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Diphtheritic Conjunctivitis

Diphtheria Conjunctival


Presentation

  • The case is being reported for its unusual presentation and to our knowledge, such a case has not been described in Indian literature. References 1.[ijo.in]
  • In twenty-two of the cases redness of the skinwas present.[myslide.es]
  • The pupillary area is clear, but some opaque lens substance is still present. Vision, O.D., with plus 11. sph .3 plus 0.50 cyl. axis 135 20 /20. Reads Jaeger 1 with plus 3 added.[documents.tips]
  • These in a developed form present a quite characteristic picture in that the palpebral conjunctiva of the upper eyelid is covered with a mass of smooth granulations separated from one another by narrow, deep grooves (so that it has an appearance which[chestofbooks.com]
Fever
  • Symptoms often come on fairly gradually beginning with a sore throat and fever. In severe cases a grey or white patch develops in the throat. This can block the airway and create a barking cough as in croup.[icd.codes]
  • Symptoms include Sore throat Swollen glands in the neck Fever Weakness Your doctor will diagnose it based on your signs and symptoms and a lab test. Getting treatment for diphtheria quickly is important.[coding-pro.com]
  • There are usually more or less general constitutional symptoms with fever. After three to five days, or in the confluent form eight days, the secretion becomes purulent, the so-called blennorrha4form stage.[gluedideas.com]
  • Medical College, Solapur, with complaints of rhinitis, intermittent fever (100- 103F) and bilateral conjunctival mucopurulent profuse discharge of four days duration.[ijo.in]
Constitutional Symptom
  • There are usually more or less general constitutional symptoms with fever. After three to five days, or in the confluent form eight days, the secretion becomes purulent, the so-called blennorrha4form stage.[gluedideas.com]
Pathologist
  • A hurried examination of a scraping by a pathologist in the building confirmed the diagnosis of diphtheritic conjunctivitis. Upon learning of the diagnosis the father elected to take the boy home and place him under the care of his family physician.[docslide.com.br]
Unable to Stand
  • Hetried to get up, but was unable to stand. His pupils wereneither dilated nor contracted.[myslide.es]
Sore Throat
  • Symptoms often come on fairly gradually beginning with a sore throat and fever. In severe cases a grey or white patch develops in the throat. This can block the airway and create a barking cough as in croup.[icd.codes]
  • Symptoms include Sore throat Swollen glands in the neck Fever Weakness Your doctor will diagnose it based on your signs and symptoms and a lab test. Getting treatment for diphtheria quickly is important.[coding-pro.com]
  • There was no history of sore throat in this child or any of the rest of the family. The membrane was quite adherent to the conjunctiva of the upper lid but did not bleed when removed. Smear and culture were taken at this time. 636 NOTES.[documents.tips]
  • Viral Conjunctivitis due to a viral infection resulting in some bleeding Viral conjunctivitis is often associated with an infection of the upper respiratory tract, a common cold, or a sore throat. Its symptoms include excessive watering and itching.[isnare.com]
Sneezing
  • You can catch it from a person who has the infection and coughs or sneezes. You can also get infected by coming in contact with an object, such as a toy, that has bacteria on it. Diphtheria usually affects the nose and throat.[coding-pro.com]
  • You can catch it from a person who has the infection and coughs or sneezes. You can also get infected by coming in contact with an object, such as a toy, that has bacteria on it.Diphtheria usually affects the nose and throat. Symptoms ...[codelay.com]
Vomiting
  • On Sept. 16th at 8 A.M. the bowels had been movedthree times and there had been vomiting once. Hisbehaviour was still most curious. He was more or lessdelirious and started when the hand was placed on hisbody.[myslide.es]
