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Dislocation of Atlantoaxial Joint

Atlantoaxial Dislocation


Presentation

  • Prevalence of radiological changes in the cervical spine—a cross sectional study after 20 years from presentation of rheumatoid arthritis. J Rheumatol. 2000; 27 (1):90–93. [ PubMed ] [ Google Scholar ] 29.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Asymptomatic
  • Relationship between alignment of upper and lower cervical spine in asymptomatic individuals J Neurosurg 2003 99 (1, Suppl):80–83. [ PubMed ] [ Google Scholar ] 108. Dickman C A, Locantro J, Fessler R G.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Physician
  • J Assoc Physicians India. 2010; 58 :187–189. [ PubMed ] [ Google Scholar ] 40. Reddy K R, Rao G S, Devi B I, Prasad P V, Ramesh V J.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Down Syndrome
  • Symptomatic atlantoaxial instability in an adolescent with trisomy 21 (Down's syndrome) Clin Pediatr (Phila) 2013; 52 (7):633–638. [ PubMed ] [ Google Scholar ] 69.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Skeletal Dysplasia
  • Spinal disorders associated with skeletal dysplasias and syndromes. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 2007; 18 (3):499–514. [ PubMed ] [ Google Scholar ] 17. Curtis B H, Blank S, Fisher R L. Atlantoxial dislocation in Down's syndrome.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Atlanto-Axial Instability
  • Spine fusion for atlanto-axial instability. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1976; 58 (3):400–407. [ PubMed ] [ Google Scholar ] 46. Greenberg A D. Atlanto-axial dislocations. Brain. 1968; 91 (4):655–684. [ PubMed ] [ Google Scholar ] 47.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Fracture
  • Guiot B Fessler R G Complex atlantoaxial fractures J Neurosurg 1999 91 (2, Suppl):139–143. [ PubMed ] [ Google Scholar ] 12.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Arthritis
  • Involvement of the cervical spine in rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Rheum. 1989; 32 (5):652–659. [ PubMed ] [ Google Scholar ] 32.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Neglect
  • Successful conservative treatment for neglected rotatory atlantoaxial dislocation. J Pediatr Orthop. 2013; 33 (4):389–392. [ PubMed ] [ Google Scholar ] 61.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Myelopathy
  • Myelopathy complicating congenital atlanto-axial dislocation. (A study of 28 cases) Brain. 1967; 90 (2):449–472. [ PubMed ] [ Google Scholar ] 39. Panda S, Ravishankar S, Nagaraja D.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Treatment

  • Successful conservative treatment for neglected rotatory atlantoaxial dislocation. J Pediatr Orthop. 2013; 33 (4):389–392. [ PubMed ] [ Google Scholar ] 61.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • If the interaction is statistically significant and there is a point of equivalence between the two randomized treatments for some RS value in the range 0- 25, a clinical cutpoint for recommending chemotherapy will be estimated.[lefasofunolan.ml]
  • Admin December 17, Noise in ears, Treatment admin. Neck osteochondrosis has a number of features comparing to lumbar and thoracic.[unitezyjuzox.tk]
  • The Opening Wedge Osteotomy System was developed for the facilitation of safe and reproducible osteotomies for the treatment of pain and/ or instability associated with lower extremity malalignment.[utoludofyragys.ml]

Etiology

  • Arvin B Fournier-Gosselin M-P Fehlings M G Os odontoideum: etiology and surgical management Neurosurgery 2010 66 (3, Suppl):22–31. [ PubMed ] [ Google Scholar ] 70.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Epidemiology

  • Atlantoaxial instability in individuals with Down syndrome: epidemiologic, radiographic, and clinical studies. Pediatrics. 1987; 80 (4):555–560. [ PubMed ] [ Google Scholar ] 21. Healey D, Letts M, Jarvis J G.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Prevention

  • To prevent neck pain from cervical osteochondrosis, stay active and.[unitezyjuzox.tk]

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