scans.[cda-adc.ca]


  • Current concepts of pathogenesis and disease management help you understand the diseases that affect the oral and maxillofacial structures, formulate an accurate diagnosis, and institute proper treatment.[books.google.com]
  • Differential diagnosis Odontogenic cysts Treatment and prognosis Mucocele Extirpation of the cyst with appropriate treatment of the problem tooth (apicectomy, extraction).[med-college.de]
  • Usually, such manifestations of children suffer from neglectful parents, relating to negligent treatment of teeth; Injury to the gums or teeth when you fall or impact; Unscrupulous physician relationship to treatment.[medicalj-center.info]
  • What does platelet rich plasma treatment involve? The dentist will initially assess if your candidate for PRP treatment. Patients with blood clotting disorders will be unable to take advantage of this treatment.[westdeptforddentalexcellence.com]
  • Fig. 2.13 Severe dysplasia or carcinoma in situ Treatment Treatment usually consists of surgical removal.[pocketdentistry.com]


  • Significantly revised and updated content throughout this edition brings you the latest information on the etiology, clinical features, histopathology, treatment, and prognosis of each disease entity, as well as cutting-edge topics such as bisphosphonate[books.google.com]
  • Prognosis is generally good with early intervention and regular supervision.[murtagh.mhmedical.com]
  • The exciting news is that not all tumors offer a bad prognosis, and Dr. Kressin has an intense passion for surgical oncology. Dr.[mypetsdentist.com]
  • Treatment is usually easier and carries a more favorable prognosis with the macro-cystic type. Treatment modalities include sclerotherapy [ 19 ], carbon dioxide laser [ 20 ], and surgical excision (with/without reconstruction).[entokey.com]


  • Significantly revised and updated content throughout this edition brings you the latest information on the etiology, clinical features, histopathology, treatment, and prognosis of each disease entity, as well as cutting-edge topics such as bisphosphonate[books.google.com]
  • The etiology of “symmetrical fibromas” of the palate or the lingual aspect of the mandible near the trigonum region is unknown.[pocketdentistry.com]
  • The etiology of this cyst is also controversial just as the globulomaxillary cyst with some saying this cyst arises from the lower anterior part of the nasolacrimal duct.[homesteadschools.com]
  • Multiple combined treatment modalities are sometimes necessary for the disease control. 5.3 Ulcers of the Oral Cavity 5.3.1 Etiological Classification The most common varieties of oral cavity ulcers are summarized in Table 5.2.[entokey.com]
  • Etiology of this cyst is unknown [1,10,12], although factors such as trauma, infection of the duct, and commonly spontaneous cystic degeneration have been considered as possible factors in the remains of the nasopalatine duct [3,12].[medcraveonline.com]


  • Epidemiology Rather rare event; usually at middle age but may occur in children as well.[pocketdentistry.com]
  • […] cyst: present at root apex Lateral radicular cyst: present at the opening of lateral accessory root canals Residual cyst: remains even after extraction of offending tooth Periapical granuloma: chronic granulomatous inflammation of periapical tissues Epidemiology[pathologyoutlines.com]
  • EPIDEMIOLOGY OF DENTAL CARIES Epidemiology as part of medical sciences deals with pathological changes and epidemic diseases occurring on a large-scale.[tankonyvtar.hu]
Sex distribution
Age distribution


  • Epidemiology Most common odontogenic cyst (52% of jaw cystic lesions) Most common in 4th & 5th decades, but occurs over wide age range Sites 60% in maxilla (vs. mandible) Most commonly in apex of lateral incisors, but also along lateral accessory root canals Pathophysiology[pathologyoutlines.com]
  • CNS complications of cocaine abuse: prevalence, pathophysiology, and neuroradiology. AJR Am J Roentgenol 1992; 159:137-47. 28. Goulet JP, Perusse R, Turcotte JY. Contraindications to vasoconstrictors in dentistry.[cda-adc.ca]
  • […] commonly involve the cisterna chyli, followed by the mediastinum and rarely involve the neck. 87 Cervical thoracic duct lymphoceles are rarely congenital, more commonly arising secondary to thoracic duct injury after neck dissection or trauma. 88 The exact pathophysiologic[appliedradiology.com]


  • To prevent the development of cystic inflammation must resort to preventive measures and regularly monitoring the health of mouth dentist. Prevention Preventive measures never hurt anyone.[medicalj-center.info]
  • Antibiotics can help control or prevent any sinus infections.[en.wikipedia.org]
  • Is chronic lung disease in low birth weight infants preventable? A survey of eight centers. ‎ Página 84 - Tanner JM, Whitehouse RH, Marubini E, Resele LF. The adolescent growth spurt of boys and girls of the Harpenden growth study. ‎[books.google.es]
  • One study showed that complete prevention of this complication is not currently possible. However, preventive dental care reduces this incidence, and nonsurgical dental procedures can prevent new cases.[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • Medications Those medications are going to help the abscess healing process and also prevent the bacterial infection from expanding. Your dental surgeon will give you a prescription for medications and painkillers.[remedyland.com]

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