  • […] exudation of blood usually occurs in elderly individuals, in whom the walls of blood vessels are undoubtedly weakened by atheromatous processes and give way, and may indicate nephritis, but is sometimes seen in children as a result of violent coughing, vomiting[operatingmicroscopes.com]
Excoriation
  • On lifting the upper lid and pulling the lower down, an excoriation of the skin of the lower lid was seen on the margin, extending both ways from the center with a thin grayish membrane on this excoriation.[documents.tips]
  • Athin milky-white discharge, slight in quantity, exuded from1794the palpebral fissures, excoriating the skin of the cheek.Such was the local condition ; added to this the child wasobviously ill, being flushed, restless, and irritable, with atemperature[myslide.es]
  • Catarrhal, chronic, tending toward trachoma, with redness and excoriation of lids and a dull feeling, with itching in eyes in evening :- Merc-c. Chemosis, with, small spots here and there like ecchymoses (sequelæ of iritis) :- Kali-bi.[homeoint.org]
  • It appears as irregular plaques which are covered with small punctate excoriations or with grayish masses of exudation and superficial cicatrices. The condition is accompanied by lupus erythematosus of the face. The etiology is obscure.[operatingmicroscopes.com]
Blepharitis
  • […] retina deterioration, eye weaknesses, congestion or foreign particles trapped in the eye tissues, radiation burns, “ blood shot ” eyes, infections of the eye tissues ( pink eye, etc. ), retinitis, conjunctivitis, floaters, granulated eye lids, dry eyes, blepharitis[dict.site]
  • […] right upper eyelid H01002Unspecified blepharitis right lower eyelid H01003Unspecified blepharitis right eye, unspecified eyelid H01004Unspecified blepharitis left upper eyelid H01005Unspecified blepharitis left lower eyelid H01006Unspecified blepharitis[cms.gov]
  • English Noun ( - ) (medicine) The combination of conjunctivitis and blepharitis. English Noun ( en-noun ) (pathology) An inflammation of the conjunctiva, often due to infection.[wikidiff.com]
  • Blepharokeratoconjunctivitis is the combination of conjunctivitis with blepharitis and keratitis.[isnare.com]
Red Eye
  • It is clinically defined by changes of the lid margin, meibomian gland dysfunction, redness of the eye, conjunctival chemosis and inflammation of the cornea. [20] Differential diagnosis There are more serious conditions that can present with a red eye[isnare.com]
  • It is clinically defined by changes of the lid margin, meibomian gland dysfunction, redness of the eye, conjunctival chemosis and inflammation of the cornea. [25] Differential diagnosis [ edit ] Some more serious conditions can present with a red eye,[en.wikipedia.org]
  • Red, eyes become distorted (spasms after fright) :- Cupr. Red, in coryza :- Acon., All-c., Ars-met., Phyt., Verat. Red, in coryza, at beginning of influenza :- Puls. Red, with cough :- Acon., Phyt. Red, dark :- Cham., Chel., Ter.[homeoint.org]
Foreign Body Sensation
  • body sensation, pain and excessive watering in the right eye since one month.[jacmjournal.org]
  • Symptoms • CL intolerance. • Irritation, discomfort, burning & foreign body sensation. • Watery or mucoid discharge. • Blurred vision due to mucous coating of the CL. • Hyperemia. Signs![archive.org]
Conjunctival Hyperemia
  • Stage of discharge: • Marked conjunctival hyperemia. • Purulent, blood-stained discharge. • Removal of the membrane leaves a septic granulation tissue, exuding thick yellow pus. Fate & complications 1.[archive.org]
  • Conjunctival hyperemia may be produced by use of the eyes with poor illumination, eye strain from errors of refraction or muscular irregularities, by too continuous use of the eyes on fine work, by indigestion, alcoholic beverages, rheumatic gout, vaso[operatingmicroscopes.com]
Diplopia
  • He has never noticed any diplopia under any circumstances, with normal vision in each eye with correction.[documents.tips]

