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Dermatitis

Dermatitides


Presentation

  • CASE: A 22-year-old nulligravid woman presented with symptoms mistaken for Stevens-Johnson syndrome.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The presentation can range from blistering to erythematous papules and vesicles to crusted plaques that resolve with Keflex and topical corticosteroid cream.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Our case raises awareness of the use of Wood lamp and dermoscopy to evaluate for parasitic infections of the pubic hair shafts when nonspecific dermatitis presents in this area.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The pathogenesis of this condition remains unknown and significant variations in the presentation and severity of symptoms complicates its diagnosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The reported varied presentations include lichenoid reactions and bullous pemphigoid, amongst others. We present a severe cutaneous reaction, a case of debilitating erosive lichenoid dermatitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Lymphadenopathy
  • In both forms of TB, lymphadenopathy evolves towards abscess and presents fibrotic scars or calcifications upon healing (6).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Lymphadenopathy
  • In both forms of TB, lymphadenopathy evolves towards abscess and presents fibrotic scars or calcifications upon healing (6).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Sore Mouth
  • Oral exposure may cause sore mouth (tongue) and rash of the lips or angles of the mouth. Am I allergic to Balsam of Peru? Sensitivity to a perfume or cream is usually the first indicator of an allergy to Balsam of Peru.[web.archive.org]
Tachycardia
  • […] local antiseptic compresses, and topical corticosteroid ointments was initiated. 2 days after starting the treatment with vancomycin, Redman syndrome occurred (headache, dyspnea, colicky pains, myalgia, rush, fever (39 C), hypotension (80/40 mmHg), and tachycardia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Eczema
  • […] dermatitis and other eczema due to detergents convert 692.0 to ICD-10-CM 692.1 Contact dermatitis and other eczema due to oils and greases convert 692.1 to ICD-10-CM 692.2 Contact dermatitis and other eczema due to solvents convert 692.2 to ICD-10-CM[icd9data.com]
  • Atopic dermatitis is considered a more severe type of eczema.[nationaleczema.org]
  • A common type of hand eczema, it worsens in warm weather. (ICD-10 L30.1) Discoid eczema (nummular eczema, exudative eczema, microbial eczema) is characterized by round spots of oozing or dry rash, with clear boundaries, often on lower legs.[en.wikipedia.org]
  • The effects of gamolenic acid on adult atopic eczema and premenstrual exacerbation of eczema. Eur J Dermatol. 1994;4 (8):598–603. Google Scholar 67. Senapati S, Banerjee S, Gangopadhyay DN.[doi.org]
  • Eczema and atopic dermatitis (AD) are often used synonymously.[doi.org]
Chronic Dermatitis
  • Chronic dermatitis persists over a period of time.[msdmanuals.com]
  • dermatitis due to solar radiation convert 692.74 to ICD-10-CM 692.75 Disseminated superficial actinic porokeratosis (DSAP) convert 692.75 to ICD-10-CM 692.76 Sunburn of second degree convert 692.76 to ICD-10-CM 692.77 Sunburn of third degree convert[icd9data.com]
  • Acute dermatitis has blisters, subacute dermatitis has scaling and crusting, and chronic dermatitis has lichenification.[dermatology.about.com]
  • In conclusion, in the present case chronic dermatitis alongside infection with multi-drug-resistant germs led to an immunosuppressive status which, when associated with the presence of multiple skin ports of entry, allowed a mycobacterial infection at[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Night Sweats
  • Biopsy of the submandibular lymph node raised the suspicion of Castleman's disease; however, due to the overall incomplete clinical picture (no night sweats, no weight reduction, lack of hepatosplenomegaly and peripheral neuropathy), we decided to perform[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Hyperactivity
  • We had performed control LTT in 10 healthy controls and 10 patients with atopy, and such hyperactivity was not observed in any of them. We performed an oral provocation test with OCP containing gestodene combined with ethinyloestradiol.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder does appear to be associated with eczema, but there is no evidence of a causal link. The risk of eczema seems to be increased in urban compared with rural areas.[doi.org]
  • While initial studies reported an association with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children, the current concept assumes concentration problems in children might occur secondary as a consequence of the permanent and agonizing itch and sleep[worldallergy.org]
  • There were other minor adverse events reported by other studies, including headache, infection, diarrhoea, nausea and bloating, and hyperactivity, but their frequencies were too small to warrant any formal statistical analysis.[doi.org]
Peripheral Neuropathy
  • Biopsy of the submandibular lymph node raised the suspicion of Castleman's disease; however, due to the overall incomplete clinical picture (no night sweats, no weight reduction, lack of hepatosplenomegaly and peripheral neuropathy), we decided to perform[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Workup

  • […] superinfection Allergy and radioallergosorbent testing is of little value Biopsy shows an acute, subacute, or chronic spongiotic dermatitis pattern that is nonspecific but can be helpful to rule out other conditions (eg, cutaneous T-cell lymphoma) See Workup[emedicine.com]