Workup

  • The cellular response in conjunctivitis differs according to the cause, as follows: Bacterial infections: Neutrophils predominate Viral infections: Lymphocytes predominate Allergic reactions: Eosinophils predominate See Workup for more detail.[emedicine.medscape.com]

Treatment

  • Getting treatment for diphtheria quickly is important. If your doctor suspects that you have it, you'll start treatment before the lab tests come back. Treatment is with antibiotics.[icdlist.com]
  • Pagenstecher massaged with a 10 per cent. yellow precipitate ointment, gave two treatments daily, and in a short time brought about recovery in the most obstinate cases.[chestofbooks.com]
  • […] a smear preparation of B coryzae segmentosus 348 Fig 1 Hofmanns bacillus pseudodiphtheria type 383 DIPHTHERIALIKE DISEASES 389 PREVENTIVE MEASURES 396 CHAPTER XII 402 POSTSCARLATINAL DIPHTHERIA 426 The prevalence of postscarlatinal diphtheria Origin Treatment[books.google.com]

Prognosis

  • The prognosis for diphtheria is very serious for both the eye and the life of the patient. ! Found an error? Select it and press Ctrl Enter.[iliveok.com]
  • Prognosis. The prognosis is good in perhaps 50 per cent. of the cases.[operatingmicroscopes.com]
  • Prognosis Overall there is a 5-10% mortality rate, but it is up to 20% in those younger than 5 years and older than 40 years. [ 5 ] Recovery is slow and particular caution should be advised after myocarditis.[patient.info]

Etiology

  • Etiology and pathogenesis DIPHTHERITIC INFLAMMATION OF THE CONJUNCTIVA (DIPHTHERIA CONJUNCTIVAE) Etiology. Infection by the Bacillus of diphtheria. Disease or transferred to the conjunctiva of the upper respiratory tract, or startles her primary.[lecheniebolezni.com]
  • Conjunctivitis, which is defined as inflammation of the bulbar and/or palpebral conjunctiva (the transparent lubricating mucous membrane that covers both the surface of the eye and lining of the undersurface of the eyelids), has many etiologies, including[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • Discharge (Serous, mucoid, purulent.... etc): According to the etiology & severity. 3. Chemosis: Edema of the subepithelial connective tissue. 38- Dr/ Mahmoud Medhat 0113004901 4.[archive.org]
  • Etiology. This disease is due to the presence of a specific microorganism, a bacillus, in the conjunctival sac.[operatingmicroscopes.com]
  • Microbiological etiology and susceptibility of bacterial conjunctivitis isolates from clinical trials with ophthalmic, twice-daily besifloxacin. Adv Ther 2012;29:442-55. 6. Tarabishy AB, Jeng BH. Bacterial conjunctivitis: A review for internists.[jacmjournal.org]

Epidemiology

  • Boralkar AN Clinical and epidemiological features of 15 incidents of severe infectious bovine rhinotracheitis. Wiseman A, Msolla PM, Selman IE, Allan EM, Pirie HM Diphtheritic conjunctivitis; membrane conjunctivitis.[medicbind.com]
  • Epidemiology [ edit ] Conjunctivitis is the most common eye disease. [34] Rates of disease is related to the underlying cause which varies by the age as well as the time of year.[en.wikipedia.org]
  • Epidemiology Conjunctivitis is the most common eye disease. [29] History An adenovirus was first isolated by Rowe et al. in 1953.[isnare.com]
  • Epidemiology Diphtheria mainly occurs in epidemics. A vaccine was introduced to the UK in 1941, after which the number of cases fell from 46,281 (2,480 deaths) in 1940, to 37 cases (six deaths) in 1957.[patient.info]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Prevention

  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Diphtheria Diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis (DTaP) vaccines -- what you need to know Diphtheria: Information for Parents (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) - PDF Diphtheria: Information for Parents[coding-pro.com]
  • Avoidable - 0% Emergent - ED Care Needed - Not Preventable/Avoidable - 0% Primary diagnosis of injury 0% Primary diagnosis of mental health problems 0% Primary diagnosis of substance abuse 0% Primary diagnosis of Alcohol 0% Unclassified 100% Health Topic[codelay.com]
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Diphtheria (Medical Encyclopedia) [ Read More ] Pinkeye Also called: Conjunctivitis Conjunctivitis is the medical name for pink eye.[icdlist.com]
  • Avoidable - 0% Emergent - ED Care Needed - Not Preventable/Avoidable - 0% Primary diagnosis of injury 0% Primary diagnosis of mental health problems 0% Primary diagnosis of substance abuse 0% Primary diagnosis of Alcohol 0% Unclassified 100% Diphtheria[medicbind.com]
  • Special attention is given to the prevention and treatment of these diseases found in developing countries as well as the latest findings about new antimicrobial agents, gram-negative infections and their management, and recommendations for immunization[books.google.com]

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