Treatment

  • You can learn more about treatment for AD at: Atopic dermatitis: Diagnosis, treatment, and outcome Finding an undiagnosed medical condition can make AD treatment effective If you have an undiagnosed medical condition, such as a skin allergy, your AD treatment[aad.org]
  • Two days after commencing treatment, the patient developed widespread dermatitis (Figure 2) with nausea, malaise, and angioedema. The patient was informed about treatment options and possible side-effects.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • In conclusion, the present guidelines provide evidence‐based guidance for the diagnosis and treatment of dermatitis herpetiformis. Conflicts of interest None declared.[doi.org]
  • After 48 months, she remained refractory to medical management and definitive surgical treatment with bilateral oophorectomy was performed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • In addition, GL treatment reduced the infiltration of CD4 T cells/neutrophils in skin lesions and the percentage of IL-17-/IL-22-producing T cells in lymph nodes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prognosis

  • The prognosis of the condition is variable, but it has been shown that resolution of the underlying psychosocial stressor leads to improvement of the skin.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Dermatitis herpetiformis usually has a good prognosis, with the majority of patients responding well to a strict gluten-free diet and medication. The response rate varies between individuals (days to years). See smartphone apps to check your skin.[dermnetnz.org]
  • Prognosis Excellent, if you stay on the gluten-free diet. The severity and frequency of eruptions will decrease as you continue with the diet. Iodine can trigger eruptions in some people.[gluten.org]
  • DH usually has good prognosis, with the majority of patients responding well to a strict gluten-free diet and medication. The response rate varies between individuals (days to years).[web.archive.org]
  • […] your skin is infected Drugs that suppress the immune system Phototherapy, a medical treatment in which your skin is carefully exposed to ultraviolet (UV) light Short-term use of systemic steroids (steroids given by mouth or through a vein) Outlook (Prognosis[ufhealth.org]

Etiology

  • A lymph node biopsy is used to confirm the diagnosis of TB and PCR, while positive culture confirms the etiology of TB lymphadenitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • BACKGROUND: In our country, the Brazilian Standard Series is the most used for the etiological diagnosis of allergic contact dermatitis to shoes. However, there is no assessment of the usefulness of specific allergens for shoes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Positive association was shown between maternal exposure to increased concentrations of particulate matter and atopic dermatitis. [5] Etiology The etiology of atopic dermatitis appears to be linked both to genetic causes and to environmental agents.[emedicine.com]
  • […] estimated to affect 10.7 % (7.9 million) of children, and the wide range in prevalence between regions (8.7–18.1 %) suggests that social and/or environmental factors may play a role in disease expression [ 7 ]. 2.2 Natural History and Mechanism The etiology[doi.org]
  • […] keratinocytes, including thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP), IL-25, and IL-33. [17] Taken together, these studies highlight a new paradigm in which, in addition to classical adaptive Th2 cells, innate type 2 immune cells play critical roles in the etiology[emedicine.com]

Epidemiology

  • CONCLUSION: Panelists did not reach consensus that IAD or ITD epidemiologic data should be incorporated on the NDNQI.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • H-Erich Wichmann Chair of Genetic Epidemiology, Institute of Medical Informatics, Biometry and Epidemiology, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Munich, Germany.[doi.org]
  • Abstract Developing countries such as India can offer unique perspectives on and contributions to knowledge of and the literature on atopic dermatitis, including information on epidemiology, the role of environmental factors, clinical features, and treatment[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Atopic dermatitis epidemiology Atopic dermatitis most commonly affects children and infants. It can occur at any age but usually begins during infancy.[news-medical.net]
  • Table 2 Epidemiological studies of topical calcineurin inhibitor use and malignancy risk (including lymphoma) a Despite this large volume of epidemiological data, the FDA concluded that there still may be “a possibility of an association” between tacrolimus[doi.org]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Pathophysiology and causes Atopic dermatitis is often called eczema. Although the term atopic dermatitis and eczema are often used interchangeably, they are different. Atopic dermatitis is the most common kind of eczema.[news-medical.net]
  • Dermatitis herpetiformis: pathophysiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis and treatment. An Bras Dermatol[Internet]. 2014 [cited 2016 Jan 29]; 89(6): 865–877. Available from: . doi:10.1590/abd1806- Reunala T, Salmi TT, Hervonen K.[dermnetnz.org]
  • Jain Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery (2017) Sexual dimorphism in the mast cell transcriptome and the pathophysiological responses to immunological and psychological stress Emily Mackey, Saravanan Ayyadurai, Calvin S.[doi.org]
  • Causes and Pathophysiology E is based upon complex interactions of genetic predispositions, environmental triggers, and immune dysregulation.[web.archive.org]

Prevention

  • The investigated interventions to prevent OIHD probably cause few or no serious adverse effects.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • OUTCOMES: The cream-to-powder product prevented about 70% of the test dye from reaching the skin surface, demonstrating its ability to supplement the skin barrier.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • As such, questions of effective prevention and treatment of the condition often arise. Nonmedical skincare practices that support healthy skin barrier function can prevent DD manifestation or alleviate the condition in many cases.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The prevention strategy consisted of a two‐part concept, with an evidence‐based prevention programme giving recommendations for prevention of work‐related skin problems in wet work occupations, and a documented method for implementation.[doi.org]
  • Yang and Ed Olmsted, Review of health hazards and prevention measures for response and recovery workers and volunteers after natural disasters, flooding, and water damage: mold and dampness, Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine, 19, 2, (93), ([doi.org]

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